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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Infectious diseases

Rural AIDS Diagnoses in Florida: Changing Demographics and Factors Associated With Survival
Reports on a study comparing demographic characteristics of rural and urban Floridians diagnosed with AIDS from 1993-2007. Looks at age, race, and mode of transmission, as well as other factors. Compares survival rates of rural and urban populations.
Author(s): Mary Jo Trepka, Theophile Niyonsenga, Lorene M. Maddox, Spencer Lieb
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 29(3), 266-280
Date: 06/2013
Type: Document
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All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among US Youth: Socioeconomic and Rural-Urban Disparities and International Patterns
Analyzes the socioeconomic and rural-urban disparities in all-cause mortality and mortality from leading causes of death, including homicide, suicide, unintentional injuries, and HIV/AIDS, among U.S. youth aged 15–24.
Author(s): Gopal K. Singh, Romuladus E. Azuine, Mohammad Siahpush, Michael D. Kogan
Citation: Journal of Urban Health, 90(3), 388-405
Date: 06/2013
Type: Document
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Utility of an Interactive Voice Response System to Assess Antiretroviral Pharmacotherapy Adherence among Substance Users Living with HIV/AIDS in the Rural South
Examines a telephone-based interactive voice response self-monitoring system to measure the likelihood of daily HIV medication adherence and effects on rural substance users living with HIV/AIDS.
Author(s): Jalie A. Tucker, Cathy A. Simpson, Jin Huang, David L. Roth, Katharine E. Stewart
Citation: AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 27(5), 280-286
Date: 05/2013
Type: Document
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Integrating Routine HIV Screening into a Primary Care Setting in Rural North Carolina
Summarizes the results of a survey taken by rural North Carolina African American residents who were offered a rapid HIV screening test in a primary healthcare setting. Includes sample survey questions and data on reasons for declining screening test.
Author(s): James L. Harmon, Michelle Collins-Ogle, John A. Bartlett, Julie Thompson, Julie Barroso
Citation: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 25(1), 70-82
Date: 04/2013
Type: Document
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Infectious Enteritis and Foodborne Illness in the United States, 2010
Provides data on hospital inpatient stays and treat-and-release emergency department (ED) visits for infectious enteritis and foodborne noninfectious gastroenteritis and diarrhea. Includes data by location of patient's residence for urban and rural areas.
Author(s): Jennifer Lucado, Shamis Mohamoud, Lan Zhao, Anne Elixhauser
Date: 03/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Measuring Socioeconomic Inequality in the Incidence of AIDS: Rural-urban Considerations
Presents a study on the role socioeconomic status (SES) as a risk factor in the incidence of HIV/AIDS. Compares data from rural and urban areas of Florida. Discusses SES indicators factored into the study, such as poverty status, access to a car, and unemployment, among others.
Author(s): Theophile Niyonsenga, Mary Jo Trepka, Spencer Lieb, Lorene M. Maddox
Citation: AIDS and Behavior, 17(2), 700-709
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
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HPV Vaccination Among Young Adult Women: A Perspective From Appalachian Kentucky
Addresses rural women's reasons for declining the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine or failing to complete the 3-dose regimen. Includes data from telephone interviews with 17 women aged 18-26.
Author(s): Laurel A. Mills, Katharine J. Head, Robin C. Vanderpool
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 10
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
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Does Core Area Theory Apply to STIs in Rural Environments?
Examines whether geographical core areas for gonorrhea and syphilis exist in rural versus urban North Carolina. Includes spatial analysis and maps of gonorrhea and syphilis rates by census tract, clusters overlaid on rural urban commuting areas, and clusters overlaid with each other.
Author(s): Dionne C. Gesink, Ashleigh B. Sullivan, Todd Norwood, Marc L. Serre, William C. Miller
Citation: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 40(1), 32-40
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
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Rural Residence and Adoption of a Novel HIV Therapy in a National, Equal-Access Healthcare System
Reports the results of a study examining the use of raltegravir, the first HIV integrase inhibitor, in Veterans Affairs (VA) patients. Provides rural versus urban participant characteristic statistics by race/ethnicity, AIDS defining illness, substance abuse, and more. Includes a discussion of barriers to new forms of HIV treatment for rural residents, such as geographic distance, transportation, and limited access to specialists in the field.
Author(s): Michael Ohl, Brian Lund, Pamela S. Belperio, et al.
Citation: AIDS and Behavior, 17(1), 250-259
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
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Emergency Department Visits and Hospital Inpatient Stays for Seasonal and 2009 H1N1 Influenza, 2008-2009
Compares emergency department visits and hospitalizations for influenza in a typical year, 2008, with 2009's H1N1 pandemic. Includes data by location of the patient's residence, for urban and rural areas.
Author(s): Lori Uscher-Pines, Anne Elixhauser
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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