Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" in honor of President Abraham Lincoln, who lived in the state for most of his life. The state is named for the Illiniwek, a group of Algonquin tribes from the region. Illinois is bordered on the west by the Mississippi River and on the southeast and south by the Wabash and Ohio Rivers. It is in the Great Lakes region of the United States and has shoreline on Lake Michigan. Illinois covers 55,584 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 12,880,580 people – 1,496,980 living in rural Illinois (USDA-ERS). Springfield, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Chicago, Aurora and Rockford. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 77.5% of the state’s population is white, 14.7% is African-American/Black, 5.3% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian, and 16.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2014).

Illinois Rural Healthcare Facilities

Illinois Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 189 hospitals in Illinois (Kaiser, 2014). The state has 51 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 210 Rural Health Clinics in Illinois (CMS, 2015), and 42 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 540 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Illinois

Most Illinoisans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 9% of the state's residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Illinoisans in 2014 was $47,643, although rural per-capita income lagged at $37,236. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Illinois is 14.7%, compared with 14.4% in urban areas of the state. 12.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 12.4% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Illinois is at 7.1% while in urban Illinois it is at 7.0% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Illinois Center for Rural Health
Phone: 217.782.1624
Works to improve access to primary health care in rural and underserved areas of Illinois. The Center for Rural Health is also the Primary Care Office for Illinois and is responsible for designation of provider shortage areas. A division of the Department of Public Health.
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There are more organizations related to Illinois in the organizations section.