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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

Recruitment and Retention: Overcoming the Rural EMS Dilemma
Reports on rural emergency medical services (EMS) workforce challenges and identifies innovative approaches to meet these challenges, highlighting programs in several states. Includes a list of 4 EMS recruitment and retention tactics for rural communities.
Author(s): Jenn Lukens
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Promising Practice: Wisconsin Office of Rural Health Rallies EMS Providers in the State
Describes how EMS Day at the Wisconsin capitol brought 50 local EMS agencies and two state EMS associations together to meet with state legislators and advocate for their support and recognition of their needs. This event developed out of an effort by the Wisconsin Office of Rural Health (WI-ORH) to design and implement an assessment tool evaluating rural ambulance services within the state.
Author(s): Beth Blevins
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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SOAR Impact Report 2018
Annual report from Shaping Our Appalachian Region, a nonprofit organization dedicated to expanding job creation, improving quality of life, and enhancing opportunity, innovation, and identity in Appalachian Kentucky. Includes a section on the Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium, which provides training to rural and tribal first responders in their communities across the country.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Shaping Our Appalachian Region
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Emergency Medical Services Professionals' Attitudes about Community Paramedic Programs
Evaluates perceptions and attitudes of emergency medical services (EMS) professionals' understanding and willingness to participate in community paramedic programs. Includes demographic data for EMS professionals participating in the study by level of certification or licensure and total years of EMS experience. Provides information on EMS participants' work experiences, including the type of community and population served.
Author(s): Robert J. Steeps, Denise A. Wilfong, Michael W. Hubble, Daniel L. Bercher
Citation: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 18(4), 630-639
Date: 06/2017
Type: Document
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Prevention and Treatment of Substance Abuse in Rural Communities
Webinar recording discusses the challenges and strategies in stemming the rate of substance abuse in rural communities. Introduces the Rural Prevention and Treatment of Substance Abuse Toolkit, designed to help communities implement substance abuse programs. Presents several examples of state level programs focused on increasing access to naloxone and training for first responders to recognize and prevent overdoses.
Additional links: Audio Recording, PowerPoint Handout, Transcript
Date: 05/2017
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Community Paramedics Team Up with Hospitals to Reduce Readmissions
Describes community paramedicine pilot projects in California, one of which is rural, that are providing follow-up calls and visits to patients between 24-72 hours after hospital discharge. Features statistics including number of patients and number of readmissions within 30 days, with breakdowns by 6 diagnoses and site.
Author(s): Karen Shore
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: California Health Care Foundation
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Kansas Ambulance Service Assessment
Reports the results of a statewide emergency medical services (EMS) assessment conducted in 2017, to determine operational capacity and resource allocation strategies. Covers EMS agency, respondent, and geographic characteristics by population density peer group, such as frontier, rural, and densely-populated rural.
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kansas Office of Primary Care & Rural Health
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Community Paramedic Toolkit
Toolkit for ambulance services, hospitals, and others considering the development or expansion of a community paramedicine program in Minnesota. Includes program planning, education and training, financing, and models of care, among other discussions.
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Minnesota Department of Health - Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
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Innovations in Rural Health System Development: Recruiting and Retaining Maine's Health Care Workforce
Illustrates examples of rural-focused medical education programs to support an adequate supply of physicians in rural Maine. Also, discusses behavioral and oral health workforce development, and promising programs utilizing other types of healthcare workers such as community paramedics and community health workers (CHWs) to increase the availability and accessibility of healthcare in rural Maine and in other rural regions of the U.S.
Author(s): Amanda Burgess, Andrew F. Coburn
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Maine Health Access Foundation, Maine Rural Health Research Center
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EMS Leaders Speak
Five experts discuss emergency medical services in a changing rural healthcare delivery system. Topics addressed include EMS challenges and potential opportunities, such as community paramedicine and telehealth.
Author(s): Kevin McGinnis, Diane Calmus, Don Wood, Tom Nehring, Gary Wingrove
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 09/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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