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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: HIV and AIDS

Capacity of Rural Counties to Address an HIV or Hepatitis C Outbreak
Examines data from 20 states potentially at risk of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) outbreak to determine which services local health departments (LHDs) provide to help identify or address HIV or HCV. Examples of relevant services include HIV testing, substance use services, and infectious disease surveillance, among others. Includes rural/urban differences in LHD services and staff, LHD partnerships and collaboration, and demographic characteristics of at-risk counties.
Author(s): Jennifer Lenardson, Jaclyn Janis, Amanda Burgess, et al.
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center
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Care Outcomes Among Black or African American Persons with Diagnosed HIV in Rural, Urban, and Metropolitan Statistical Areas — 42 U.S. Jurisdictions, 2018
Examines HIV care outcomes among Black people with diagnosed HIV infection living in rural (less than 50,000 population), urban (50,000–499,999 population), and metropolitan (500,000 population or more) areas. Provides rural/urban/metropolitan data by age group, gender, and transmission category addressing: stage of diagnosis, linkage to care within one month of diagnosis, and viral suppression within 6 months of diagnosis.
Author(s): Shacara Johnson Lyons, André F. Dailey, Chenchen Yu, Anna Satcher Johnson
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(7), 229-235
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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The State of Our Health: A Statewide Health Assessment of Pennsylvania
Identifies specific health challenges in Pennsylvania and indicates where the largest improvements can be made. Features sections on social determinants of health, access to care, substance use, chronic diseases, mental health, maternal and infant health, injury and violence prevention, infectious diseases and immunization, Health Professional Shortage Areas, and environmental health. Includes references to rural throughout.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Pennsylvania Department of Health
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Harm Reduction and Adaptations Among PWUD in Rural Oregon During COVID-19
Presents a study on harm reduction practices during the COVID-19 for people who use drugs (PWUDs) in rural Oregon. Bases findings on interviews with PWUDs in 5 rural counties. Breaks down data by gender, race, and drugs used. Discusses the effect of COVID-19 on syringe service programs in rural areas.
Author(s): Andrew Seaman, Gillian Leichtling, Erin Stack, et al.
Citation: AIDS and Behavior, 25, 1331–1339
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
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Grantee Directory: Rural HIV/AIDS Planning Program, 2020
Detailed descriptions of 7 Rural HIV/AIDS Planning Program grant projects funded in fiscal year 2020. Lists grantees by state and Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic Key Strategies, including topics such as, planning and development of integrated HIV network, stigma, opioid use disorder, data tracking, and telehealth. Includes grantee profiles describing their programs and network structures, geographic areas and populations served, network partners, and contacts for each network.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Federal Office of Rural Health Policy
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Voices From the Field: A Qualitative Study of the Challenges and Promising Practices of Rural Public Health in Addressing HIV and Hepatitis C
Examines rural vulnerability to HIV and hepatitis C for people who inject drugs. Presents findings from interviews with 36 public health professionals from rural states, addressing funding limitations, staffing and infrastructure challenges, public health initiatives, telemedicine strategies, and community education programs.
Author(s): Martha Elbaum Williamson, Karen B. Pearson, Amanda R. Burgess, Jennifer D. Lenardson, Erika C. Ziller
Citation: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, 44(2), 114-136
Date: 2021
Type: Document
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Project ECHO - Indiana University (IU) Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health
Offers CMEs and continuing education via live teleclinics for physicians and non-physicians, pharmacists, nurses, social workers, and certified health education specialists. Programs include didactic and case-based learning on hepatitis C, HIV, LGBTQ+, cancer, pain management, and COVID-19 response.
Date: 2021
Type: Tutorial/Training
Sponsoring organizations: Indiana University - Purdue University Indiana (IUPUI), Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health
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HRSA Programs Serve Rural Communities
Infographic provides an overview of the Health Resources and Services Administration programs serving rural areas. Covers rural health, health center, health workforce, HIV/AIDS, and maternal and child health programs.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration
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HIV Prevention and Treatment Challenges in Rural America from the National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services
Webinar recording discusses rural HIV infection rates and barriers to HIV prevention and treatment in rural communities. Features presentations from representatives of the National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services, the Health Resources and Services Administration, and Medical Advocacy & Outreach.
Additional links: Audio Recording, PowerPoint Handout, Webinar Transcript
Date: 10/2020
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Willingness to Participate in At-Home HIV Testing Among Young Adults Who Use Opioids in Rural Appalachia
Explores a study on the willingness of people who use drugs to take at-home HIV tests in rural Appalachian Kentucky. Breaks down data by participant's age, gender, and syringe usage, among others.
Author(s): April M. Ballard, Regine Haardöerfer, Nadya Prood, et al.
Citation: AIDS and Behavior, 25, 699-708
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
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