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Resources by Topic: Vaccination

Challenges with Vaccination Data Hinder State and Local Immunization Program Efforts to Combat COVID-19
Presents results of a December 2021 survey of 56 state and local immunization programs regarding whether they receive individual-level COVID-19 vaccination data from Federal agencies and retail pharmacy partners. Discusses the impact of having incomplete individual-level vaccination data on reaching unvaccinated and vulnerable populations, including rural populations and American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Includes recommendations for the CDC to mitigate data gaps and ensure that state and local immunization programs are aware of existing tools to address vaccination campaign needs.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Office of Inspector General (HHS)
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Early Challenges Highlight Areas for Improvement in COVID-19 Vaccination Programs
Explores challenges faced by 56 state, local, and territorial immunization programs in implementing COVID-19 vaccination programs, including challenges to reaching rural and underserved populations. Discusses mitigation strategies the immunization programs implemented to address those challenges. Includes recommendations for the CDC to improve the efficiency and equity of the COVID-19 vaccination programs.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Office of Inspector General (HHS)
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What Happens When COVID-19 Emergency Declarations End? Implications for Coverage, Costs, and Access
Identifies federal health-related COVID-19 public health emergency (PHE) declarations, the flexibilities each provides, and implications for ending them. Topics covered include COVID-19 testing, treatment, and vaccination; telehealth; Medicaid coverage and federal match rates; Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance flexibilities; and more.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Vaccination Coverage by Age 24 Months Among Children Born During 2018–2019 — National Immunization Survey–Child, United States, 2019–2021
Examines vaccination coverage for selected vaccines and doses among children born in 2018-2019. Supplementary Table 2 includes data for metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Additional links: Supplementary Table 2
Author(s): Holly A. Hill, Michael Chen, Laurie D. Elam-Evans, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 72(2), 33-38
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Racial and Ethnic Differences in COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage Among Children and Adolescents Aged 5–17 Years and Parental Intent to Vaccinate Their Children — National Immunization Survey–Child COVID Module, United States, December 2020–September 2022
Reports on racial and ethnic differences in COVID-19 vaccination status and parental intent to vaccinate for children and adolescents aged 5-17 years. Includes data by urbanicity for those living in metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Madeleine R. Valier, Laurie D. Elam-Evans, Yi Mu, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 72(1), 1-8
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Staffing Crisis Casts Shadow Over Vulnerable Rural Communities: Executive Summary
Summarizes key findings from a series of surveys of rural hospital leaders conducted in 2021 and 2022 regarding staffing shortages. Discusses COVID-19 vaccination and exemptions, nursing shortages and the impact on access to care, and the effectiveness of recruiting incentives on attracting staff.
Author(s): Michael Topchik, Troy Brown, Melanie Pinette, Billy Balfour, Ana Wiesse
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The Chartis Group
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Impact of Healthcare Capacity Disparities on the COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage in the United States: A Cross-Sectional Study
Examines the impact of the local healthcare capacity on vaccination coverage disparities in the U.S. at the county level. Identifies clustered low-vaccination areas in 17 states. Compares healthcare capacity, including social vulnerability, vaccine hesitancy, and medical doctors per capita, between low-vaccination and high-vaccination counties.
Author(s): Diego F. Cuadros, Juan D. Gutierrez, Claudia M. Moreno, et al.
Citation: The Lancet Regional Health - Americas, 18, 100409
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
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America's Health Rankings Annual Report 2022
Provides a national and state-by-state overview of population health by analyzing 51 measures to describe health outcomes in the U.S. and 32 additional measures used to track current and emerging health issues at state and national levels. Examines the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021. Presents findings from the October 2022 COVID-Era Disparities Survey. Explores racial and ethnic disparities throughout, including data on American Indian/Alaska Native populations.
Additional links: Executive Brief
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: United Health Foundation
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COVID-19 Stakeholder Experiences in the Commonwealth of Kentucky - 2022
Results of surveys taken from October-December 2021 by 145 Kentucky school leaders, community health workers and their clients, rural community members, and healthcare providers. Includes statistics on satisfaction with telehealth, testing locations and vaccines, barriers faced during stay-at-home orders, and impact of COVID on medical care.
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky Center of Excellence in Rural Health
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Sociodemographic Variation in Early Uptake of COVID-19 Vaccine and Parental Intent and Attitudes Toward Vaccination of Children Aged 6 Months–4 Years — United States, July 1–29, 2022
Reports on COVID-19 vaccination and parental intent to vaccinate children 6 months to 4 years old. Includes data by place of residence for urban, suburban, and rural areas.
Author(s): Tammy A. Santibanez, Tianyi Zhou, Carla L. Black, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(46), 1479-1484
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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