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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on a Rural Opioid Support Services Program
Study examining the impacts of the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic on a rural, nonprofit opioid use disorder (OUD) system support service program located in eastern Kentucky. Describes findings from interviews conducted in early fall 2020 discussing changes to daily life, service access and provision, and financial impacts.
Author(s): Jayme E. Walters, Aubrey E. Jones, Aaron R. Brown, Dorothy Wallis
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(8), 11164
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Opioid-Related Outcomes Among Individuals with Co-Occurring Behavioral Health Conditions
Provides an overview of a quality measurement framework to improve the prevention and monitoring of opioid-related overdoses and mortality among individuals with co-occurring behavioral health conditions. Identifies existing measures, measure concepts, and recommendations to serve as a starting point for quality measurement. Highlights three essential domains for measurement: equitable access, clinical interventions, and integrated and comprehensive care for concurrent behavioral health conditions.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Quality Forum
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Availability of Substance Use Disorder Treatment in Minoritized Racial/Ethnic Group Areas
Explores the availability of substance use disorder treatment facilities and providers nationwide across ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) categorized by rurality and racial and ethnic composition. Provides data on the straight-line distance to the nearest opioid treatment facility that offers methadone, nearest substance use disorder treatment facility that does not offer methadone, and closest buprenorphine provider by rurality in minoritized and non-minoritized ZCTA.
Author(s): Sophia N. D. Negaro, Gabriel A. Benavidez, Christina M. Andrews, et al.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Physician Response to COVID-19–Driven Telehealth Flexibility for Opioid Use Disorder
Presents survey responses of physicians who provide Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) treatment on telehealth flexibilities driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly their OUD telehealth policy preferences. Notes rural implications of access equity issues and policy changes.
Author(s): Tamara Beetham, David A. Fiellin, Susan H. Busch
Citation: The American Journal of Managed Care, 28(9)
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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America's Rural Roads: Beautiful and Deadly
Examines rural road fatal crashes using data for years 2016-2020. Describes where people crash on rural roads, who crashes, and what risky behaviors may contribute to crashes. Includes statistics on road fatalities, proportions of rural and urban population compared with proportions of road fatalities, fatalities per vehicle miles traveled, crash type and vehicle type, sex, race and ethnicity, age, alcohol use, drug involvement, and speeding, with breakdowns by rural or urban location. Includes state-level statistics on fatalities by state maximum speed limit.
Author(s): Paula Raymond
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Governors Highway Safety Association, State Farm
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Coroner/Medical Examiner Services in Pennsylvania
Provides information about Pennsylvania coroner/medical examiners (C/MEs), including office caseloads, funding, facilities, forensic capacity, vehicles and equipment, and staffing and training resources. Assesses how the opioid epidemic and the COVID-19 pandemic affected county C/ME offices in urban and rural areas. Features statistics including deaths from COVID-19 and drug overdose from 2015-2021, with breakdowns by urban and rural counties.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Harry D. Holt, Ramona Stone, Christina VandePol
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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The University of Arizona Center for Rural Health Annual Report, FY 2022
Highlights the Center for Rural Health's accomplishments, and describes challenges and opportunities for improving the health of rural Arizonans in the upcoming year. Discusses the Arizona Rural Hospital Flexibility program (AzFLEX, the Arizona Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program (AzSHIP), and other programs.
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Arizona Center for Rural Health
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Patient-Level and County-Level Trends in Nonfatal Opioid-Involved Overdose Emergency Medical Services Encounters — 491 Counties, United States, January 2018–March 2022
Reports on trends in rates of EMS encounters for nonfatal opioid-involved overdoses during January 2018–March 2022, based on data from 491 counties in 21 states. Includes trend data by quarter for rural and urban counties.
Author(s): Shannon M. Casillas, Cassandra M. Pickens, Erin K. Stokes, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(34), 1073-1080
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Association of Methamphetamine and Opioid Use With Nonfatal Overdose in Rural Communities
Study examining the incidence of nonfatal overdoses for people using methamphetamine and opioids alone and together, drawing data from National Rural Opioid Initiative surveys of people who use drugs in rural areas of 10 states. Presents findings related to prevalence of methamphetamine and opioid use, rates of use by race and ethnicity, and implications of the findings for harm reduction programs and treatment programs.
Author(s): P. Todd Korthuis, Ryan R. Cook, Canyon A. Foot, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(8), e2226544
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on People who Inject Drugs Accessing Harm Reduction Services in a Rural American State
Results of a study exploring how changes made in Maine during the pandemic affected access to harm reduction services, including basic services such as shelter, syringe service programs, safe drug supply, low barrier buprenorphine treatment, and peer support. Based on interviews with 36 stakeholders comprising people who inject drugs, community partners, and healthcare providers.
Author(s): Kinna Thakarar, Michael Kohut, Rebecca Hutchinson, et al.
Citation: Harm Reduction Journal, 19(80)
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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