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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

Alcohol, Tobacco, and Illicit Drug Consumption and Consequences in North Dakota: The North Dakota Epidemiological Profile
Reports on the effects of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use on the lives and families of North Dakotans and the economy of the state. Discusses the rural culture of substance abuse throughout.
Date: 09/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Dakota Department of Human Services
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Drug Use, Hepatitis C, and Service Availability: Perspectives of Incarcerated Rural Women
Examines drug use and the health consequences of drug use, hepatitis C, and health service availability among a high-risk sample of women serving time in jail for drug use. Data was collected from a sample of 22 female offenders incarcerated in 3 jail facilities located in rural Appalachia.
Author(s): Michele Staton-Tindall, J. Matthew Webster, Carrie B. Oser, Jennifer R. Havens, Carl G. Leukefeld
Citation: Social Work in Public Health, 30(4) 385–396
Date: 07/2015
Type: Document
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Disparity in Naloxone Administration by Emergency Medical Service Providers and the Burden of Drug Overdose in US Rural Communities
Examines the factors that influence the administration of naloxone by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in drug overdoses occurring in rural, suburban, and urban areas, using data from the National Emergency Medical Services Information System.
Author(s): Mark Faul, Michael W. Dailey, David E. Sugerman, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 105(Suppl), e26-e32
Date: 07/2015
Type: Document
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Threading the Needle - How to Stop the HIV Outbreak in Rural Indiana
Perspective piece describing an outbreak of HIV in rural Indiana linked to prescription-opioid injection and the steps taken to address that outbreak. Identifies actions that physicians and states can take to prevent HIV outbreaks among injection-drug users.
Author(s): Steffanie A. Strathdee, Chris Beyrer
Citation: New England Journal of Medicine, 373(5), 397-399
Date: 07/2015
Type: Document
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Prevalence of Opioids and the Workforce to Provide Treatment in Rural and Urban Settings
Webinar presented on June 25, 2015, featuring Holly Andrilla, John Gale, and Jennifer Lenardson, in which they discuss their research on opioid use, prescribing of opioids by the medical workforce, and availability of treatment. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban and rural locations.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Transcript, Webinar Recording
Date: 06/2015
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Increases in Hepatitis C Virus Infection Related to Injection Drug Use Among Persons Aged ≤30 Years - Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia, 2006-2012
Discusses opioid abuse, drug injecting, and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in central Appalachia, with data on HCV infection rates for four states. Includes data for rural and urban areas by gender and race/ethnicity.
Author(s): Jon E. Zibbell, Kashif Iqbal, Rajiv C. Patel, Anil Suryaprasad, Kathy J. Sanders, Loretta Moore-Moravian, Jamie Serrecchia, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 64(17), 453-458
Date: 05/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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An Exploratory Study of Mental Health and HIV Risk Behavior among Drug-Using Rural Women in Jail
Examines HIV risk behaviors and mental health conditions through face-to-face interviews with 136 women incarcerated in three rural Kentucky county jails within Appalachia. Includes data and statistics on substance use and HIV risk behaviors for women with anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Author(s): Michele Staton-Tindall, Kathi L.H. Harp, Alexandra Minieri, et al.
Citation: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 38(1), 45-54
Date: 03/2015
Type: Document
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Federal Guidelines for Opioid Treatment Programs
Highlights guidelines for planning and implementing an opioid treatment program. Features information on the use of telemedicine, as well as exemptions for serving rural areas.
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Rural/Urban Residence, Access, and Perceived Need for Treatment among African American Cocaine Users
Reports findings from a study based on surveys from 400 adult African American cocaine users, half from 2 rural counties and half from 1 urban county in Arkansas. Discusses participants' perceived need for drug use treatment, factors predisposing treatment, and socioeconomic factors that enable or discourage treatment.
Author(s): Tyrone F. Borders, Brenda M. Booth, Katharine E. Stewart, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 31(1), 98-107
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
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Risk Factors for HCV Infection Among Young Adults in Rural New York Who Inject Prescription Opioid Analgesics
Details a study of hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence among people who inject drugs and those who misuse prescription opioid analgesics in rural New York. Analyzes cohort by age, gender, age at first injection, and use of a syringe exchange program, among others.
Author(s): Jon E. Zibbell, Rachel Hart-Malloy, John Barry, Lillian Fan, Colleen Flanigan
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 104(11), 2226-2232
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
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