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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health workforce

Rural-Urban Differences in Child and Adolescent Access to and Receipt of Mental Health Services Prior to and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results from the National Survey of Children's Health
Policy brief comparing rural-urban differences in access to and receipt of mental health services, to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on service accessibility and utilization in different geographic settings. Analyzes data from a large, national sample of children and adolescents to examine inter-group similarities and differences and offer considerations for alleviating the youth mental health crisis. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban and rural locations.
Author(s): Kristen Figas, Theodoros Giannouchos, Elizabeth Crouch
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Promotoras de Salud in a Father-Focused Nutrition and Physical Activity Program for Border Communities: Approaches and Lessons Learned from Collaboration
Explores the role community health workers, or promotoras de salud, played the design, implementation, and evaluation of a father-focused health program for rural Latino communities on the U.S.-Mexico border. Highlights some of the health and wellness issues for children and adults in the poor and underserved colonias along the U.S.-Mexico border.
Author(s): Cassandra M. Johnson, Marlyn A. Allicock, Joseph R. Sharkey, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(18), 11660
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Measure Applications Partnership 2022 Considerations for Measure Set Review in Federal Programs: Clinician, Hospital, and Post-Acute Care/Long-Term Care
Reviews the 32 healthcare quality and efficiency measures used by the National Quality Forum's Measure Applications Partnership (MAP) during 2022. Discusses measures for clinician programs, hospital programs, and post-acute care/long-term care programs. Includes the MAP Rural Health Advisory Group's support or determination of the suitability of each measure for rural providers.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Quality Forum
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Review of Rural U.S. Economic and Health Care Trends
Reviews recent literature and publicly available data to explore important issues at the nexus of healthcare and local economic vibrancy, and explores the economic implications associated with COVID-19. Includes sections on rural hospitals, the rural healthcare workforce, emergency medical services, insurance, and telehealth. Features statistics with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density and county-level maps showing Health Professional Shortage Areas and rural counties without obstetrical services.
Author(s): Alison Davis
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Economic Analysis of Rural Health
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Impact of Project ECHO on Patient and Community Health Outcomes: A Scoping Review
Explores the impact of Project Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) on improving patient care in rural and underserved areas through a literature review of ECHO-related research articles. Examines 15 studies to see ECHO impacts on the health outcomes at the individual patient level, clinical practice level, and community level.
Author(s): Jo-Ann Osei-Twum, Brittany Wiles, Tieghan Killackey, et al.
Citation: Academic Medicine, 97(9), 1393-1402
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Licensure & Telehealth
Video addressing frequently asked questions about telehealth licensure, including cross-state issues, COVID-19 licensure waivers, and more. Answers to questions reflect policy as of September 2022.
Additional links: Slide deck
Date: 09/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Center for Connected Health Policy: The National Telehealth Policy Resource Center
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Priorities for Improvement Across Cancer and Non-Cancer Related Preventive Services among Rural and Non-Rural Clinicians
Examines the preventive care services primary care physicians report as needing improvement in their clinics. Reports on 2021 data from 326 survey respondents in 49 states who discuss improvement areas such such as screenings, nutrition counseling, and physical activity counseling. Includes rural versus urban breakdowns for priorities in improvement areas.
Author(s): Michaela Brtnikova, Jamie L. Studts, Elise Robertson, et al.
Citation: BMC Primary Care, 23, 231
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Physician Response to COVID-19–Driven Telehealth Flexibility for Opioid Use Disorder
Presents survey responses of physicians who provide Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) treatment on telehealth flexibilities driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly their OUD telehealth policy preferences. Notes rural implications of access equity issues and policy changes.
Author(s): Tamara Beetham, David A. Fiellin, Susan H. Busch
Citation: The American Journal of Managed Care, 28(9)
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Rural Hospital Closures Threaten Access: Solutions to Preserve Care in Local Communities
Provides an overview of rural hospital closures between 2010-2021. Discusses rural demographics and outlines trends affecting rural hospital financial sustainability, including patient volume and health, reimbursement, staffing shortages, COVID-19, new models of care, and more.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Caring for Rural Patients at End of Life: Perceptions of Critical Access Hospital Nurses
Presents the findings of a survey of 188 Critical Access Hospital (CAH) nurses from 39 facilities providing end of life care to rural patients. Describes obstacles and helpful behaviors related to family behaviors and attitudes, time to deliver end of life care, access to resources and assistive personnel, and CAH-specific obstacles to providing end of life care.
Author(s): Renea L. Beckstrand, Trissa M. Lyman, Karlen E. Luthy, Janelle L.B. Macintosh
Citation: American Journal of Critical Care, 31(5), 375-382
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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