Skip to main content

Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Rural-urban differences

Differences Between Rural and Urban Areas in Mortality Rates for the Leading Causes of Infant Death: United States, 2013–2015
Examines mortality rates for the five leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death for rural, small and medium urban, and large urban counties, based on location of the mother's residence. Causes examined are congenital malformations, low birthweight, sudden infant death syndrome, maternal complications, and unintentional injuries.
Additional links: Questions for the Author, NCHStats blog
Author(s): Danielle M. Ely, Donna L. Hoyert
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
view details
National Trends in Drinking Water Quality Violations
Examines patterns in health-related violations in the Safe Drinking Water Act by analyzing data from 17,900 community water systems from 1982-2015. Identifies vulnerability factors in communities and water systems. Includes a rural and urban comparison of total violations by water system, and county-level information on violation hot spots and spatial trends in community water systems.
Author(s): Maura Allaire, Haowei Wu, Upmanu Lall
Location: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of American, 2018
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
view details
The Health Center Program Is Increasing Access to Care Through Telehealth
Provides a snapshot showing how community health centers utilize telehealth to expand access to quality healthcare. Includes data comparing how rural and urban health centers use telehealth to provide different types of healthcare services.
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of Community Health Centers
view details
Inpatient Stays Involving Atrial Fibrillation, 1998-2014
Examines inpatient stays involving atrial fibrillation among adults from 1998 through 2014. Includes data by location of patient residence for large metropolitan, small metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural areas.
Author(s): Elisabeth Kato, Quyen Ngo-Metzger, Kathryn R. Fingar, Kimberly W. McDermott, Anne Elixhauser
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
view details
Rural Health Care Costs: Are They Higher and Why Might They Differ from Urban Health Care Costs?
Explores issues surrounding healthcare costs and investigates differences between rural and urban expenditures. Includes statistics on Medicare fee-for-service expenditures in 2014 with breakdowns by metropolitan and non-metropolitan status.
Author(s): Dunc Williams, Mark Holmes
Location: North Carolina Medical Journal, 79(1), 51-55
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
view details
Distance and Networks: A Regional Analysis of Health Insurance Marketplaces
Examines whether Rating Area design and network adequacy standards have contributed to the level of success of Health Insurance Marketplaces in rural areas in terms of enrollment and affordability. Uses 2015-2016 data from 15 Midwestern states, on participation, premiums, and enrollment success.
Author(s): Abigail R. Barker, Alena R. Wheeler, Leah M. Kemper, Timothy D. McBride, Keith J. Mueller
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute
view details
DataGram: Number of Reported Flu Cases in Pennsylvania
Highlights the reported flu cases in Pennsylvania from the 2006-07 flu season to the 2017-18 season in both rural and urban areas. Details the number of reported cased in 2017-18 by county.
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
view details
Telemedicine in the Management of Type 1 Diabetes
Describes a study in which 32 patients with type 1 diabetes who live in rural Alabama and Georgia received endocrinology care from an Atlanta telehealth clinic, from June 2014 to October 2016. Includes demographic statistics on patients and presence of other diseases and medical conditions.
Author(s): Timothy Xu, Shreya Pujara, Sarah Sutton, Mary Rhee
Location: Preventing Chronic Disease, 15
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
view details
2018 OPPS Medicare Part B Payment Impact Analysis
Examines how changes to the CY 2018 Medicare Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) will impact hospitals' net Part B payments. Discusses the payment reduction for drugs purchased through the 340B Program and how the reduction will affect rural and urban hospitals. Includes a state-by-state analysis of aggregate impacts.
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Avalere
view details
QuickStats: Percentage of Emergency Department Visits for Acute Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infection That Had an Antimicrobial Ordered or Prescribed, by Metropolitan Statistical Area — United States, 2008–2015
Bar chart showing metropolitan and nonmetropolitan emergency department visits for acute viral upper respiratory tract infection that had an antimicrobial ordered or prescribed, with data for 2008–2011 compared to 2012–2015.
Location: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 67(3), 111
Date: 01/2018
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
view details