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Rural Health Information Hub


Illinois covers 55,584 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 12,671,469 people – 1,427,612 living in rural Illinois (USDA-ERS). Springfield, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Chicago, Aurora, and Rockford. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 76.3% of the state's population is White, 14.7% is African-American, 6.1% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 18.0% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Illinois Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Illinois

6.5% of Illinois residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Illinoisans in 2020 was $62,930, with the rural per capita income at $47,449. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Illinois is 12.0%, compared with 10.9% in urban areas of the state. 10.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Illinois is at 5.1% while in urban Illinois it is at 6.2% (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Illinois Center for Rural Health
Phone: 217.782.1624
Serves as the State Office of Rural Health (SORH) for Illinois and works to improve access to primary healthcare in rural and underserved areas in the state. Provides consultation and technical assistance to community-based organizations, serves as an information clearinghouse on rural health issues, and administers scholarship programs for students in the health professions.
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There are more organizations related to Illinois in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 4/19/2022