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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: The South

Assessing Environmental Support for Better Health: Active Living Opportunity Audits in Rural Communities in the Southern United States
Describes the built environment, policies, and availability of facilities for physical activity in eight rural communities, four in Alabama and four in the Mississippi Delta, to inform diet and physical activity interventions. Acts as part of a partnership to eliminate cancer health disparities in the Deep South. Includes community data by Rural Active Living Assessment (RALA) measures, such as sidewalks, destinations, and walk-ability.
Author(s): Jennifer C. Robinson, Tiffany L. Carson, Erica R. Johnson, et al.
Citation: Preventive Medicine, 66, 28-33
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
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Health Coverage and Care in the South: A Chartbook
Provides key data on the demographic and economic characteristics of the Southern population as well as their health status, health insurance coverage, and access to care. Covers data on citizenship status, age, urban-rural composition, and income of residents in the South. Offers data on the number of Rural Health Clinics and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in the South.
Author(s): Jessica Stephens, Alexandra Gates, Vann Newkirk, Laura Snyder
Date: 06/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Farmers' Market Use Is Associated with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Diverse Southern Rural Communities
Examines the socio-demographic characteristics of farmers market participants, the barriers and facilitators to farmers market shopping in southern rural communities, and the associations between farmers market use with fruit and vegetable consumption and body mass index (BMI). Seeks to assess the potential for using farmers markets to increase access to and the consumption of fruits and vegetables in rural areas.
Author(s): Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Alison Gustafson, Qiang Wu, et al.
Citation: Nutrition Journal, 13(1)
Date: 2014
Type: Document
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Religiosity and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among African American Cocaine Users in the Rural South
Reports on a study investigating the association between religious behavior and sexual behavior among African Americans in rural Arkansas who use cocaine.
Author(s): Brooke E.E. Montgomery, Katharine E. Stewart, Karen H.K. Yeary, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 30(3), 284-291
Date: 2014
Type: Document
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Utility of an Interactive Voice Response System to Assess Antiretroviral Pharmacotherapy Adherence among Substance Users Living with HIV/AIDS in the Rural South
Examines a telephone-based interactive voice response self-monitoring system to measure the likelihood of daily HIV medication adherence and effects on rural substance users living with HIV/AIDS.
Author(s): Jalie A. Tucker, Cathy A. Simpson, Jin Huang, David L. Roth, Katharine E. Stewart
Citation: AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 27(5), 280-286
Date: 05/2013
Type: Document
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Area-Level Risk Factors for Adverse Birth Outcomes: Trends in Urban and Rural Settings
Examines whether adverse birth outcomes trends were associated with ZIP code-level percent poverty or percent African-American population, based on a study of Alabama birth records from 1990-2010. Includes data on preterm birth and low birth weight by level of rurality and population density. Includes data on adverse birth outcomes by race/ethnicity, age, education level, and payment method.
Author(s): Shia T. Kent, Leslie A. McClure, Ben F. Zaitchik, Julia M. Gohlke
Citation: BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 13, 129
Date: 2013
Type: Document
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Comparison of Enrollment Rates of African-American Families Into a School-Based Tobacco Prevention Trial Using Two Recruitment Strategies in Urban and Rural Settings
Describes results from using two recruitment approaches targeting rural and urban African-American elementary school families in the South for enrollment in a tobacco prevention program. The intervention used the Facilitate, Open and transparent communication, Shared benefits, Team and tailored, Educate bilaterally, and Relationships, realistic and rewards (FOSTER) approach, which is based on community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles.
Author(s): Martha S. Tingen, Jeannette O. Andrews, Janie Heath, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion, 27(4), e91–e100
Date: 2013
Type: Document
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Qualitative Analysis of Provider Barriers and Solutions to HIV Testing for Substance Users in a Small, Largely Rural Southern State
Reports on a study, completed in Arkansas, to recognize any challenges to integrating HIV testing with substance abuse treatment for rural drug users from the perceptions of the service providers.
Author(s): Patricia B. Wright, Geoffrey M. Curran, Katharine E. Stewart, Brenda M. Booth
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 29(4), 2013
Date: 2013
Type: Document
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Health Risk Behaviors in Insured and Uninsured Community Health Center Patients in the Rural US South
Examines the most common risk-taking behaviors of rural patients of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) and if risk-taking behaviors vary between insured and uninsured patients.
Author(s): K. Bryant Smalley, Jacob Warren, Jeffrey Klibert
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 12(4), 2123
Date: 10/2012
Type: Document
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Smoke-Free Policies at Home, Church, and Work: Smoking Levels and Recent Quit Attempts Among a Southeastern Rural Population, 2007
Examines the effect of smoke-free policies and social support for quitting smoking in the home, at church, and at work for rural African Americans and Whites in 4 Georgia counties.
Author(s): Carla Berg, Deanne W. Swan, Michelle C. Kegler, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 9
Date: 12/2011
Type: Document
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