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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Research methods and resources

Issues in Developing Multidimensional Indices of State-level Health Inequalities: National Health Interview Survey, 2013–2015
Examines methodological issues related to developing and estimating health inequality measures that span multiple dimensions of health. One of the inequality attributes included in the discussion is urbanicity, based on the NCHS urban-rural classification scheme.
Author(s): Makram Talih, Maria A. Villarroel
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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The History and Future of Rural Health Research: Celebrating 30 Years
Recording and slides from a June 4, 2018 webinar with Tom Morris of the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, Eric Larsen of the WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, and Marcia M. Ward of the Center for Health Policy and Research. They explore how rural health research has changed over time and discuss recent work on telemedicine and emergency and trauma care.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Transcript, Webinar Recording
Date: 06/2018
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Reporting of Indian Health Service Coverage in the American Community Survey
Evaluates the extent to which American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) misreport Indian Health Services (IHS) coverage in the American Community Services (ACS), as well as characteristics associated with false negative and false positive misreporting. Includes data on urban/rural residence. Findings based on a comparison of the IHS portion of the 2014 ACS health insurance question to whether or not individuals are in the 2014 IHS Patient Registration data.
Author(s): Renuka Bhaskar, Rachel M. Shattuck, James Noon
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Methods Applying AHRQ Quality Indicators to Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Data for the 2017 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report (QDR)
Describes the preparation of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) databases for data years 2000–2015 for use in the 2017 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report, which includes information on priority populations such as rural residents. Includes information on HCUP-based measures related urban-rural location.
Author(s): M. Barrett, R. Coffey, R. Houchens, et al.
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Improving Health Research on Small Populations: Proceedings of a Workshop
Summary of a January 2018 workshop focused on health research with small population groups, including rural populations. Discusses the challenges of small population health research and innovative approaches related to study design, data collection, and statistical analysis to address these challenges.
Additional links: Read Online
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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The IDeA States Pediatric Clinical Trials Network: Building Research Capacity among the Rural and Medically Underserved
Describes the activities of the IDeA States Pediatric Clinical Trials Network, a product of the Institutional Development Award (IDeA) program developed to enhance the competitiveness of research in states with low success rates for funding from the National Institute of Health (NIH). IDeA states exhibit high numbers of rural and medically underserved populations along with high rates of infant mortality, obesity, and poverty. Describes work underway to increase research capacity and access to clinical trials in the IDeA states. Introduces two proposed novel clinical trials with interventions for children who are overweight or obese.
Author(s): Jessica Snowden, Paul Darden, Paul Palumbo, Phil Saul, Jeannette Lee
Citation: Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 30(2), 297-302
Date: 04/2018
Type: Document
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Use of the National Health Interview Survey Linked to Medicaid Analytic eXtract Data to Identify Children With Medicaid-covered Births
Explains a method for longitudinal follow-up of children who were enrolled in Medicaid at birth through linked National Health Interview Survey and Medicaid Analytic eXtract data files. Includes NHIS data on health insurance coverage, health status, and healthcare access for children with Medicaid-covered births, including data by urban-rural county of residence.
Author(s): Patricia C. Lloyd, Anne K. Driscoll, Alan E. Simon, Jennifer D. Parker
Date: 04/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Rapid Review of Rural Health Research: Resources for the Five Leading Causes of Death
Prepared to accompany the December 12-13, 2017 workshop What Works for Rural: From Research to Reality. Compiles research and resources gathered online from October 2013 to December 2017 on the topics of cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, heart disease, stroke, and unintentional injury, which includes a subsection on drug overdoses and opioids.
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, Georgia Health Policy Center, National Network of Public Health Institutes
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Range Matters: Rural Averages Can Conceal Important Information
Findings brief showing how research focusing on averages without considering data range can conceal important information about average rural hospital profitability, distance between hospitals, and HIV prevalence by county.
Author(s): Meagan Clawar, Kristie Thompson, George H. Pink
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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The Future of Health Services Research: Advancing Health Systems Research and Practice in the United States
Focuses on the importance of health services research to guide decision-making. Addresses the history of the field, future priorities, major funders, its impact on improving healthcare systems and access to care, and needs related to data infrastructure. Includes data on projects supported by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, a few rural health research examples, and priorities related to rural.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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