Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub

Telehealth Use in Rural Healthcare – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Telehealth Use in Rural Healthcare.

State Telehealth Laws and Reimbursement Policies Report, Fall 2022
Bi-annual summary report on telehealth policies as of October 2022. Covers Medicaid reimbursement, private payer laws, and professional requirements.
Additional links: Executive Summary, Infographic, State Summary Chart
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Connected Health Policy: The National Telehealth Policy Resource Center
view details
Telemedicine Use Among Adults: United States, 2021
Reports on the percent of adults who used telemedicine in the past 12 months. Includes data on telemedicine use for those living in metropolitan, micropolitan, and noncore areas.
Author(s): Jacqueline W. Lucas, Maria A. Villarroel
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
view details
Medicare Telehealth Trends Report
Describes the trends of telehealth utilization among Medicare beneficiaries between January 1, 2020, and March 31, 2022. Presents data on the percentage of Medicare beneficiaries that used a telehealth service by calendar quarter and by race/ethnicity, Medicaid eligibility, type of Medicare eligibility, sex, age group, and rural/urban residence.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
view details
Medicare Telehealth: Actions Needed to Strengthen Oversight and Help Providers Educate Patients on Privacy and Security Risks
Analyzes 2019 and 2020 Medicare claims data to explore the utilization of telehealth services before and after the implementation of regulatory flexibilities and waivers in March 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Describes efforts taken by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to identify and monitor risks posed by Medicare telehealth waivers, as well as a change made to the enforcement of regulations governing patients' protected health information during the COVID-19 public health emergency. Offers three recommendations to CMS to strengthen oversight and assess the quality of telehealth services and one recommendation regarding assistance to providers to explain the privacy and security risks of telehealth to patients.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
view details
Receipt of Out-of-State Telemedicine Visits Among Medicare Beneficiaries During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Study examining out-of-state telemedicine utilization during the COVID-19 pandemic by Medicare beneficiaries from January to June 2021 based on Medicare fee-for-service claims. Presents patient characteristics, variation in out-of-state telemedicine by geography, and benefits of out-of-state telemedicine access for rural beneficiaries.
Author(s): Ateev Mehrotra, Haiden A. Huskamp, Alok Nimgaonkar, et al.
Citation: JAMA Health Forum, 3(9), e223013
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
view details
Health Panel Comment Letter – Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System and Rural Emergency Hospitals
Comments offered in response to a July 26, 2022, Federal Register proposed rule revising the Medicare Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) and Medicare Ambulatory Surgical Center (ACS) payment system for calendar year 2023 and establishing Rural Emergency Hospital (REH) payment policy, quality measures, and enrollment policy. Discusses telehealth services for mental healthcare; REH quality measures, telehealth, and Conditions of Participation; and the use of Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) data on hospital and skilled nursing facilities changes in ownership.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute Rural Health Panel
view details
Impact of Project ECHO on Patient and Community Health Outcomes: A Scoping Review
Explores the impact of Project Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) on improving patient care in rural and underserved areas through a literature review of ECHO-related research articles. Examines 15 studies to see ECHO impacts on the health outcomes at the individual patient level, clinical practice level, and community level.
Author(s): Jo-Ann Osei-Twum, Brittany Wiles, Tieghan Killackey, et al.
Citation: Academic Medicine, 97(9), 1393-1402
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
view details
Before and During Pandemic Telemedicine Use: An Analysis of Rural and Urban Safety-Net Clinics
Investigates telemedicine use for primary care before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizes electronic health record data to analyze 1,015,722 patients seen in 466 different safety-net clinics. Includes demographic breakdown of patients by sex, race/ethnicity, insurance status, chronic disease status, and urban, large rural, small rural, or isolated rural residence.
Author(s): Annie E. Larson, Whitney E. Zahnd, Melinda M. Davis, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Preventative Medicine
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
view details
Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Licensure & Telehealth
Video addressing frequently asked questions about telehealth licensure, including cross-state issues, COVID-19 licensure waivers, and more. Answers to questions reflect policy as of September 2022.
Additional links: Slide deck
Date: 09/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Center for Connected Health Policy: The National Telehealth Policy Resource Center
view details
The IHS Telehealth System Was Deployed Without Some Required Cybersecurity Controls
Presents findings of an audit to determine whether the Indian Health Service (IHS) implemented select cybersecurity system controls prior to deploying its telehealth system nationally. Offers policy recommendations to the IHS for improving the implementation of cybersecurity controls for new information systems and remediating known vulnerabilities that may impact telehealth technologies.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Office of Inspector General (HHS)
view details

Additional resources are available related to this guide. See the full list of resources by topic for:


Last Updated: 10/18/2022