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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Obesity and weight control

The Relationship Between Rural Setting and Health: Factors that Influence Individuals With or at Risk of CVD - A Summary of the Literature
Describes current literature on rural challenges and opportunities, including cardiovascular risk due to obesity, lack of access to healthcare, workforce shortages, importance of paramedics and community health workers, telehealth and broadband, and impact of the substance use disorder epidemic. Intended to help stakeholders understand the causes of health disparities and to support action to improve the health of rural communities.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Heart Association
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A Three-Year Multifaceted Intervention to Prevent Obesity in Children of Mexican-Heritage
Examines the effects of a community-based intervention to reduce the rate of body mass index (BMI) growth among Mexican-heritage children living in the rural areas of California's central valley.
Author(s): Banafsheh Sadeghi, Lucia L. Kaiser, Meagan M. Hanbury, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 19, 582
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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Rural Profile of Arkansas 2019
Describes the rural social, demographic, and economic structure of Arkansas with a portion addressing health status, including infant mortality, obesity, health outcomes, and food insecurity. Compares rural to urban areas of the state.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture, Research & Extension
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Behavioral and Subjective Health Changes in US and Mexico Border Residing Participants in Two Promotora-led Chronic Disease Prevention Interventions
Study of two community health worker (CHW) chronic disease prevention programs serving Mexico-born residents of the U.S-Mexico border region: one in a rural Arizona community and one in an urban community in Sonora, Mexico. Discusses challenges related to healthy diet, physical activity, and social support as risk factors for obesity and diabetes. Analyzes data from self-report assessments to evaluate behavioral and subjective health improvements over 6 months of the intervention programs.
Author(s): S C Carvajal, S Huang, M L Bell, et al.
Citation: Health Education Research, 33(6), 522-534
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
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2020-2022 New Mexico State Health Improvement Plan
Describes a disease prevention and health promotion plan to improve health outcomes for New Mexico's population where the majority are people of color. Major health issues include access to primary care, obesity and diabetes, substance use disorder, and mental health with a focus on the cultural and linguistic needs of New Mexico's unique population.
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: New Mexico Department of Health
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Support and Sabotage: A Qualitative Study of Social Influences on Health Behaviors among Rural Adults
Examines the impact of social relationships on health behavior adoption and maintenance by interviewing midlife and older adults in rural Montana at increased risk of chronic disease. Addresses family and peer influences on diet, physical activity, and tobacco use.
Author(s): Urshila Sriram, Emily H. Morgan, Meredith L. Graham, Sara C. Folta, Rebecca A. Seguin
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 34(1), 88-97
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
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America's Health Rankings Annual Report 2018
Provides a national and state-by-state overview of population health by analyzing 35 measures to describe health outcomes in the U.S. Provides rural specific information and statistics by residence, obesity, excessive alcohol use, physical inactivity, smoking, diabetes, health status, mental and physical distress.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: United Health Foundation
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Rates of Obesity and Obesogenic Behaviors of Rural Appalachian Adolescents: How Do They Compare to Other Adolescents or Recommendations?
Evaluates data from a sample of Appalachian adolescents in Ohio to compare obesity and related behaviors to that of the national, adolescent population. Includes comparisons for body mass index (BMI), mean body fat percentage, daily physical activity behaviors, and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption.
Author(s): Laureen Smith, Devin Laurent, Erica Baumker, Rick Petosa
Citation: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 15(11), 874-881
Date: 11/2018
Type: Document
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High Prevalence of Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors among Adolescents in Pohnpei, Micronesia
Reports on a study of secondary school students in Pohnpei state, Federated States of Micronesia, regarding substance use and weight. Compares factors by gender, age group, school type, and grade level. Focuses on alcohol, tobacco, and betel nut use.
Author(s): Delpihn Abraham, Haley L. Cash, A. Mark Durand, et al.
Citation: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 77(11), 283-288
Date: 11/2018
Type: Document
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Examining the Association Between Intervention-Related Changes in Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight as Moderated by the Food and Physical Activity Environments among Rural, Southern Adults
Study examining changes in weight, diet, and physical activity in rural adults who took part in a lifestyle intervention in rural Lenoir County, North Carolina. Reports data on self-reported and objectively-measured changes over 6 months, covering access to different kinds of food retailers, gyms, and parks, as well as community walkability, crime, and barriers to physical activity.
Author(s): Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C. Keyserling, Larry F. Johnston, et al.
Citation: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 117(10), 1618-1627
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
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