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Illinois covers 55,584 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 12,802,023 people – 1,468,572 living in rural Illinois (USDA-ERS). Springfield, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Chicago, Aurora, and Rockford. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 77.1% of the state’s population is white, 14.6% is African-American, 5.7% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 17.3% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Illinois Rural Healthcare Facilities

Illinois Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 188 hospitals in Illinois (Kaiser, 2016). The state has 51 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 223 Rural Health Clinics in Illinois (CMS, 2017), and 45 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 413 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Illinois

7% of Illinois residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Illinoisans in 2016 was $51,817, although rural per capita income lagged at $38,687. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Illinois is 14.5%, compared with 12.8% in urban areas of the state. 11.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.7% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Illinois is at 4.9% while in urban Illinois it is at 5.0% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Illinois Center for Rural Health
Phone: 217.782.1624
Works to improve access to primary health care in rural and underserved areas of Illinois and to encourage community involvement in health issues. Serves as an information clearinghouse on rural health issues. Administers scholarship programs for students in the health professions.
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There are more organizations related to Illinois in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 11/29/2016