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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Racial and ethnic groups

Kinship/Grandfamilies: The Role of Area Agencies on Aging and Title VI Native American Aging Programs
Provides an overview of kinship/grandfamilies, as well as the challenges kin/grandfamily caregivers may face. Presents results of a poll of Area Agencies on Aging and Title VI Native American Aging Programs regarding programs and services targeted specifically to kinship/grandfamilies. Details the length of time kinship/grandfamily programs have been in place, services provided by these programs, the number of families served, funding streams, and more. Highlights a program example in rural Tennessee.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USAging
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Variations in Affordability of Health Care by Non-Metropolitan/Metropolitan and Race/Ethnicity Status across Eight Geographically Dispersed States
Examines affordability of healthcare in terms of healthcare coverage, forgone healthcare due to cost, forgone medications due to cost, and needing to pay back healthcare bills over time. Analyzes data from respondents aged 18-64 participating in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey, with information broken down by race/ethnicity and metropolitan versus non-metropolitan.
Author(s): Whitney E. Zahnd, Radhika Ranganathan, Elizabeth L. Crouch, et al.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Ohio Health Value Dashboard: A Closer Look at Outdoor Air Pollution and Health
Discusses the causes of air pollution in Ohio and the impact of air quality on population and individual health. Examines air pollution exposure by race/ethnicity and county. Provides suggestions for policies that can improve air quality and population health.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Policy Institute of Ohio
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'A Life-Changing Partnership': First Tribally-Affiliated Medical School in the U.S. Builds Workforce Pipeline to Underserved Communities
Describes how Oklahoma State University's College of Osteopathic Medicine at the Cherokee Nation is preparing students to work in rural and tribal settings. Highlights how cultural competence is included the curriculum and training opportunities.
Author(s): Gretel Kauffman
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Racial and Ethnic Differences in COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage Among Children and Adolescents Aged 5–17 Years and Parental Intent to Vaccinate Their Children — National Immunization Survey–Child COVID Module, United States, December 2020–September 2022
Reports on racial and ethnic differences in COVID-19 vaccination status and parental intent to vaccinate for children and adolescents aged 5-17 years. Includes data by urbanicity for those living in metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Madeleine R. Valier, Laurie D. Elam-Evans, Yi Mu, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 72(1), 1-8
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Environmental Factors for Hearing Loss and Middle Ear Disease in Alaska Native Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Analysis from a Cluster Randomized Trial
Study examining infection-related hearing loss in Alaska Native children in relation to environmental factors, including exposure to cigarette smoke, wood smoke, and access to running water. Analyzes data from 1,634 children who participated in school hearing screenings between 2017 and 2019.
Author(s): Kelli Hicks, Samantha Kleindienst, Alyssa Platt, et al.
Citation: Ear and Hearing, 44(1), 2-9
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
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Understanding Opioid Use Within a Southwestern American Indian Reservation Community: A Qualitative Study
Examines motivations, consequences, and general impact of opioid use among youth and young adult American Indians based on interviews with 18 individuals living in a Southwestern reservation community. Discusses prevention efforts such as family-based services and community program interventions.
Author(s): Emma Waugh, Jerreed Ivanich, Victoria O'Keefe, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 39(1), 179-185
Date: 2023
Type: Document
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Roles of Race and Residence on the Incidence of Sexually Transmitted Infections in South Carolina: Improving STD Prevention and Care Through Partnerships
Slides that depict information from two presentations. The first explores the associations of race and rurality in relationship to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among Medicaid beneficiaries in South Carolina. Utilizes South Carolina Medicaid administrative claims data from 2019 to 2021 to examine STI and HIV incidence with data broken down by age, gender, race/ethnicity, comorbidity index, urban versus rural location, and county. The second analyzes the need to provide STI care in primary health clinics and reports on case studies from 4 rural clinics who discuss a gap in STI screening and treatment as well as barriers such as workforce capacity, structural issues, and stigma.
Author(s): Elizabeth Crouch, Theodoros V. Giannouchos, Melinda A. Merrell
Date: 12/2022
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Disparities in Patient Portal Access by U.S. Adults Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Reports on a population-based survey to determine if socio-demographic disparities exist in accessing online patient portals. Using data from the 2020 U.S. Health Information National Trends Survey, insured adults who had a medical visit in the previous 12 months were asked about their knowledge, access, and use of online medical records. Demographic characteristics of patients who were offered access, and for patients who accessed online portals are compared. Reasons for not using an online portal are discussed. Additional comparisons on usage are shown regarding education, race/ethnicity, sex, age, location (metro vs nonmetro/rural), insurance type, use of internet, and quality of care.
Author(s): Akira Nishii, Celeste Campos-Castillo, Denise Anthony
Citation: JAMIA Open, 5(4)
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
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Medicare Beneficiaries' Use of Audio-Only Health Care Services
Describes the use of audio-only telehealth services among Medicare beneficiaries before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Presents data on the use of telehealth by age, number of chronic conditions, service type and modality, race and ethnicity, urbanicity, and outpatient facility provider type.
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bipartisan Policy Center
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