Skip to main content

Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Rural-urban differences

Severe Maternal Morbidity and Hospital Transfer Among Rural Residents
Examines hospital transfer rates for rural and urban residents before and after childbirth and the relationship of transfer status and severe maternal morbidity and mortality.
Author(s): Katy Kozhimannil, Julia D. Interrante, Alexandria Kristensen-Cabrera, Carrie Henning-Smith, Regan Theiler
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
view details
Employment Has Grown Faster in Metropolitan Than Nonmetro Counties Since the Great Recession
Line chart showing metropolitan and nonmetro employment growth from 2007 through 2019.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
view details
Rural America at a Glance, 2019 Edition
Provides an overview of social and economic factors affecting rural America, with a focus on trends impacting rural areas after the end of the 2009 recession. Includes data on population, employment and labor force participation, poverty, and income.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
view details
Prevalence and Mortality of Heart Disease and Related Conditions: Disparities Affecting the South, Rural Areas, and American Indian and Alaska Natives
Policy brief describing trends in the prevalence of stroke, angina or coronary heart disease, and heart attack from 2011-2015, and assessing trends in mortality for heart disease and associated conditions from 2006-2016. Explores whether disease-related mortality and prevalence of disease varied across region, rurality, and time period. Features statistics including mortality from congestive heart failure, stroke and cerebrovascular disease, and ischemic heart disease in 2016, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Samuel D. Towne, Jr., Timothy H. Callaghan, Alva O. Ferdinand, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
view details
The Report of the 2019 Southern LGBTQ Health Survey
Results of a convenience sample of 5,617 respondents detailing their experiences of LGBTQ health and healthcare in the South. Features demographics and self-reported statistics on physical and mental health ratings, healthcare quality, abuse and violence, insurance, dental care, HIV diagnoses, and disparities in reported health ratings by urban or rural location.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Chase Harless, Megan Nanney, Austin H. Johnson, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Southern LGBTQ Health Initiative, Western North Carolina Community Health Services
view details
Lung Cancer Incidence in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Counties — United States, 2007–2016
Reports on lung cancer incidence rates in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties, with data by sex and by age at diagnosis. Includes data for 2007 and 2016, as well as the change in rate from 2007 to 2016. Discusses strategies to reduce exposure to lung cancer risk factors and how those strategies might be targeted to decrease disparities.
Author(s): Mary Elizabeth O'Neil, S. Jane Henley, Elizabeth A. Rohan, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(44), 993-998
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
view details
Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties — United States, 2010–2017
Reports on the rural-urban disparities regarding potentially preventable deaths caused by heart disease, cancer, unintentional injury, chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD), and stroke for populations less than 80 years of age. Updates a January 2017 report on the same topic, with the new report using a 6-level urban-rural classification scheme and adding additional years and annual percentage change information.
Additional links: Supplementary Table 1: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 2: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 3: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro, Supplementary Table 4: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro
Author(s): Macarena C. Garcia, Lauren M. Rossen, Brigham Bastian, et al.
Citation: MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 68(10), 1-11
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
view details
Growth and Distribution of Child Psychiatrists in the United States: 2007-2016
Results of a study exploring trends in the growth and distribution of child psychiatrists in the United States from 2007-2016, noting differences in access in urban and rural areas. Includes statistics on the numbers of children and child psychiatrists in each state, and a county-level map showing the percent of change during the decade studied.
Author(s): Ryan K. McBain, Aaron Kofner, Bradley D. Stein, et al.
Citation: Pediatrics, 144(6)
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
view details
Poverty Rates in 2017 Were Highest for Children, Particularly Among Those Living in Rural Areas
Bar chart showing rural and urban poverty rates by age group. Includes data for children under 5 years, all children under 18 years of age, working age adults (18-64 years), and seniors (65 and older).
Date: 11/2019
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
view details
The Opioid Hydra: Understanding Overdose Mortality Epidemics and Syndemics Across the Rural-Urban Continuum
Documents the trends in drug overdose mortality by opioid type along the rural‐urban continuum. Identifies the opioid overdose mortality epidemics and opioid syndemic mortality rates by core-based statistical area (metropolitan and non-metropolitan county). Discusses the socioeconomic indicators including demographic, drug risk, and economic characteristics of communities affected by the different classes of opioid overdose epidemics.
Author(s): David J. Peters, Shannon M. Monnat, Andrew L. Hochstetler, et al.
Citation: Rural Sociology, 2019, 1-3
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
view details