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Rural Health Information Hub

Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Income

Minnesota - Closing the Wage Gap
Provides information on average wages in the 6 regions of Minnesota and discusses the wage gap in rural Minnesota.
Author(s): Kelly Asche
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Policy and Development
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Understanding Historically Marginalized & Minoritized Populations in the Forgotten Middle: Chart Pack & Case Studies
Chart pack and case studies from a project on current and future disparities in finances, housing, and health among middle-income older adults. Highlights barriers experienced by Black, Hispanic, and rural populations, including discussion of service availability, transportation, income, and other aspects of access to care.
Additional links: Project Overview
Author(s): Sarah Rayel, Dianne Munevar, Ryan Murphy, et al.
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: NORC at the University of Chicago
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Nursing Home Workforce Issues and Inequities
Offers an overview of issues related to the direct care workforce in nursing homes including staffing shortages, recruitment and retention, low wages, job training, interdisciplinary care, and more. Discusses proposed policies offering workforce-related reforms. Discusses rural throughout.
Author(s): Jasmine L. Travers, Rita Choula, Edem Hado
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AARP Public Policy Institute
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The State of Rural Minnesota: 2024
Presents an overview of rural Minnesota. Includes county-level data and statistics on population migration, economic vitality, agriculture, employment, income, race/ethnicity, rural versus urban comparisons, and more.
Additional links: Changes in the Labor Force Video Presentation, 02/12/2024, Changing the Narrative Among High School Graduates Video Presentation, 02/12/2024, Deaths of Despair Video Presentation, 02/12/2024, Significant Changes in Migration Patterns Video Presentation, 02/12/2024, The Disappearing Rural Newspapers Video Presentation, 02/12/2024
Author(s): Kelly Asche, Marnie Werner
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Policy and Development
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An Overview of the Kansas Health Care Workforce
Provides an overview of the Kansas healthcare workforce, with data projected through 2030. Focuses on ambulatory healthcare services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities. Includes metro versus nonmetro wage comparisons for nursing and personal aide occupations.
Author(s): Nathan Kessler
Date: 2024
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Kansas Department of Labor
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Small Towns, Big Opportunities
Report evaluating rural employment opportunities, defined as a "good job" based on income thresholds. Discusses gender, race and ethnicity, educational attainment, population decline, disability, and more. Offers recommendations for rural growth through education, training opportunities, and emerging industries. Includes rural and urban comparisons in addition to county level maps for each state.
Additional links: State Maps
Author(s): Anthony P. Carnevale, Lulu Kam, Martin Van Der Werf
Date: 2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce
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Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates: Release Highlights of 2022
Provides a U.S. map of 2022 median household income by county. Includes related visualizations such as percent change of median household income from 2021 to 2022, poverty rate by county, percent of school-age children in poverty, and more.
Date: 12/2023
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Social and Structural Determinants of Maternal Morbidity and Mortality: An Evidence Map
Presents results of a systematic literature review of risk factors associated with maternal morbidity and mortality before, during, and after birth. Reports study findings on social and structural determinants of health including race, income, mental health, rurality, environment, violence, trauma, and more. Observes the state of current research and identifies limitations.
Additional links: Executive Summary, Full Report
Author(s): Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Kathryn Behrens, Amy M. Claussen, et al.
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Rural, Regional, Racial Disparities in Telemedicine Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic Among US Adults: 2021 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)
Analyzes telemedicine use among rural and urban adults in context of the COVID-19 pandemic using 2021 National Health Interview Survey data. Presents data on telemedicine use and urbanization level, region, income, sex, race and ethnicity, and other demographic characteristics. Highlights access disparities, and discusses COVID-19's influence on telehealth adoption.
Author(s): Jeong-Hui Park, Min Jee Lee, Meng-Han Tsai, Huan-Ju Shih, Jongwha Chang
Citation: Patient Preference and Adherence, 17, 3477-3487
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
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Disparities in LTSS Needs and Supportive Resources at Age 55, and Outcome Disparities During the Next Decade
Reports on disparities in long-term services and supports (LTSS) needs and resources of adults at age 55, and analyzes outcomes over the next 10 years of their lives, using 2008-2018 longitudinal Health and Retirement Study data. Covers race and ethnicity, rural or urban setting, and other demographic information. Highlights financial resources, health insurance, social supports, cognitive decline, assets, and more.
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: ATI Advisory, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
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