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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: HIV and AIDS

Outcomes of Hepatitis C Treatment by Primary Care Providers
Examines the effectiveness of the Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) model to improve access to specialty care for complex health conditions such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) by training and supporting primary care clinicians who work with underserved populations in rural areas and prisons in New Mexico.
Author(s): Sanjeev Arora, Karla Thornton, Glen Murata,1 Paulina Deming, et al.
Citation: New England Journal of Medicine, 364, 2199-2207
Date: 06/2011
Type: Document
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The Struggle to Provide HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment in Rural Areas
As AIDS cases continue to rise in the rural United States, organizations reach out to patients and those at-risk. Highlights the Northern Colorado AIDS project.
Author(s): Candi Helseth
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2011
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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HIV and STD Prevention Policies: Focus on Rural Areas
Presents six strategies the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends to reduce the spread of HIV and STDs in rural areas. Offers recommendations for increasing awareness and overcoming stigma.
Author(s): Ann Kelly
Date: 04/2011
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Council of State Governments
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Frequency of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Testing in Urban Vs. Rural Areas of the United States: Results from a Nationally-Representative Sample
Compares HIV testing rates in rural and urban populations in the United States, with information sorted by race/ethnicity, gender, region, and type of HIV testing site.
Author(s): Michael E. Ohl, Eli Perencevich
Citation: BMC Public Health, 11, 681
Date: 2011
Type: Document
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Rural Residence Is Associated with Delayed Care Entry and Increased Mortality among Veterans with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
Details a study of the rural-urban variation in mortality tied to delayed treatment of veterans with HIV. Looks at a variety of participant characteristics, such as alcohol abuse, drug use, and the co-occurrence of Hepatitis C and B, as well as several other factors.
Author(s): Michael Ohl, Janet Tate, Mona Duggal, et al.
Citation: Medical Care, 48(12), 1064-1070
Date: 12/2010
Type: Document
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Indian Health Service: HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment Services for American Indians and Alaska Natives
Discusses HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment services provided by Indian Health Service (IHS) at IHS facilities and through outside providers. Includes some discussion specific to services in rural areas.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 12/2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Fighting Stigma and Denial: HIV/AIDS in the Rural Community
Discusses best practices, adjustments to clinical practice environments, care integration, and other methods to confront stigma and eliminate discrimination while providing HIV/AIDS healthcare and related services in rural areas.
Date: 04/2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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Race and Place: Urban-Rural Differences in Health for Racial and Ethnic Minorities
Investigates urban-rural disparities for racial and ethnic minorities in six health areas: infant mortality, cancer screening and management, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV infection, and child and adult immunizations. Provides data for the years 1991-1995.
Author(s): Rebecca T. Slifkin, Laurie J. Goldsmith, Thomas C. Ricketts,
Date: 03/2000
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Washington Health Data Visualization
An interactive tool providing access to maps, charts, and graphs on a variety of health data by topic for Washington State and counties. Topics include leading causes of death, opioid prescriptions, opioid morbidity and mortality, immunizations, HIV, social determinants of health, and population characteristics.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Washington State Department of Health
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HIV Testing Sites and Care Services Locator
Provides a tool for identifying HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing services, health centers and locations offering pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), housing providers, and other services such as mental health and substance use treatment services near a particular location.
Type: Directory
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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