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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Research methods and resources

Innovation in Cancer Care and Cancer Research in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Proceedings of a Workshop
Shares insights from a virtual workshop that looked at short- and long-term adjustments to cancer care delivery and cancer research during the pandemic. Includes information on rural and tribal cancer care access. Discusses telehealth for cancer care, both during the pandemic and as a tool to improve access to care going forward.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): National Cancer Policy Forum
Date: 2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Traumatic Brain Injury: A Roadmap for Accelerating Progress
Provides an overview of traumatic brain injury (TBI) research. Offers recommendations to accelerate research progress and improve TBI care. Chapter 3 includes a section on TBI outcomes and access to care in rural compared to urban areas.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Committee on Accelerating Progress in Traumatic Brain Injury Research and Care
Date: 2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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A Cross-Sectional Survey of Potential Factors, Motivations, and Barriers Influencing Research Participation and Retention Among People Who Use Drugs in the Rural USA
Study examining research participation and retention among rural people who use drugs (PWUD) based on surveys of 255 research cohort members from Oregon, Kentucky, and Ohio. Examines participant demographics, drug use history, factors influencing research participation, and barriers and motivators related to research retention.
Author(s): Angela T. Hetrick, April M. Young, Miriam R. Elman, et al.
Citation: Trials, 22, 948
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
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Growing Rural Outreach through Veteran Engagement (GROVE)
Describes the Center for Growing Rural Outreach through Veteran Engagement (GROVE) program, which develops capacity and resources for Veterans Affairs researchers and staff to be more inclusive of rural Veteran populations. GROVE also serves as a resource center to support projects interested in including veteran engagement in their methods and promotes veteran engagement in Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D) via the HSR&D Veteran Engagement Workgroup, at the Center of Innovation level, and by incorporating Veteran engagement methods in their own HSR&D-funded research.
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: VA Health Services Research & Development Service
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Population Denominator Data Sources and Data for Use with HCUP Databases (Updated with 2020 Population Data)
Identifies sources of population data that can be used with Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) databases to calculate rates of hospital care events per population. Includes rural-urban population data sources. Appendix A, Tables A.6 and A.7 provide U.S. population figures from 2000 through 2020 for a 4-category urban-rural definition and a 6-category urban-rural definition.
Additional links: Appendix
Author(s): Marguerite Barrett, Rosanna M. Coffey, Katharine Levit
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Examining Child Maltreatment Reports Using Linked County-Level Data
Report examining the insights that county-level data can provide on child maltreatment based on various national sources, including the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS), the U.S. Census, and others. Investigates rural-specific data and rural/nonrural comparisons in associations between risk factors, report rates, child poverty, and child maltreatment.
Author(s): Brenda Smith, Qingyi Li, Kun Wang
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Mathematica, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Linking Administrative Data to Improve Understanding of Child Maltreatment Incidence and Related Risk and Protective Factors: A Feasibility Study
Examines the feasibility of linking data from local, state, and federal administrative agencies, such as child welfare, health, social service, education, and others, in order to produce new information on child maltreatment. Discusses rural-specific data concerns.
Author(s): Andrea Mraz Esposito, Claire Smither Wulsin, Leah Pranschke, Andrew Burwick, Rebekka Nickman
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Mathematica, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Defining "Rural" for the Study on Human Services Programs in Rural Contexts
Report describing the impacts of rural definitions on research design and methods for a study of human services delivery in rural areas. Addresses U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural-Urban Continuum Codes, rural regions, and the limitations of certain definitions.
Author(s): Dallas Elgin, James Murdoch, Corianne Payton Scally, Heather Hahn
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: 2M Research, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Urban Institute
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At the Heart of Community-Engaged Research in Halifax County, N.C.
Describes a research project through North Carolina Central University (NCCU) that examines health disparities in rural Halifax County, NC and that places emphasis on building trust between researchers and the community. Discusses community-engaged research methodologies and the process of training researchers to conduct such research.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities
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Research Policy Update - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Partnering with Tribal Nations on Research
Features frequently asked questions for groups interested in partnering with tribal nations on research projects. Discusses tribal Institutional Review Board (IRB) approvals, working with the Indian Health Service (IHS), and publishing research results, among other topics.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Congress of American Indians Policy Research Center
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