Skip to main content

Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Rural-urban differences

Nonfatal Drug Overdoses Treated in Emergency Departments — United States, 2016–2017
Examines nonfatal overdoses for all drugs, all opioids, nonheroin opioids, heroin, benzodiazepines, and cocaine. Looks at changes from 2016 to 2017, with data by drug type, patient, facility, and visit characteristics. Includes data by county urbanization level for metropolitan and nonmetro counties.
Author(s): Alana M. Vivolo-Kantor, Brooke E. Hoots, Lawrence Scholl, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(13), 371-376
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
view details
Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Involving Traumatic Brain Injury, 2017
Examines initial and subsequent traumatic brain injury (TBI) related inpatient stays and treat-and-release emergency department (ED) visits. Includes data by location of patient residence for metropolitan, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote areas.
Author(s): Lawrence D. Reid, Kathryn R. Fingar
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
view details
Hospital Readiness for COVID-19: Analysis of Bed Capacity and How It Varies Across the Country
Examines the distribution of hospital beds at the county-level in order to help local officials identify areas with the greatest need for inpatient beds during the COVID-19 outbreak. Discusses the development of an interactive county-by-county map to display hospital bed capacity. Highlights differences in capacity between nonprofit versus for-profit hospitals and rural versus urban hospitals. Provides recommendations for increasing hospitals' surge capacity.
Additional links: Understanding Hospital Bed Capacities Nationwide amid COVID-19
Author(s): Fredric Blavin, Diane Amos
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Urban Institute
view details
Confirmed COVID-19 Cases, Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties
Identifies metro and nonmetro counties with one or more confirmed cases of COVID-19. Data will be updated frequently.
Additional links: Animated Map: Counties with COVID-19 Cases, Progression Over Time
Author(s): Fred Ullrich, Keith Mueller
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
view details
Selecting Rural Data in data.census.gov
Step-by-step guide showing two methods for selecting rural data from the U.S. Census Bureau's data.census.gov tool, which provides access to a wide range of statistics describing the U.S. population. Shows how to easily identify data for use in rural health grant applications, community health needs assessments, and more.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
view details
Genotyping and Subtyping Cryptosporidium To Identify Risk Factors and Transmission Patterns — Nebraska, 2015–2017
Examines the genetic diversity of Cryptosporidium in Nebraska, looking at the distribution of cases of cryptosporidiosis caused by Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis in rural and urban settings. Reports on rural cases due to animal exposures and urban cases in child care facilities.
Author(s): Brianna K. Loeck, Caitlin Pedati, Peter C. Iwen, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(12), 335-338
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
view details
Patterns and Characteristics of Methamphetamine Use Among Adults — United States, 2015–2018
Reports on methamphetamine use rates in the U.S. and identifies characteristics associated with past-year methamphetamine use. Includes data on past-year meth use by county of residence for large metropolitan, small metro, and nonmetro counties.
Author(s): Christopher M. Jones, Wilson M. Compton, Desiree Mustaquim
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(12), 317-323
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
view details
Washington State's 2019 Registered Nurse Workforce
Reports on the existing registered nurse (RN) workforce supply in the state of Washington. Highlights the characteristics, distribution, qualifications, and practice settings of RNs using data collected from a 2019 Nursys e-Notify survey conducted by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) and from state license renewals.
Author(s): Benjamin A. Stubbs, Susan M. Skillman
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington
view details
Occupancy Rates in Rural and Urban Hospitals: Value and Limitations in Use as a Measure of Surge Capacity
Compares the acute care and intensive care unit occupancy rates between rural and urban hospitals. Presents state-by-state and national data. Explores the challenges of using this data to identify surge capacity in preparation of an increase in patient volume due to COVID-19.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
view details
Exploring State Data Sources to Monitor Rural Emergency Medical Services Performance Improvement
Examines potential sources of data that State Flex Programs (SFPs) could utilize to analyze and improve rural emergency medical services (EMS). Discusses challenges facing rural EMS systems and the assessment of these systems by SFPs. Explores how SFPs can support rural EMS data collection initiatives.
Author(s): John Gale, Karen Pearson, Yvonne Jonk
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Flex Monitoring Team, Maine Rural Health Research Center
view details