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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Research methods and resources

Navajo Philosophies and Worldviews Shape Focus Groups on the Impacts of a Mine Spill
Describes collaborative research that incorporated Navajo philosophy and worldviews into focus group examinations of the Gold King Mine spill of 2015, which impacted a river that flows through the Navajo Nation. Discusses the project's development, building community buy-in, and examining socio-cultural impacts of the disaster.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health
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NIH Community Engagement Alliance (CEAL) Against COVID-19 Disparities
Fact sheets and other resources to help communities most impacted by COVID-19 and encourage involvement in addressing COVID-19 disparities. Covers basic information on COVID-19, vaccination, clinical trials, and the importance of diversity and inclusion in research.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Institutes of Health
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A Cross-Sectional Survey of Potential Factors, Motivations, and Barriers Influencing Research Participation and Retention Among People Who Use Drugs in the Rural USA
Study examining research participation and retention among rural people who use drugs (PWUD) based on surveys of 255 research cohort members from Oregon, Kentucky, and Ohio. Examines participant demographics, drug use history, factors influencing research participation, and barriers and motivators related to research retention.
Author(s): Angela T. Hetrick, April M. Young, Miriam R. Elman, et al.
Citation: Trials, 22, 948
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
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Growing Rural Outreach through Veteran Engagement (GROVE)
Describes the Center for Growing Rural Outreach through Veteran Engagement (GROVE) program, which develops capacity and resources for Veterans Affairs researchers and staff to be more inclusive of rural Veteran populations. GROVE also serves as a resource center to support projects interested in including veteran engagement in their methods and promotes veteran engagement in Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D) via the HSR&D Veteran Engagement Workgroup, at the Center of Innovation level, and by incorporating Veteran engagement methods in their own HSR&D-funded research.
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: VA Health Services Research & Development Service
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Population Denominator Data Sources and Data for Use with HCUP Databases (Updated with 2020 Population Data)
Identifies sources of population data that can be used with Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) databases to calculate rates of hospital care events per population. Includes rural-urban population data sources. Appendix A, Tables A.6 and A.7 provide U.S. population figures from 2000 through 2020 for a 4-category urban-rural definition and a 6-category urban-rural definition.
Additional links: Appendix
Author(s): Marguerite Barrett, Rosanna M. Coffey, Katharine Levit
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Methods Applying AHRQ Quality Indicators to Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Data for the 2021 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report (NHQDR)
Describes the preparation of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) data for use in the 2021 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report, which includes information on priority populations such as rural residents. Includes information on HCUP-based measures related urban-rural location.
Author(s): M. Barrett, J. McCartey, T. Kenney, L. Liang
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Defining "Rural" for the Study on Human Services Programs in Rural Contexts
Report describing the impacts of rural definitions on research design and methods for a study of human services delivery in rural areas. Addresses U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural-Urban Continuum Codes, rural regions, and the limitations of certain definitions.
Author(s): Dallas Elgin, James Murdoch, Corianne Payton Scally, Heather Hahn
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: 2M Research, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Urban Institute
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At the Heart of Community-Engaged Research in Halifax County, N.C.
Describes a research project through North Carolina Central University (NCCU) that examines health disparities in rural Halifax County, NC and that places emphasis on building trust between researchers and the community. Discusses community-engaged research methodologies and the process of training researchers to conduct such research.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities
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Research Policy Update - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Partnering with Tribal Nations on Research
Features frequently asked questions for groups interested in partnering with tribal nations on research projects. Discusses tribal Institutional Review Board (IRB) approvals, working with the Indian Health Service (IHS), and publishing research results, among other topics.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Congress of American Indians Policy Research Center
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NIH Rural Health Seminar: Structural-Level Determinants of Rural Health Disparities
Recording of a seminar that examines structural-level determinants of rural health disparities, including sociocultural and economic determinants, physical environmental determinants, and research, evaluation, measurement, and policy methods and implications.
Additional links: Seminar Agenda, Speaker Biographies
Date: 11/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organizations: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health
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