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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

Hospital Burden of Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays: Metropolitan and Rural Hospitals, 2016
Examines burden on hospitals of opioid-related hospitalizations for metropolitan, rural-adjacent to metro, and rural remote hospitals. Includes data by region. Provides detailed information by urban-rural location, including information on the distribution of opioid-related stays, bed size, and occupancy level.
Author(s): Pamela L. Owens, Audrey J. Weiss, Marguerite L. Barrett
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Pain in the Nation Update: Alcohol, Drug, and Suicide Deaths in 2018
Report details updated rates of deaths related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide for 2018. Breaks down data by race, age, and regionally, including rural versus metro areas.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Trust for America's Health
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Beyond Opioids: Rapid Increase in Drug Deaths Involving Stimulants
Presents a breakdown of drug related deaths involving stimulants. Features a number of charts highlighting the data, including rural and urban, regional, and national comparisons.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation
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Guidance for Law Enforcement and First Responders Administering Naloxone
Provides guidance for naloxone administration by law enforcement and first responders during the COVID-19 pandemic. Details recommendations for administering both intranasal and intramuscular naloxone.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Improving Access to Evidence-Based Medical Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder: Strategies to Address Key Barriers Within the Treatment System
Presents a study on the barriers to evidence-based treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD). Identifies nine common barriers to evidence-based care for people with OUD, including stigma, workforce training, and financial barriers, among others. Includes rural references throughout.
Author(s): Bertha K. Madras, N. Jia Ahmad, Jenny Wen, et al.
Citation: NAM Perspectives
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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Tackling the Trifecta: State Approaches to Addressing Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders, HIV, and Hepatitis C
Highlights the approaches to addressing co-occurring substance use disorder, HIV, and HCV in New York, West Virginia, and Louisiana. Breaks down data in each state by gender and details considerations for rural areas.
Author(s): Eliza Mette, Jodi Manz, Kristina Long
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy for State Health Policy
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Hospital Inpatient Stays Related to Opioid Use Disorder and Endocarditis, 2016
Examines inpatient stays for adults 18 years and older related to opioid use disorder (OUD) and endocarditis, stays related to OUD but not endocarditis, and stays related to endocarditis but not OUD. Includes data by patient location for metropolitan, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote areas.
Author(s): Audrey J. Weiss, Kevin C. Heslin, Carol Stocks, Pamela L. Owens
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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The Opioid Crisis and Community-level Spillovers onto Children's Education
Presents a study on the link between the opioid epidemic and children's educational outcomes. Evaluates community-level resources for handling the opioid crisis and how that correlates with educational outcomes, specifically in rural and underserved areas.
Author(s): Rajeev Darolia, John Tyler
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Brookings Institute, Brown Center on Education Policy
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COVID-19 During the Opioid Epidemic – Exacerbation of Stigma and Vulnerabilities
Explores how the lack of healthcare infrastructure in rural areas and the COVID-19 pandemic create particular challenges for people who use drugs (PWUDs). Discusses the stigma of seeking care during a pandemic and the difficulty of accessing living resources, among other issues affecting PWUDs in rural areas.
Author(s): Wiley D. Jenkins, Rebecca Bolinski, John Bresett, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
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A Primary Care Response to COVID‐19 for Patients with an Opioid Use Disorder
Discusses the challenges of treating patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Highlights decisions made by primary care physicians regarding harm reduction related to COVID-19 that may have detrimental effects for OUD patient.
Author(s): Courtenay Gilmore Wilson, Melinda Ramage, E. Blake Fagan
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
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