Skip to main content


Illinois covers 55,584 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 12,671,821 people – 1,443,236 living in rural Illinois (USDA-ERS). Springfield, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Chicago, Aurora, and Rockford. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 76.8% of the state's population is white, 14.6% is African-American, 5.9% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 17.5% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Illinois Rural Healthcare Facilities

Illinois Rural Healthcare Facilities map

View full-size map

According to, as of April 2021 Illinois had:

  • 51 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 249 Rural Health Clinics
  • 82 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 27 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Illinois

7.3% of Illinois residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Illinoisans in 2019 was $58,764, with the rural per capita income at $43,286. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Illinois is 13.2%, compared with 11.2% in urban areas of the state. 10.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Illinois is at 4.4% while in urban Illinois it is at 3.9% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Illinois Center for Rural Health
Phone: 217.782.1624
Works to improve access to primary healthcare in rural and underserved areas of Illinois and encourages community involvement in health issues. Serves as an information clearinghouse on rural health issues. Administers scholarship programs for students in the health professions.
view details

There are more organizations related to Illinois in the organizations section.