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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: The South

Unequal Lives: The State of Black Women and Families in the Rural South
Analyzes the health and well-being of low-income Black women in nine rural counties across Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. Identifies barriers to success and economic security, including poverty, low educational attainment, and inadequate access to public infrastructure, healthcare, and more. Includes statistics and demographics for each of the states and counties included in the study.
Date: 07/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southern Rural Black Women's Initiative
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Rural/Urban Residence, Access, and Perceived Need for Treatment among African American Cocaine Users
Reports findings from a study based on surveys from 400 adult African American cocaine users, half from 2 rural counties and half from 1 urban county in Arkansas. Discusses participants' perceived need for drug use treatment, factors predisposing treatment, and socioeconomic factors that enable or discourage treatment.
Author(s): Tyrone F. Borders, Brenda M. Booth, Katharine E. Stewart, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 31(1), 98-107
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
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Qualitative Evaluation of the Relevance and Acceptability of a Web-Based HIV Prevention Game for Rural Adolescents
Study of the use of online gaming to increase the education and awareness of HIV and its prevention in rural African American youth in the South. Provides data from focus groups, including participants' demographic information and feedback on the game's relevance, acceptability, and essential design elements.
Author(s): Comfort Enah, Kendra Piper, Linda Moneyham
Citation: Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 30(2), 321-328
Date: 2015
Type: Document
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Relationship Between Social Support and Body Mass Index Among Overweight and Obese African American Women in the Rural Deep South, 2011–2013
Reports results from a study undertaken in rural communities of the Alabama Black Belt and the Mississippi Delta. Examines encouragement and discouragement provided to overweight and obese African American women by family and friends related to healthy eating and exercise.
Author(s): Erica R. Johnson, Tiffany L. Carson, Olivia Affuso, Claudia M. Hardy, Monica L. Baskin
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 11
Date: 12/2014
Type: Document
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Assessing Environmental Support for Better Health: Active Living Opportunity Audits in Rural Communities in the Southern United States
Describes the built environment, policies, and availability of facilities for physical activity in eight rural communities, four in Alabama and four in the Mississippi Delta, to inform diet and physical activity interventions. Acts as part of a partnership to eliminate cancer health disparities in the Deep South. Includes community data by Rural Active Living Assessment (RALA) measures, such as sidewalks, destinations, and walk-ability.
Author(s): Jennifer C. Robinson, Tiffany L. Carson, Erica R. Johnson, et al.
Citation: Preventive Medicine, 66, 28-33
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
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Health Coverage and Care in the South: A Chartbook
Provides key data on the demographic and economic characteristics of the Southern population as well as their health status, health insurance coverage, and access to care. Covers data on citizenship status, age, urban-rural composition, and income of residents in the South. Offers data on the number of Rural Health Clinics and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in the South.
Author(s): Jessica Stephens, Alexandra Gates, Vann Newkirk, Laura Snyder
Date: 06/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Farmers' Market Use Is Associated with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Diverse Southern Rural Communities
Examines the socio-demographic characteristics of farmers market participants, the barriers and facilitators to farmers market shopping in southern rural communities, and the associations between farmers market use with fruit and vegetable consumption and body mass index (BMI). Seeks to assess the potential for using farmers markets to increase access to and the consumption of fruits and vegetables in rural areas.
Author(s): Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Alison Gustafson, Qiang Wu, et al.
Citation: Nutrition Journal, 13(1)
Date: 2014
Type: Document
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Religiosity and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among African American Cocaine Users in the Rural South
Reports on a study investigating the association between religious behavior and sexual behavior among African Americans in rural Arkansas who use cocaine.
Author(s): Brooke E.E. Montgomery, Katharine E. Stewart, Karen H.K. Yeary, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 30(3), 284-291
Date: 2014
Type: Document
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Utility of an Interactive Voice Response System to Assess Antiretroviral Pharmacotherapy Adherence among Substance Users Living with HIV/AIDS in the Rural South
Examines a telephone-based interactive voice response self-monitoring system to measure the likelihood of daily HIV medication adherence and effects on rural substance users living with HIV/AIDS.
Author(s): Jalie A. Tucker, Cathy A. Simpson, Jin Huang, David L. Roth, Katharine E. Stewart
Citation: AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 27(5), 280-286
Date: 05/2013
Type: Document
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Area-Level Risk Factors for Adverse Birth Outcomes: Trends in Urban and Rural Settings
Examines whether adverse birth outcomes trends were associated with ZIP code-level percent poverty or percent African-American population, based on a study of Alabama birth records from 1990-2010. Includes data on preterm birth and low birth weight by level of rurality and population density. Includes data on adverse birth outcomes by race/ethnicity, age, education level, and payment method.
Author(s): Shia T. Kent, Leslie A. McClure, Ben F. Zaitchik, Julia M. Gohlke
Citation: BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 13, 129
Date: 2013
Type: Document
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