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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Rural-urban differences

COVID-19 Cases and Deaths, Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties Over Time (Update)
Presents charts to compare COVID-19 incidence and mortality rates in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas from April 1, 2020 - June 15, 2022.
Author(s): Fred Ullrich, Keith Mueller
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
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Confirmed COVID-19 Cases, Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties
Identifies metro and nonmetro counties with one or more confirmed cases of COVID-19. Data is currently updated bimonthly.
Additional links: Animated Map: Counties with COVID-19 Cases, Progression Over Time
Author(s): Fred Ullrich, Keith Mueller
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
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A Spatio-Demographic Perspective on the Role of Social Determinants of Health and Chronic Disease in Determining a Population's Vulnerability to COVID-19
Examines the relationship between potential social determinants of health (SDOH), COVID-19, and chronic disease in San Diego County, California, with comparisons among the county's subregional areas which range from urban in the west to rural in the east. Explores which socioeconomic factors associated with COVID-19 and chronic disease rates are potential SDOH. Discusses whether spatial modeling of chronic disease rates can identify communities most vulnerable to COVID-19.
Author(s): Jessica Embury, Ming-Hsiang Tsou, Atsushi Nara, Eyal Oren
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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The Town-Level Prevalence of Chronic Lung Conditions and Death From COVID-19 Among Older Adults in Connecticut and Rhode Island
Examine the association between town-level rates of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and deaths from COVID-19 in 208 towns in Connecticut and Rhode Island. Features county-level maps with shadings showing prevalence of asthma and COPD, and statistics with breakdown by rural location.
Author(s): Taylor Jansen, Chae Man Lee, Shu Xu, Nina M. Silverstein, Elizabeth Dugan
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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Traffic Safety Facts, 2020 Data: Speeding
Contains information on speeding-related and non-speeding-related fatal and non-fatal motor vehicle traffic crashes. Features statistics on rates of injury and death, sex and age group of speeding drivers, previous 5-year driving records of speeding drivers, alcohol involvement, time of day and weekday or weekend, roadway surface condition, and roadway function class, with breakdowns including interstate rural and non-interstate rural.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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Costs of Evidence-Based Early Childhood Home Visiting: Results from the Mother and Infant Home Visiting Program Evaluation
Examines how resources are allocated at Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program-funded local home visiting programs. Estimates the costs for each family served in Mother and Infant Home Visiting Program Evaluation (MIHOPE) and how these costs differ across families, local programs, and evidence-based models. Includes data comparing programs that serve only metropolitan, only nonmetropolitan, and both types of counties.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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COVID-19 Vaccine Provider Availability and Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 5–11 Years — United States, November 1, 2021–April 25, 2022
Reports on active COVID-19 vaccine providers and county-level vaccine administration data during November 1, 2021–April 25, 2022 for children 5-11 years of age. Includes county-level maps showing the number of pediatric vaccine providers and vaccination coverage for this age group. Also includes data for noncore, micropolitan, and metropolitan areas.
Author(s): Jennifer DeCuir, Lu Meng, Yi Pan, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(26), 847-851
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Anxiety, Depression, and Access to Mental Health Care by Sexual Orientation and Rurality
Presents a study on rates of anxiety and depression by sexual orientation in relation to access to mental healthcare. Compares rates of anxiety and depression between lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual individuals in rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Courtney Sarkin, Mariana Tuttle, Gilbert Gonzales
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Exploring Metro and Non-Metro Differences in Satisfaction with Services and Community Participation among Low-income Personal Assistance Service Users
Examines differences between metropolitan and non-metropolitan users of personal assistance services (PAS), which allow people who need assistance with activities of daily living to remain in their own homes and communities. Discusses factors associated with PAS satisfaction and community participation.
Author(s): Rayna Sage, Krys Standley, Genna M. Mashinchi
Citation: Frontiers in Rehabilitation Sciences, 3, 876047
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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Maternal Characteristics and Infant Outcomes of Women Born in and Outside the United States: United States, 2020
Describes and compares maternal characteristics and infant outcomes for mothers born in the United States or in regions outside the United States. Includes data by urbanicity of U.S. maternal residence, for nonmetropolitan, small or medium metro, large fringe metro, and large central metro areas, by maternal region and country of birth.
Author(s): Anne K. Driscoll, Claudia P. Valenzuela
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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