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Resources by Topic: Racial and ethnic groups

The Restoring Hope for Mental Health and Well-Being Act of 2022 (Division FF, Title I of P.L. 117-328, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023): Section-by-Section Summary
Provides a section-by-section summary of the Restoring Hope for Mental Health and Well-Being Act, which was enacted as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023 (P.L. 117-328) and reauthorized or amended specific federal programs related to mental health and substance use. Includes information on programs targeted to, or extending eligibility to, tribes and tribal organizations.
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Congressional Research Service
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Clinical Risk and Outpatient Therapy Utilization for COVID-19 in the Medicare Population
Evaluates COVID-19 treatment disparities among Medicare beneficiaries, with comparisons by age, race and ethnicity, Medicaid eligibility, nursing home use, telemedicine use, rural/urban status, and more. Utilizes Medicare Master Beneficiary Summary and Standard Analytic Claim files for the year 2022. Provides data on rates of COVID-19 therapy use, including medication, hospitalization, and outpatient treatment. Highlights undertreatment experienced by populations with high risk of severe infection.
Author(s): Andrew D. Wilcock, Stephen Kissler, Ateev Mehrotra
Citation: JAMA Health Forum, 5(1), e235044
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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The Prevalence of Bilateral Hearing Loss in the United States in 2019: A Small Area Estimation Modelling Approach for Obtaining National, State, and County Level Estimates by Demographic Subgroup
Estimates rates and totals of mild, moderate, and severe bilateral hearing loss by age group, gender, race and ethnicity, state, and county. Utilizes data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, American Community Survey, Census County Business Patterns, and Social Security Administration, among others. Includes discussion of rural-urban hearing loss disparities, and identifies county characteristics associated with higher hearing loss prevalence.
Author(s): David B. Rein, Carolina Franco, Nicholas S. Reed, et al.
Citation: The Lancet Regional Health - Americas, 100670
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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How Does Cost Affect Access to Healthcare?
Explores trends in how costs affect access to healthcare using data from the 2022 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Covers the percentage of adults who delayed or went without care due to cost. Presents data by income level, health status, race and ethnicity, insurance status, and urban/rural residence. Also discusses insulin users who rationed insulin due to costs and the impact of medical debt on accessing care.
Author(s): Shameek Rakshit, Krutika Amin, Cynthia Cox
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: KFF, Peterson Center on Healthcare
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Housing Issues in the 118th Congress
Provides an overview of housing-related policy issues considered by the 118th Congress, including rural and Native American housing programs.
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Congressional Research Service
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Unequal Treatment Revisited - The Current State of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care: Proceedings of a Workshop
Highlights the proceedings of a workshop on addressing racial and ethnic disparities and equitable healthcare delivery. Presents care perspectives for American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities, among others. Discusses health equity research strategies and challenges.
Author(s): Board on Health Care Services
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Among the American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) Population Aged 12 or Older
Highlights data from the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health pertaining specifically to American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) over the age of 12. Compares AI/AN rates of drug use and mental illness, as well as co-occurring disorders, to rates for the U.S. as a whole.
Date: 01/2024
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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The Impact of Fentanyl on State- and County-Level Psychostimulant and Cocaine Overdose Death Rates by Race in Ohio from 2010 to 2020: A Time Series and Spatiotemporal Analysis
Analyzes the role of fentanyl in overdose deaths in Ohio. Examines 2010-2020 state- and county-level overdose mortality rates with data further broken down by drug type and race/ethnicity. Discusses related geographical factors such as rurality and Appalachian region.
Author(s): Angela T. Estadt, Brian N. White, JaNelle M. Ricks, et al.
Citation: Harm Reduction Journal, 21, 13
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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Cosecha: A Statewide Promotor de Salud Network to Attain Equity in Accessing COVID-19 Services in Florida's Farmworker Corridor
Describes the activities of a network of promotores de salud, or community health workers, promoting equitable access to COVID-19 services, including vaccination, among rural, migrant Latinx farmworkers in Florida from November 2021 to July 2022. Discusses program implementation, evaluation, sustainability, outcomes, and more.
Author(s): Anna Villagomez, Robin Lewy, Bruce Tyler, Jonathan Castro, Zorayda Avila
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 114(S1), S74-S77
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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Veterans Health: VA Should Improve Its Monitoring of Severe Maternal Complications and Mental Health Screenings
Examines Veterans Administration (VA) data on deaths and severe maternal morbidity among pregnant and postpartum veterans from fiscal year 2011 through 2020. Explores actions the VA has taken to monitor maternal health outcomes among pregnant and postpartum veterans and the extent to which the VA facilitates mental health screenings for these veterans. Offers recommendations to the VA regarding monitoring trends in severe maternal morbidity by veteran characteristics and maternity care coordinators' screening of veterans for mental health conditions. Includes rural references throughout.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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