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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

Innovative Health Care Provider Roles
Discusses healthcare provider types that might have the potential to benefit rural communities including community health workers, community paramedics, patient advocates, health coaches, and dental therapists.
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Value
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Community Paramedicine Impact Reference Guide
Spreadsheet identifying journal articles that describe the impact of community paramedicine (CP) programs. Includes the article citation, a brief abstract, program services and impacts, and the country where it was implemented. Covers CP program impacts for patients, healthcare systems, healthcare providers, payers, and other stakeholders.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Rural Health Resource Center, Paramedic Foundation
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2020 National Emergency Medical Services Assessment
Describes emergency medical services (EMS), EMS emergency preparedness, and 911 systems at the state and national levels, using data from a survey completed by representatives of 54 states and U.S. territories. Features statistics in categories including EMS organizations, response and patient care, workforce health and safety, disaster preparedness, and funding, including funding provided by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Guidance for Law Enforcement and First Responders Administering Naloxone
Provides guidance for naloxone administration by law enforcement and first responders during the COVID-19 pandemic. Details recommendations for administering both intranasal and intramuscular naloxone.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Infectious Agents Exposure Reduction Training for First Responders
Video outlining protocols and strategies for mitigating exposure to infectious agents. Content focuses specifically on COVID-19, but information can be applied to situations involving other highly infectious pathogens.
Date: 04/2020
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organizations: University of Arizona Mel & Enid Zuckerman School of Public Health, Western Region Public Health Learning Network
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Virtually Perfect? Telemedicine for Covid-19
Perspective article that discusses the role telehealth could play in responding to COVID-19. Discusses telemedicine approaches related to surge control and triage, patient isolation, eICU, community paramedicine, and more.
Author(s): Judd E. Hollander, Brendan G. Carr
Citation: New England Journal of Medicine, 382, 1679-1681
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
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Standard Precautions Among Emergency Medical Services in Urban and Rural Areas
Study examining EMS adherence to standard precautions regarding blood and bodily fluid safety, comparing rural and urban EMS providers in West Virginia. Analyzes survey data to understand general exposure prevention practices. Discusses role of occupational health professionals in administering standard precautions training and evaluation for EMS providers.
Author(s): Riyadh Alhazmi, R. David Parker, Sijin Wen
Citation: Workplace Health and Safety, 68(2), 73-80
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
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Template for Emergency Medical Services Informed Community Self Determination (ICSD)
Includes an agency pre-visit checklist, a sample Program Agreement, and evaluation tools to help outside evaluators report on issues that might affect a community's EMS performance and level of care. Intended for rural, relatively isolated areas with few EMS resource options.
Author(s): Kevin McGinnis, Gary Wingrove
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Update of Evaluation of California's Community Paramedicine Pilot Program
Updates the evaluation of the California Emergency Medical Services Authority pilot community paramedicine program, which began in 2014 to test 7 community paramedicine concepts and has involved 14 communities, including rural Butte county. Provides an overview of the projects, summarizes how the community paramedics were trained, reports on the patients served and program effectiveness, and discusses potential savings for Medi-Cal and Medicare.
Author(s): Janet M. Coffman, Lisel Blash, Ginachukwu Amah
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Healthforce Center at UCSF, Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies
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Texas Emergency Medical Services Personnel, 2019: Trends, Distribution, and Demographics
Fact sheet identifying growth trends, age distribution, and population to provider data by county and geographic designation of emergency medical services personnel in Texas. Features statistics with breakdowns by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas.
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Texas Department of State Health Services
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