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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Research methods and resources

Minority Health and Health Disparities Strategic Plan 2021–2025
Planning document presenting goals to address health disparities through scientific research, activities that sustain research, and outreach efforts. Describes health disparity populations, including racial and ethnic minority, rural, less privileged socioeconomic status (SES), and sexual and gender minorities (SGM) populations. Outlines plans to implement research projects and activities, and discusses Leap Forward priority areas that will advance research methods in minority health and health disparities.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), National Institutes of Health
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Preliminary Evaluation of Nonresponse Bias Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic on National Health Interview Survey Estimates, April-June 2020
Examines potential nonresponse bias for the National Health Interview Survey associated with a shift to telephone-only interviewing due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Includes data on changes in response rates for metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): James M. Dahlhamer, Matthew D. Bramlett, Aaron Maitland, Stephen J. Blumberg
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Combating Antimicrobial Resistance and Protecting the Miracle of Modern Medicine
Examines antimicrobial resistance and the problems facing population health, discussing health, economic, and infection prevention burdens. Chapter 5 highlights the University of Washington Tele-ASP program, which connect experts with antimicrobial stewardship teams at rural hospitals through telehealth. Offers recommendations for national action to address antimicrobial resistance.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Date: 2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Health Services and Primary Care Research Study
Presents the results of a study on the contributions of federally-funded health services research and primary care research through the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs from FY 2012-2018. Identifies opportunities for coordination and gaps in funding, methods and dissemination. Provides recommendations on how to maximize future funding of health services and primary care research. Includes rural references throughout.
Author(s): Peter Mendel, Courtney A. Gidengil, Andrada Tomoaia-Cotisel, et al.
Date: 2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RAND Corporation
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Hearing Norton Sound: Community Involvement in the Design of a Mixed Methods Community Randomized Trial in 15 Alaska Native Communities
Describes a community-based research project examining a telemedicine cell-phone based screening process to improve early detection and treatment of childhood hearing loss in rural Alaska. Community stakeholders assisted in shaping the research question, measurable outcomes, and project procedures. Serves as a model for community-based research in rural communities.
Author(s): Samantha Kleindienst Robler, S. Meade Inglis, Joseph J. Gallo, et al.
Citation: Research Involvement and Engagement, 6(67)
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
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Limited Access to Health Data on American Indian and Alaska Natives Impedes Population Health Insights
Presents a study on the lack of data on the health of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations. Evaluates 8 different sets of population health data for AI/AN-specific data. Features an infographic outlining the findings.
Additional links: Infographic
Author(s): Tara L. Becker, Susan H. Babey, Riti Shimkhada, et al.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
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A Non-Randomized Pilot Study to Test the Feasibility of Treating Chronic Pain and Opioid Prescription Use in Rural Areas with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (T-PACT)
Describes a pilot study examining research feasibility, methods, and processes for administering acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a treatment for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) and a possible alternative to prescribed opioids. The research team included four Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) hubs that administered the study in rural areas of New Mexico, North Carolina, Kansas, and Kentucky. Discusses survey data and lessons learned from the pilot study, including unexpected barriers to participation.
Author(s): Robert L Rhyne, Heidi Rishel Brakey, Jacquie R. Halladay, et al.
Citation: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science, 4(5), 472-476
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
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The American Opioid Epidemic in Special Populations: Five Examples
Report on the disproportionate impacts of the opioid crisis on certain populations, including those involved with the criminal justice system, rural populations, veterans, young adults, and individuals who inject drugs. Offers statistical data for each group and discussion of opioid use disorder and mortality, barriers to treatment, promising strategies to address treatment issues, and research and policy priorities. Section on rural populations offers data on drug overdose deaths, rates of opioid prescription, and the association between economic distress and opioid-involved deaths.
Author(s): Carlos Blanco, Mir M. Ali, Aaron Beswick, et al.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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Implementing Evidence-Based Interventions for Cancer Prevention and Control in Critical Access Hospitals
Toolkit designed to provide Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) with necessary information and resources to develop, implement, and evaluate evidence-based interventions (EBIs) to prevent cancer. Includes worksheets for community assessment and EBI implementation and evaluation.
Author(s): Natoshia Askelson, Grace Ryan
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network
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Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data: What Users of Data for Rural Areas Need to Know
An overview of what data users need to know about working with American Community Survey (ACS) data for rural areas. Addresses how rural is defined, the use of 5-year estimates, strategies to produce reliable estimates for rural communities, where to access rural ACS estimates, and case studies of rural data use.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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