Skip to main content


Iowa covers 55,869 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 3,155,070 people - 1,260,285 living in rural Iowa (USDA-ERS). Des Moines, the state capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Des Moines, Davenport, and Cedar Rapids. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 90.6% of the state's population is white, 4.1% is African-American, 2.7% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 6.3% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Iowa Rural Healthcare Facilities

Iowa Rural Healthcare Facilities map

View full-size map

According to, as of October 2020 Iowa had:

  • 81 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 194 Rural Health Clinics
  • 47 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 14 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Iowa

4% of Iowa residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Iowans in 2018 was $50,124, although rural per capita lagged at $48,237. The ERS reports, based on 2018 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Iowa is 11.0%, compared with 11.3% in urban areas of the state. 9.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 7.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Iowa is at 2.8% while in urban Iowa it is at 2.7% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


There are more organizations related to Iowa in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 4/1/2019