Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub

Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Income

Adult Obesity in Rural America: An Examination of the Relationships Between Obesity Prevalence, Sociodemographic Factors, Access to Care, and Differences Between Rural and Urban Counties
Provides an overview of obesity prevalence in rural versus urban counties. Analyzes factors related to obesity such as education, income, physical inactivity, healthcare workforce, and food, internet, and healthcare access. Includes case studies and data related to obesity prevalence in Texas and Arkansas.
Additional links: Appendix, Executive Summary
Date: 09/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: NORC at the University of Chicago
view details
Long COVID in Adults: United States, 2022
Provides 2022 National Health Interview Survey data on adults with long COVID according to sex, age, race/ethnicity, family income, and large central metropolitan, large fringe metropolitan, medium and small metropolitan, or nonmetropolitan location.
Author(s): Dzifa Adjaye-Gbewonyo, Anjel Vahratian, Cria G. Perrine, Jeanne Bertolli
Date: 09/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
view details
Income in the United States: 2022
Reports on income levels for 2021 and 2022, along with the percent change from 2021 to 2022. Includes statistics for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. Based on data from the 2023 and earlier Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements.
Date: 09/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
view details
Rural-Urban Differences in Health Care Unaffordability
Analyzes healthcare unaffordability in rural versus urban contexts as well as mitigating sociodemographic variables. Examines 90,761 survey responses from the 2019-2021 National Health Interview Survey according to 3 levels of unaffordability, further breaking down the data by race/ethnicity, sex, income, self-rated health, insurance type, education, age, and rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Hannah MacDougall, Daniel Mork, Stephanie Hanson, Carrie Henning Smith
Citation: The Journal of Rural Health, 40(2), 376-385
Date: 07/2023
Type: Document
view details
The Interplay of Financial Toxicity, Health Care Team Communication, and Psychosocial Well-being among Rural Cancer Patients and Survivors
Examines the relationship among financial toxicity, healthcare team communication, and psychosocial health among rural oncology patients. Analyzes 273 patients who participated in the Cancer Support Community's Cancer Experience Registry between 2017-2023 by demographic information, depression, anxiety, social functioning, and healthcare team communication variables and their correlation with financial toxicity.
Author(s): Melissa F. Miller, Julie S. Olson, Kara Doughtie, Alexandra K. Zaleta, Kimberly P. Rogers
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 40(1), 128-137
Date: 07/2023
Type: Document
view details
COVID-19 Working Paper: Obesity Prevalence Among U.S. Adult Subpopulations During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Explores obesity disparities among adults before the COVID-19 pandemic and during the first year of the pandemic. Uses data from the 2011-2020 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to estimate changes in obesity rates and compares rates across demographic and socioeconomic subgroups, including urban-rural status, Census region, age group, race and ethnicity, and more.
Author(s): Mariah D. Ehmke, Brandon J. Restrepo
Date: 07/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
view details
Well-Being in Rural California 2023
Examines well-being in rural California according to indicators related to healthy life and longevity, access to knowledge and education, and income and standard of living. Utilizes the American human development index (HDI) and breaks data down by race, ethnicity, gender, neighborhood cluster, and Census tract.
Additional links: Data Download, Slides, Webinar
Author(s): Kristen Lewis
Date: 06/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Measure of America, NeighborWorks America
view details
The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2017-2021 American Community Survey Chartbook
State- and county-level information on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy, education, labor force, employment, income, health insurance coverage, disability, and veteran status, for the 13 Appalachian states. Features statistics with breakdowns by 5 levels of population density. Includes data explorer options for Appalachian categories such as population and age, education, income and poverty, computer and broadband access, rural Appalachia versus rural America, and employment and commuting.
Additional links: Full Report
Author(s): Kelvin Pollard, Sara Srygley, Linda A. Jacobsen
Date: 06/2023
Type: Website
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, Population Reference Bureau
view details
Inflation Does Vary Between Rural and Urban Minnesota
Examines inflation differences between rural and urban Minnesota and discusses issues such as demand, supply chain, and workforce shortages. Includes rural versus urban comparisons of expenses, discretionary income, and total income.
Author(s): Marnie Werner
Date: 06/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Policy and Development
view details
Rural NC at a Glance
Fact sheet on North Carolina's rural counties. Provides statistics on topics including population and age, race and ethnicity, poverty, income, education, health workforce, uninsured population, employment and economy, and agriculture.
Date: 05/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Center
view details