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Resources by Topic: Infectious diseases

Spatial and Temporal Analysis of HIV Clinical Outcomes in Florida Reveals Counties with Persistent Racial and Ethnic Disparities During 2012-2019
Analyzes health and treatment disparities among White, Hispanic, and Black people with HIV in Florida, covering viral suppression and immune reconstitution, impact of social and ecological factors, geographic variation, and changes over time. Utilizes 2012-2019 Florida Department of Health Ryan White program enrollee data. See Supplemental Table 1 for county-by-county data on risk of non-suppression among Black versus Non-Black people with HIV.
Author(s): Shannan N Rich, Yiyang Liu, Rebecca Fisk-Hoffman, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 749
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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Mortality for Time-Sensitive Conditions at Urban vs Rural Hospitals During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Analyzed hospitalizations in 3,813 rural and urban facilities to determine patient mortality outcomes for non-COVID-19 time sensitive conditions before and during the pandemic. Discusses rural and urban disparities.
Author(s): H. Joanna Jiang, Rachel M. Henke, Kathryn R. Fingar, Lan Liang, Denis Agniel
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 7(3)
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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COVID-19 Affected Rural and Urban Hospital Uncompensated Care
Offers data comparing the impact of COVID-19 on uncompensated hospital care on rural and urban facilities using Medicare Cost Report data for acute care hospitals. Discusses uncompensated care trends over time and analyzes operating expenses.
Author(s): Emmaline Keesee
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research
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Kentucky Outreach Service Kiosk (KyOSK) Study Protocol: A Community-Level, Controlled Quasi-Experimental, Type 1 Hybrid Effectiveness Study to Assess Implementation, Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of a Community-Tailored Harm Reduction Kiosk on HIV, HCV and Overdose Risk in Rural Appalachia
Reports on study design and implementation of a kiosk-based harm reduction intervention focused on HIV, hepatitis C, and overdose risk in rural Appalachia. Describes characteristics of two selected Appalachian Kentucky counties, eligibility criteria, data collection procedures, and study outcome measurement.
Author(s): April M Young, Jennifer R Havens, Hannah L F Cooper, et al.
Citation: BMJ Open, 14(3), e083983
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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Increased Migration from Urban Areas Spurs Rural Population Growth, While Urban Migration Growth Is International
Bar chart comparing net migration changes between metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas between 2019 and 2022. Discusses sources of migration increase and the impact of COVID-19 on the trends.
Date: 03/2024
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Critical Lessons from a Pragmatic Randomized Trial of Home-Based COVID-19 Testing in Rural Native American and Latino Communities
Examines the impact of utilizing community health workers (CHWs) to provide COVID-19 home testing in rural Latino and Native American communities. Includes data on completion of COVID-19 tests and provides qualitative feedback on accessibility, feasibility, and completion of COVID-19 home testing with CHW assistance.
Author(s): Eliza Webber, Sonia Bishop, Paul K. Drain, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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Cross-Sectional Analysis of Primary Care Clinics' Policies, Practices, and Availability of Patient Support Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Examines healthcare access related to missed or no-show appointments, with a focus on patient barriers, no-show policies, and patient support services. Analyzes survey responses from Nebraska primary care clinics, examining rural versus urban differences in clinic ability to address social determinants of health (SDOH).
Author(s): Kendra L. Ratnapradipa, Runqiu Wang, Josiane Kabayundo, et al.
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 24, 279
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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Advancing Equity in Challenging Times: A Qualitative Study of Telehealth Expansion And Changing Patient–Provider Relationships In Primary Care Settings During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Examines the expansion of telehealth services during the COVID-19 pandemic and potential access issues related to technical and workforce barriers. Analyzes interview data from primary healthcare providers to explore challenges such as reduced team-based care coordination, technological difficulties, loss of nonverbal communication, and equity issues for vulnerable groups, including those in rural areas.
Author(s): Monisa Aijaz, Valerie A Lewis, Genevra F Murray
Citation: Digital Health, 10
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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Helping Families Through Upheaval: How Home Visiting Programs Supported Families' Economic Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Examines how early childhood home visiting programs continued to support families during the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizes interviews and existing literature of 9 programs to understand economic struggles, housing, transportation, medical care and health insurance, employment, and more. Provides reflections on the challenges experienced in underserved communities, including rural.
Author(s): Sarah Avellar, Jill Filene, Megan Hague Angus, Anna Beckham, Patrice Cachat
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Human Biomonitoring Without In-Person Interaction: Public Health Engagements During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Future Implications
Examines engagement approaches of biomonitoring and discusses the feasibility of utilizing non-contact methods for public health research. Analyzes distance-based approaches for research such as recruitment mailers, phone conversations, internet surveys, and self-collected and shipped samples. Includes reflections on non-contact methods to engage rural populations in research during the COVID-19 pandemic and in the future.
Author(s): Alyssa J. Mattson, Jiali Yu, Elizabeth M. Miller, et al.
Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology, 24, 53
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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