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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Research methods and resources

A Design and Dissemination Studio: Engaging Stakeholders in Research on Rural Health Professions Education and Training
Video explaining a community-engaged approach to the design and implementation of research in rural health professions education, adapted from a process originally designed to engage community members in cancer research. Describes studio objectives and structure of the process.
Author(s): Randall Longenecker
Date: 06/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural PREP
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Exploring the Role of Critical Health Literacy in Addressing the Social Determinants of Health
Brief reporting on a workshop held by the Roundtable on Health Literacy that explored Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) and health literacy to serve vulnerable communities. Discusses SDOH models, research methods to engage communities, and critical health literacy. Project examples include work with rural Native American communities.
Author(s): Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Indicators of Rurality: How Should We Define "Rural" and "Urban" Communities?
Provides an overview of six federal datasets and how each is used to classify urban and rural communities. Offers recommendations for how to use each indicator of rurality.
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Institute for People Place and Possibility
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A Tribal Citizen Science Project Benefits Drinking Water Quality and Builds Local Capacity
Discusses a participatory project to improve drinking water quality in rural Maine, including a partnership between researchers and the Passamaquoddy Tribal government. Describes efforts to build trust and conduct community-engaged research.
Citation: Partnerships for Environmental Public Health Newsletter, 12(5)
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
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NIH Community Engagement Alliance (CEAL) Against COVID-19 Disparities
Fact sheets and other resources to help communities most impacted by COVID-19 and encourage involvement in addressing COVID-19 disparities. Covers basic information on COVID-19, vaccination, clinical trials, and the importance of diversity and inclusion in research.
Date: 05/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Institutes of Health
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State Health Disparities Research in Rural America: Gaps and Future Directions in an Era of COVID-19
Discusses research methods and partnerships to address rural health disparities. Highlights recommendations from a national workshop on rural health disparities, including community participation in rural health research, innovative research design, interventions that are relevant to rural challenges, and cultural competence in rural research.
Author(s): Lisa Cacari Stone, Mary C. Roary, Augusto Diana, Patricia A. Grady
Citation: The Journal of Rural Health
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
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Minority Health and Health Disparities Strategic Plan 2021–2025
Planning document presenting goals to address health disparities through scientific research, activities that sustain research, and outreach efforts. Describes health disparity populations, including racial and ethnic minority, rural, less privileged socioeconomic status (SES), and sexual and gender minorities (SGM) populations. Outlines plans to implement research projects and activities, and discusses Leap Forward priority areas that will advance research methods in minority health and health disparities.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), National Institutes of Health
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Wireless Substitution: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, January-June 2020
Provides data on households that rely on wireless telephones rather than landlines. Includes data on the percent of adults who live in wireless-only households and have their own wireless telephone, as well as data on phoneless adults. Provides data for nonmetropolitan compared to metropolitan areas. Discuses the need for surveys to include adequate representation of wireless-only households. Includes a section on the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on data collection.
Additional links: Past Reports
Author(s): Stephen J. Blumberg, Julian V. Luke
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Preliminary Evaluation of Nonresponse Bias Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic on National Health Interview Survey Estimates, April-June 2020
Examines potential nonresponse bias for the National Health Interview Survey associated with a shift to telephone-only interviewing due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Includes data on changes in response rates for metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): James M. Dahlhamer, Matthew D. Bramlett, Aaron Maitland, Stephen J. Blumberg
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Mastering Complex Geographies on data.census.gov
Webinar recording discusses how to use the data.census.gov mapping feature to identify complex geographies. Highlights tips and tricks for identifying and mapping different datasets on rural and tribal areas.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Webinar Transcript
Date: 12/2020
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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