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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health occupations

International Medical Graduate Physicians in the U.S.: Changes Since 1981
Describes changes over time in the supply and distribution of International Medical Graduates (IMGs), based on five-year interval data from 1981 through 2001. Addresses IMG country of education, distribution in the U.S., demographics, type of practice, specialty, and contribution to patient care in rural areas and persistent poverty counties.
Author(s): L. Gary Hart, Susan M. Skillman, Amy Hagopian, et al.
Date: 03/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: UW Center for Health Workforce Studies
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Rural Mental Health in the WICHE West: Meeting Workforce Demands through Regional Partnership
Discusses the mental health workforce needs facing the states that are part of the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE) and what can be done to effectively meeting the mental health care needs of the region.
Date: 03/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Federal Office of Rural Health Policy
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Medicare Physician Fees: Geographic Adjustment Indices Are Valid in Design, but Data and Methods Need Refinement
Discusses Medicare's geographic practice cost indices (GPCI). Includes discussion of how these indices impact rural physicians, physician incomes, location, recruitment, and retention.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 03/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Medicare Fee-for-Service Beneficiary Access to Physician Services: Trends in Utilization of Services, 2000-2002
Reports on Medicare beneficiaries' access to physician services in 2000, 2001, and 2002, with comparison of rural versus urban access.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 02/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Characteristics of Registered Nurses in Rural vs. Urban Areas: Implications for Strategies to Alleviate Nursing Shortages in the United States
Reports on characteristics of rural and urban registered nurses in the United States based on data from a national survey.
Author(s): Susan M. Skillman, Lorella Palazzo, David Keepnews, L. Gary Hart
Date: 01/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: UW Center for Health Workforce Studies
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Mental Health Risk Factors, Unmet Needs, and Provider Availability for Rural Children
Reports on mental health needs for urban and rural children and availability of healthcare professionals, including behavioral health providers, in urban and rural areas.
Additional links: Fact Sheet
Date: 2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Addressing the Nursing Shortage: Impacts and Innovations in Frontier America
Discusses the nursing shortage and how it affects rural and frontier communities. Includes strategies to address the shortage and maps of hospital nurse shortage areas.
Date: 12/2004
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Frontier Communities
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Rural Physicians' Acceptance of New Medicare Patients
Describes trends for urban and rural physicians who no longer accept new Medicare patients. Discusses the impact of Medicare payment policy changes on rural physicians' decisions to accept Medicare patients.
Author(s): Keith J. Mueller, A. Clinton MacKinney, Timothy D. McBride, Jane L. Meza, Liyan Xu
Citation: RUPRI Rural Policy Brief, 9(5)
Date: 08/2004
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
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Development of a Methodology for Assessing the Effect of a Lay Home Visitation Program for Rural High-Risk Women and Infants
Describes a small pilot study evaluating the effectiveness of a home visitation program using lay health workers. Describes the approach used to evaluate the Low Country Healthy Start Resource Mothers Program, a care coordination program for low-income, African American pregnant women and their infants in two rural South Carolina counties. Reports on the program's impact, including prenatal care, postpartum check-up, well child care, and health outcomes.
Additional links: Fact Sheet
Author(s): Elizabeth A. Erkel, Charity G. Moore, Yvonne Michel
Date: 02/2004
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Physician Workforce: Supply Increased in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas but Geographic Disparities Persisted
Describes the change in supply of physicians from 1991 to 2001. Includes data nationally and by state on physicians in nonmetropolitan areas and on the number of specialists versus generalists. Includes a list of Health Resources and Services Administration programs that address the supply and distribution of health professionals, with 1991 and 2001 expenditures for each program.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 10/2003
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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