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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Rural-urban differences

Health Insurance Marketplaces: Issuer Participation and Premium Trends in Rural Places, 2018
Assesses changes in average Health Insurance Marketplace plan premiums from 2014-2018, with emphasis on the variation across rural and urban areas. Includes statistics on premium increases by population density of rating area, distribution of insurance issuers by percentage of counties, rurality, and Medicaid expansion, and rural and urban average adjusted premiums by Medicaid expansion status.
Author(s): Abigail R. Barker, Lindsey Nienstedt, Leah M. Kemper, Timothy D. McBride, Keith J. Mueller
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
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Medicaid Income Eligibility Transitions Among Rural Adults
Research and policy brief examining the extent to which incomes of rural and urban residents shifted above or below the Medicaid expansion eligibility threshold during 2010. Features statistics with breakdowns by expansion and non-expansion states, rural or urban location, and starting income as a percent of federal poverty level.
Author(s): Erika Ziller, Deborah Thayer, Jennifer D. Lenardson
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center
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The HPV Vaccine: Access and Use in the U.S.
Fact sheet discussing HPV and related cancers, HPV vaccines, insurance coverage, and access. Includes statistics from 2011-2015 showing racial and ethnic disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates, and vaccination coverage as of 2016 among female adolescents with breakdowns by urban or rural status and by state.
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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America's Health Centers
Provides a fact sheet with basic information about Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in rural and urban areas. Includes data on the patients they serve.
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of Community Health Centers
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Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening in Health Care Systems Using Evidence-Based Interventions
Evaluation results for the first program year of the Colorectal Cancer Control Program, a CDC-funded initiative intended to increase screening by primary care and gastroenterological providers among medically underserved populations. Features statistics on participating primary care clinics and screening-eligible patient population counts, with breakdowns by metro, urban, and rural locations.
Author(s): Amy DeGroff, Krishna Sharma, Anamika Satsangi, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 15
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
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Rural Hospitals and Medicaid Payment Policy
Fact sheet describing how rural hospitals serve Medicaid beneficiaries and the process through which Medicaid programs pay rural hospitals. Features statistics from 2015 with breakdowns by urban hospitals, Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs), and other rural hospitals.
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
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School District Crisis Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Plans — United States, 2006, 2012, and 2016
Examines crisis preparedness in schools, with data on urban, suburban, town, and rural areas. Includes information on district requirements for school preparedness related to family reunification procedures, pandemic influenza or other infectious disease outbreak response, provisions for special needs or mental health services, and funding for or provision of crisis preparedness training.
Author(s): Judy Kruger, Nancy Brener, Rebecca Leeb, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 67(30), 809-814
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Computer and Internet Use in the United States: 2016
Provides data on computer and Internet use by household characteristics, including location in a metropolitan or nonmetro area, for the nation and by region. Includes information on owning a desktop or laptop computer, owning a smartphone, owning a tablet, having an Internet subscription, and having broadband access.
Author(s): Camille Ryan
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Overview of Pediatric Emergency Department Visits, 2015
Reports on pediatric emergency department (ED) visits in 2015. Compares pediatric and adult ED visits by three types: all ED visits, treat-and-release ED visits, and ED visits resulting hospital admission. Table 2 provides statistics on the type of ED visit and pediatric patient characteristics including patient residence, such as metropolitan, micropolitan, and noncore areas.
Author(s): Kimberly W. McDermott, Carol Stocks, William J. Freeman
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Non-Medical Opioid Use among Rural and Urban Pregnant Women, 2007-2014
Examines data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) from 2007 to 2014 to determine differences in non-medical opioid use among rural and urban pregnant women. Covers policy and practice implications to inform program and clinical efforts to address the crisis.
Author(s): Katy Kozhimannil, Carrie Henning-Smith, Tongtan Chantarat, Tongtan Chantarat, Cresta Jones
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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