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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Obesity and weight control

COVID-19 Health Equity Interactive Dashboard
Interactive map containing county- and state-level data on COVID-19 cases and deaths in the U.S. Illustrates relationships between COVID-19 outcomes and various social determinants of health, such as population density, poverty, underlying health conditions, urban/rural status, and more.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Emory University
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Collecting Early Childhood Obesity Measurements Through a Home Visiting Program: A Proof-of-Concept Study
Describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a proof-of-concept protocol for collecting data on weight and length/height of children aged 6 months to 5 years through existing home visiting programs in rural and urban areas of South Carolina, Texas, Illinois, and Florida. Features a measurement checklist for parent educators and discusses implications for public health, such as obesity prevention.
Author(s): Julie Kapp, Brian Hall, Allison Kemner
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
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"We're, Like, the Most Unhealthy People in the Country": Using an Equity Lens to Reduce Barriers to Healthy Food Access in Rural Appalachia
Examines barriers and facilitators for accessing healthy food in Martin County, Kentucky. Aims to develop socially-, culturally-, and historically-informed policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions to reduce obesity in Appalachia and other areas.
Author(s): Kathryn Cardarelli, Emily DeWitt, Rachel Gillespie, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
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Rural Health Research Recap: Rural Ethnic/Racial Disparities: Adverse Health Outcomes
Explores the racial and ethnic disparities in rural health outcomes. Breaks down rates of premature mortality and disability status of Black, Hispanic, American Indian and Alaska Native, and Asian American and Pacific Islander populations in rural and urban areas.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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NRHA Policy Paper: Rural Obesity
Policy position paper examining rural-urban differences in obesity prevalence, obesity as a factor in health disparities, differences in weight-related behaviors, and social determinants of health influencing rural obesity. Offers strategies and policy recommendations to address rural obesity.
Author(s): Demetrius Abshire, Cassity Gutierrez
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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Rural/Urban Differences in Children's Health
Examines differences in child health conditions by rural and urban residency. Explores differences in mental and behavioral health, weight status and physical activity, adverse childhood experiences, and access to healthcare.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maternal and Child Health Bureau
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Place Effects and Chronic Disease Rates in a Rural State: Evidence from a Triangulation of Methods
Investigates the relationship between place effects, or food environment, and prevalence of chronic diseases in West Virginia. Features data and statistics on how areas with access to different food vendors (hot spots) and those that lack food providers (cold spots) impact diabetes and obesity rates, with information broken down by rural or urban setting.
Author(s): Mohamed Shabani Kariburyo, Lauri Andress, Alan Collins, Paul Kinder
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 6676
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
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The State of Obesity 2020: Better Policies for a Healthier America
Report discusses child and adult obesity and its connection to food insecurity in rural and urban areas across the country. Highlights rates of obesity by state, race, and gender and presents policies and programs to address obesity.
Author(s): Molly Warren, Stacy Beck, Daphne Delgado
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Trust for America's Health
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Estimated County-Level Prevalence of Selected Underlying Medical Conditions Associated with Increased Risk for Severe COVID-19 Illness — United States, 2018
Reports on the estimated number and proportion of people with certain underlying medical conditions that put them at risk for severe COVID-19. Provides county-level maps with data on adults with any of these conditions: chronic respiratory conditions, heart disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or obesity. Also discusses the prevalence of underlying conditions in rural counties.
Author(s): Hilda Razzaghi, Yan Wang, Hua Lu, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(29), 945-950
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Effect of Telehealth Extended Care for Maintenance of Weight Loss in Rural US Communities: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Evaluates the effectiveness of obesity management programs conducted from 2013-2018 by telephone or email for participants in 14 rural Florida counties. Includes demographics and statistics on weight loss with breakdowns by method of remote counseling.
Author(s): Michael G. Perri, Meena N. Shankar, Michael J. Daniels, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 3(6)
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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