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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Wellness, health promotion, and disease prevention

Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults From Rural and Urban Areas of the United States: Findings From NHANES (2005–2008)
Examines rural and urban obesity rates using measured height and weight to calculate body mass index, rather than self-reported obesity rates. Also looks at demographics, diet, and physical activity as they relate to obesity for rural and urban residents. Uses data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).
Author(s): Christie A. Befort, Niaman Nazir, Michael G. Perri
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 28(4), 392-397
Date: 2012
Type: Document
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A Community-Driven Approach to Identifying "Winnable" Policies Using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Common Community Measures for Obesity Prevention
Describes a community-based participatory research approach used in two rural North Carolina counties to select obesity prevention strategies, based on the Common Community Measures for Obesity Prevention (COCOMO). Discusses how COCOMO might be adapted for use in rural communities.
Author(s): Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Lauren M. Whetstone, Jean R. Wilkerson, Tosha W. Smith, Alice S. Ammerman
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 9
Date: 2012
Type: Document
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Effects of Rural Residence on VA Care of Persons Living with HIV
Reports on rural-urban differences in the treatment of veterans living with HIV.
Author(s): M.E. Ohl, B. Lund, P. Belperio, et al.
Date: 2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Rural Health Resource Centers
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Antiretroviral Adherence Among Rural Compared to Urban Veterans with HIV Infection in the United States
Studies level of adherence to antiretroviral HIV medications in rural versus urban veteran populations. Discusses factors that may impact the mortality rate for rural veterans.
Author(s): Michael Ohl, Eli Perencevich, D. Keith McInnes, et al.
Date: 2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Rural Health Resource Centers
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Healthy-Lifestyle Behaviors Associated With Overweight and Obesity in US Rural Children
Describes the association between healthy lifestyle behaviors and the prevalence of overweight and obese ethnically and/or racially diverse, rural school-aged children in California, Kentucky, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Examines the following healthy lifestyle behaviors: improving diet quality, obtaining adequate sleep, limiting screen-time viewing, and consulting a physician about a child's weight.
Author(s): Alison Tovar, Kenneth Chui, Raymond R Hyatt, et al.
Citation: BMC Pediatrics, 12, 102
Date: 2012
Type: Document
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Photovoice for Healthy Relationships: Community-Based Participatory HIV Prevention in a Rural American Indian Community
Provides an example of a culturally responsive, community-based project for addressing social determinants of health in rural American Indian communities.
Author(s): Susan F. Markus
Citation: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research Journal, 19(1), 102-123
Date: 2012
Type: Document
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Alaska Native and Rural Youth Views of Sexual Health: A Focus Group Project on Sexually Transmitted Diseases, HIV/AIDS, and Unplanned Pregnancy
Examines the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of rural Alaska youth, both Alaska Native and non-Alaska Native, regarding STDs, HIV/AIDS, and unplanned pregnancy.
Author(s): Jessica D. Leston, Cornelia M. Jessen, Brenna C. Simons
Citation: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research Journal, 19(1), 1-14
Date: 2012
Type: Document
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Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General
Addresses the prevalence, causes, effects, and implications of tobacco use by young people in rural and urban areas. Describes factors that lead youth and young adults to start using tobacco and the impact their choice has on the nation, communities, families, and individuals. Identifies proven, effective strategies that have potential to reduce tobacco use.
Date: 2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Salud es Vida: Development of a Cervical Cancer Education Curriculum for Promotora Outreach With Latina Farmworkers in Rural Southern Georgia
Discusses the development and evaluation of a community health worker curriculum intended to inform Hispanic farmworker women about cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV), and the HPV vaccine.
Author(s): John S. Luque, Mondi Mason, Claudia Reyes-Garcia, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 101(12), 2233-2235
Date: 12/2011
Type: Document
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Smoke-Free Policies at Home, Church, and Work: Smoking Levels and Recent Quit Attempts Among a Southeastern Rural Population, 2007
Examines the effect of smoke-free policies and social support for quitting smoking in the home, at church, and at work for rural African American and White people in 4 Georgia counties.
Author(s): Carla Berg, Deanne W. Swan, Michelle C. Kegler, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 9
Date: 12/2011
Type: Document
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