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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Appalachia

Availability of Health Insurance Literacy Resources Fails to Meet Consumer Needs in Rural, Appalachian Communities: Implications for State Medicaid Waivers
Reports on the availability of health system and community‐based programs promoting health insurance literacy and supporting informed consumer healthcare decision making in rural Kentucky. Findings are based on focus groups and interviews conducted with healthcare providers, community health workers, patient navigators, and others primarily serving rural Appalachian counties in the state.
Author(s): Jean Edward, Robin Thompson, Andrea Jaramillo
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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County Economic Status in Appalachia, FY 2021
Map showing levels of economic distress in Appalachian counties based on unemployment rates, income, and poverty levels. Includes interactive map, downloadable map and data files, and data report linked on the right side of the map.
Date: 06/2020
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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#CRCFREE: Using Social Media to Reduce Colorectal Cancer Risk in Rural Adults
Results of a study to examine the applicability, feasibility, efficacy, and acceptability of #CRCFree, a a 12-week Facebook-based intervention intended to reduce multiple risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC) in rural Appalachian adults aged 50 or more who are at risk for CRC. Features demographics and statistics on changes in CRC risk factors during the course of the intervention.
Author(s): Kaitlin Voigts Key, Adebola Adegboyega, Heather Bush, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Health Behavior, 44(3), 353-363
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
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An Evaluation of Appalachian Regional Commission Funding of Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Projects: Fiscal Year 2009-Fiscal Year 2016
Assesses 379 drinking water and wastewater infrastructure projects funded by the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) in fiscal year (FY) 2009 to FY 2016 to benefit communities in all 13 Appalachian states. Offers discussion on the impact of ARC-funded projects on communities, including increased employment opportunities, household benefits, improved public health, and more. Provides background information, challenges, and outcomes for various projects completed before the end of FY 2018.
Author(s): Jeff Hughes, Maureen Berner, Austin Thompson, et al.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, The University of North Carolina Environmental Finance Center
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Prevalence of Self-Reported Hypertension and Antihypertensive Medication Use by County and Rural-Urban Classification — United States, 2017
Examines self-reported prevalence of diagnosed hypertension and antihypertensive medication use. Includes data for metropolitan, micropolitan, and noncore (rural) areas. Also discusses geographic trends at the county level, with maps showing county-level hypertension prevalence and medication use. Highlights higher prevalence of hypertension in the Southeast, Appalachia, and the Great Plains.
Author(s): Claudine M. Samanic, Kamil E. Barbour, Yong Liu, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(18), 533-539
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Federal SUD/OUD Resources and Funding Opportunities in Support of Rural Communities
Highlights the slides of several breakout sessions from the 2020 RCORP conference discussing funding and resources pertaining to opioid use disorder in rural communities. Features presentations from representatives of the Department of Labor, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Appalachian Regional Commission, Bureau of Health Workforce, and the Federal Transit Administration.
Additional links: Agenda, Session 2 Presentations
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Communities Opioid Response Program - Technical Assistance
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An Emerging Model for Community Health Worker-Based Chronic Care Management for Patients With High Health Care Costs in Rural Appalachia
Describes a community health worker-based chronic care management model implemented in rural counties in 3 central Appalachian states. Demonstrates how to engage health insurance companies to support and sustain this model.
Author(s): Richard Crespo, Matthew Christiansen, Kim Tieman, Richard Wittberg
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
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West Virginia 2020-2022 Substance Use Response Plan
Outlines West Virginia's plan to prevent and treat substance use disorder throughout the state. Details goals for prevention, treatment, research, and the criminal justice system, pertaining to substance use disorder. Also discusses infectious diseases, such as hepatitis and HIV, resulting from substance abuse and misuse.
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources
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Life Beyond 65: Changing Spatial Patterns of Survival at Older Ages in the United States, 2000–2016
Examines life expectancy trends among Americans at age 65 between 2000 and 2016. Analyzes data by gender and across 4 metropolitan categories and 10 geographic regions. Considers how causes of death impact the changes in mortality rates over time.
Author(s): Yana C Vierboom, Samuel H. Preston
Citation: The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 1-11
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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Faces of Black Lung II
Informational video describing the recent increase in cases of black lung disease, especially among younger miners in central Appalachia. Includes testimonials from former miners who suffer from black lung, and commentary by experts. Intended to increase awareness and to promote participation in the Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program, which provides screenings to diagnose black lung as quickly as possible.
Author(s): Anita L. Wolfe
Date: 01/2020
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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