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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Rural-urban differences

Findings and Lessons from the Improving Quality Through Clinician Use of Health IT Grant Initiative
Details the findings of 24 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) funded projects, both in rural and urban settings, examining how health information technology (HIT) applications can assist healthcare providers in providing evidence-based care. Discusses multiple factors related to improving quality through HIT, including supporting clinical workflow and coordinating care.
Date: 09/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Household Food Security in the United States in 2012
Presents statistics on households' food security, food expenditures, and use of food and nutrition assistance programs throughout 2012. Food insecurity is more common in large cities and rural areas than in suburban areas.
Additional links: Report Summary
Author(s): Alisha Coleman-Jensen, Mark Nord, Anita Singh
Date: 09/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings
Presents results of the 2012 survey on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco in the civilian, noninstitutionalized population of youth and adults. Statistics are available according to region and by county geographic type (metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas).
Date: 09/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Suicide in Minnesota - 2011 Data Brief
Highlights suicide data collected from death certificates in 2011 among Minnesota residents. Includes data on suicide rates by rural versus urban location, gender, age, and county.
Author(s): M. Heinen, J. Roesler, A. Gaichas, M. Kinde
Date: 09/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Minnesota Department of Health
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Rural-Urban Differences in Health Behaviors and Implications for Health Status Among U.S. Cancer Survivors
Examines health behavior differences among rural and urban cancer survivors in the U.S. Determines associations between self-reported health status and health-related unemployment and associations between health behaviors and health status. Includes rural versus urban information on marital status, race/ethnicity, education, cancer type, health insurance, employment, BMI, smoking habits, alcohol use, and physical activity.
Author(s): Kathryn E. Weaver, Nynikka Palmer, Lingyi Lu, L. Douglas Case, Ann M. Geiger
Citation: Cancer Causes and Control, 24(8), 1481-1490
Date: 08/2013
Type: Document
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Rural Disparities in the Distribution of Policies That Support Healthy Eating in US Secondary Schools
Highlights a study on food and nutrition policies in secondary schools drawing on data from the 2008 School Health Profiles principal survey from 28 states. Compares results by urban, suburban, and rural geographic areas.
Author(s): Marilyn S. Nanney, Cynthia S. Davey, Martha Y. Kubik
Citation: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(8), 1062-1068
Date: 08/2013
Type: Document
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Rural-Urban Disparities in Quality of Life among Patients with COPD
Compares the health status of rural and urban patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and identifies the factors associated with differences in two different locations.
Author(s): Bradford E. Jackson, David B. Coultas, Sumihiro Suzuki, Karan P. Singh, Sejong Bae
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 29(1), 62-69
Date: 08/2013
Type: Document
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Rural Implications of Changes to the Medicare Hospice Benefit
Policy brief highlights an April 2013 meeting in Grand Junction, Colorado, of the National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services. Presents the committee's recommendations and analyses of ACA provisions which may have rural implications regarding challenges and innovations in hospice and palliative care in rural and frontier areas.
Date: 08/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services
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Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by School Lunch Participants: Implications for the Success of New Nutrition Standards
Shows results of a study that explores whether or not students ate more fruits and vegetables in schools that offered them as part of the new school nutrition standards, compared to those in schools that did not. Compares urban, suburban, and rural data on several factors.
Additional links: Report Summary
Author(s): Constance Newman
Date: 08/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Formative Evaluation for a Healthy Corner Store Initiative in Pitt County, North Carolina: Engaging Stakeholders for a Healthy Corner Store Initiative, Part 2
Examines the feasibility of increasing access to healthy foods available in corner stores by engaging corner store owners and customers in a formative evaluation to gather information to be used in the Communities Putting Prevention to Work (CPPW) initiative. Includes shopping pattern and characteristic data on 179 rural food desert and urban nonfood desert customers in 9 corner stores in North Carolina.
Author(s): Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Karamie R. Bringolf, Cameron L. Lloyd, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 10
Date: 07/2013
Type: Document
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