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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Appalachia

2020 Kentucky Dental Workforce Update
Infographic showing numbers of specialists and general dentists licensed in Kentucky as of 2020. Examines maldistribution of Kentucky dentists and specialty dental providers, and features statistics with breakdowns by urban, rural, and Appalachian location.
Author(s): S. P. Thompson, M. Slone, F. Feltner
Date: 2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky Center of Excellence in Rural Health
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Cancer Curriculum for Appalachian Kentucky Middle and High School
Results of an online survey sent to 21 science and health teachers in Appalachian Kentucky, consisting of questions on existing cancer education efforts, relevance of cancer education, and feasibility of a curriculum of this type being used in the classroom.
Author(s): Lauren Hudson, Katherine Sharp, Chris Prichard, et al.
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 3(1), 43-55
Date: 2021
Type: Document
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Impact of the COVID-19 Shutdown on Mental Health in Appalachia by Working Status
Results of a study on issues faced by Appalachian residents during the COVID-19-related shutdown in the spring of 2020, including concerns about healthcare and finances, and the effect on mental health. Examines whether there were higher levels of anxiety, fear, and depression among those who continued working outside the home compared with those who began working remotely during the shutdown. Features demographics and statistics on chronic health conditions and types of concerns, with breakdowns by work categories.
Author(s): Erin N. Haynes, Timothy J. Hilbert, Susan C. Westneat, Kate Leger, Katie Keynton
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 3(1), 18-28
Date: 2021
Type: Document
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A Description of COVID-19 Lifestyle Restrictions Among a Sample of Rural Appalachian Women
Findings from a survey given to 33 women who had previously participated in a larger survey involving substance use and behavioral risks. Features demographics and statistics on substance use, mental health, and types of activity restrictions related to COVID-19.
Author(s): Michele Staton, Martha Tillson, J. Matthew Webster
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 3(1), 4-17
Date: 2021
Type: Document
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"We're, Like, the Most Unhealthy People in the Country": Using an Equity Lens to Reduce Barriers to Healthy Food Access in Rural Appalachia
Examines barriers and facilitators for accessing healthy food in Martin County, Kentucky. Aims to develop socially-, culturally-, and historically-informed policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions to reduce obesity in Appalachia and other areas.
Author(s): Kathryn Cardarelli, Emily DeWitt, Rachel Gillespie, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
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Opioids in Medicaid: Concerns About Opioid Use Among Beneficiaries in Six Appalachian States in 2018
Examines the rates of opioid use of Medicaid beneficiaries in 6 Appalachian states in 2018. Discusses the amount of the prescriptions issued, the amounts of opioids received, and the amount of providers with questionable prescribing practices, among other opioid-related measures.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Office of Inspector General (HHS)
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Accountable Health Communities Model - Two Rural Participants' Experiences
Describes how two health systems, Ballard Health and Rocky Mountain Health Plan, implemented the Accountable Health Communities Model to address health-related social needs of rural Medicare, Medicaid, and dual-eligible beneficiaries. Discusses challenges each system faced while implementing the model.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Value
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Appalachian Diseases of Despair
Uses data from the 2018 Multiple Cause of Death database to provide information on mortality from overdose, suicide, and alcoholic liver disease/cirrhosis among people ages 15-64. Includes data and statistics, with information broken down by Appalachian state, region, gender, and metropolitan or nonmetropolitan status.
Author(s): Michael Meit, Megan Heffernan, Erin Tanenbaum, Maggie Cherney, Victoria Hallman
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
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Willingness to Participate in At-Home HIV Testing Among Young Adults Who Use Opioids in Rural Appalachia
Explores a study on the willingness of people who use drugs to take at-home HIV tests in rural Appalachian Kentucky. Breaks down data by participant's age, gender, and syringe usage, among others.
Author(s): April M. Ballard, Regine Haardöerfer, Nadya Prood, et al.
Citation: AIDS and Behavior, 25, 699-708
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
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Geographic Variation in the Structure of Kentucky's Population Health Systems: An Urban, Rural, and Appalachian Comparison
Examines differences in key characteristics of population health systems in Kentucky, using data from a 2018 statewide survey of community networks. Features statistics on implementation of population health activities, with breakdowns by urban, rural non-Appalachian, and rural Appalachian public health jurisdictions.
Author(s): Rachel Hogg-Graham, Angela Carman, Glen P. Mays, Pierre Martin Dominique Zephyr
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 2(3), 14-25
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
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