Iowa covers 55,869 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 3,155,070 people - 1,260,285 living in rural Iowa (USDA-ERS). Des Moines, the state capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Des Moines, Davenport, and Cedar Rapids. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 90.7% of the state's population is white, 4.0% is African-American, 2.7% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 6.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Iowa Rural Healthcare Facilities
According to data.HRSA.gov, as of January 2020 Iowa had:
- 82 Critical Access Hospitals
- 196 Rural Health Clinics
- 45 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
- 14 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Iowa
4% of Iowa residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Iowans in 2018 was $50,124, although rural per capita lagged at $48,237. The ERS reports, based on 2018 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Iowa is 11.0%, compared with 11.3% in urban areas of the state. 9.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 7.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Iowa is at 2.8% while in urban Iowa it is at 2.7% (USDA-ERS, 2019).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Helps rural communities and organizations build rural health infrastructure. Supports health systems programming to enhance effectiveness and eliminate health disparities. Provides rural health advocacy and outreach, coordination of rural health resources, and consultation to healthcare communities and providers in rural Iowa.
There are more organizations related to Iowa in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 4/1/2019