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Substance Use and Misuse in Rural Areas – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Substance Use and Misuse in Rural Areas.

Prescription Opioid Tapering Practices and Outcomes at a Rural VA Health Care System
Presents a study on the clinical characteristics of rural veterans using opioids for chronic pain and undergoing opioid tapering. Breaks down data on outcomes from tapering for rural veterans who were taking 90 Morphine Equivalent Daily Dose (MEDD) or more. Highlights common tapering outcomes, such as increased pain, suicidal ideation, and other withdrawal symptoms.
Author(s): Rena Elizabeth Courtney, Emily Halsey, Tanvi Patil, et al.
Citation: Pain Medicine, 25(7), 480-482
Date: 07/2024
Type: Document
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Rural and Urban Differences in Disparities in Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders Affecting Sexual Minority Populations
Examines substance use (SU), substance use disorders (SUD), and SUD treatment in heterosexual and sexual minority populations. Analyzes 2015 to 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data with information broken down by demographics, SU, and large metro, small metro, or nonmetro location.
Author(s): Christina Dyar, Ethan Morgan
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 40(3), 542-556
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
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Evaluation of the Maternal Opioid Misuse (MOM) Model: Third Annual Report (Implementation Year 2)
Provides an overview of the Maternal Opioid Misuse Model, which provides evidence-based integrated care and care coordination for pregnant and postpartum Medicaid beneficiaries with opioid use disorder (OUD). Describes activities MOM Model awardees undertook during the MOM Model's second implementation year, July 1, 2022–June 30, 2023. Discusses barriers pregnant and postpartum people with OUD face in accessing high-quality, continuous care, specifically in rural areas.
Additional links: Findings at a Glance
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Insight Policy Research
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Evaluation of Using Telehealth for Opioid Use Disorders in a Correctional Setting
Report evaluates a telehealth intervention in a rural county jail to provide medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) and therapy to inmates with opioid use disorder (OUD) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Highlights program goals and details data from participant surveys on the intervention's perceived quality and efficacy.
Author(s): Marina Duane, Jennifer Yahner, Malore Dusenbery, Erica Henderson
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Office of Justice Programs
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Association Between Sociodemographics and Change in Alcohol or Tobacco Use Behaviors During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Presents a study exploring the changes in alcohol and tobacco use during the COVID-19 pandemic and aims to identify correlating sociodemographic factors. Breaks down survey data by sociodemographic markers, such as age, race, gender, and rural versus urban location, among other factors.
Author(s): Selam Habtemariam, Chloe M. Hery, Xiaochen Zhang, et al.
Citation: PLoS ONE, 19(5), e0304111
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
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Overdose Responses among Rural People Who Use Drugs: A Multi-Regional Qualitative Study
Analyzes qualitative data from 7 Rural Opioid Initiative studies on peer responses to overdose. Identifies themes related to naloxone administration, overdose reversal strategies, willingness to call 911, perceptions of first responders, and access to medical intervention. Discusses public health approaches to increasing access to care and effectiveness of overdose response in rural areas.
Author(s): Robin Baker, Rob J Fredericksen, Abby E Rudolph, et al.
Citation: Harm Reduction Journal, 21, 107
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
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Tribally-Led Mobile Outreach: Improving Access to Harm Reduction Services in One Rural Reservation Community
Presents a study on the efficacy of a tribally-run mobile outreach service to deliver opioid harm reduction information and services. Breaks down type of services offered, the organizational reach, and population served.
Author(s): Allyson Kelley, Kellie Webb, Katherine Hirchak, et al.
Citation: Frontiers in Public Health, 12, 1383729
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
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A Look at the Latest Alcohol Death Data and Change Over the Last Decade
Describes findings from an analysis of 2012 to 2022 CDC WONDER data regarding trends in deaths caused by conditions directly attributable to alcohol consumption, also referred to as alcohol-induced deaths or alcohol deaths. Presents data on alcohol death rates in 2022 and over time by race and ethnicity, age, sex, state, and rurality. Discusses factors that may contribute to increases in alcohol deaths since 2012.
Author(s): Heather Saunders, Robin Rudowitz
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: KFF
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Housing for Rural Residents Recovering from Substance Use Disorders
Presents a study featuring a number of programs providing housing for substance use disorder (SUD) recovery in rural communities. Discusses three different case studies on programs in MN, OR, and WV. Highlights the community need, organizational structure, and key features of each program.
Author(s): Katie Rydberg, Ingrid Jacobson, Mariana Tuttle, et al.
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Primary Care Providers' Experiences Treating Opioid Use Disorder Using Telehealth in the Height of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Presents a study of the experiences of primary care providers who used telehealth for opioid use disorder treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Draws on the insights of participants from rural and urban counties in Kentucky and Arkansas and compares the experiences of rural and urban providers.
Author(s): Sarah Alexandra Marshall, Lachan E. Siebenmorgen, Nickolas Zaller, et al.
Citation: Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 15
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Last Updated: 7/8/2024