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Resources by Topic: Rural-urban differences

Geographic Variation in Trauma Deaths in Rural Illinois: A Hypothesis about Trauma Deserts
Analyzes the relationship between trauma deserts and trauma mortality in Illinois counties. Includes metro versus nonmetro comparisons of mortality rates due to various health conditions, as well as driving distances to the nearest emergency medical services (EMS) by county.
Author(s): Adee Athiyaman
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs
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Changes in Buprenorphine Prescribing in Community Health Centers
Analyzes changes from 2016 to 2021 in prescriptions of buprenorphine in Community Health Centers (CHCs) to treat opioid addiction. Utilizes data from the OCHIN Inc network of CHCs to analyze patient and clinic/clinician characteristics, including rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Daniel M. Hartung, Robert W. Voss, Steffani R. Bailey, Nathalie Huguet, John Muench
Citation: JAMA Health Forum, 5(4)
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Breast Density Knowledge and Willingness to Delay Treatment for Pre-Operative Breast Cancer Imaging Among Women with a Personal History of Breast Cancer
Examines women's knowledge related to breast density and cancer diagnoses and how that impacts their decision to undergo pre-operative imaging. Utilizes Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC) data to analyze breast density knowledge and concern, clinical characteristics, and odds of being willing to delay treatment for additional testing. Includes demographic data on patients' breast density exam results, including rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Rebecca E. Smith, Brian L. Sprague, Louise M. Henderson, et al.
Citation: Breast Cancer Research, 26, 73
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Diabetes and the Social, Biologic, and Behavioral Determinants of Endometrial Cancer in the United States
Examines factors associated with endometrial cancer, including biologic, behavioral, and social determinants of health (SDOH). Analyzes variables such as status of endometrial cancer and/or diabetes, behavioral health factors, biologic factors, and various SDOH, including rural versus urban county.
Author(s): Nour Massouh, Ayad A. Jaffa, Miran A. Jaffa
Citation: BMC Cancer, 24, 540
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Rural Communities of Color Are Overrepresented among Community Disaster Resilience Zones
Analysis of the rurality of community disaster resilience zones (CDRZs), a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) designation that offers priority federal support for preparation for and response to disasters. Includes data breakdown by remoteness and distribution of people of color. Discusses rates of philanthropic giving.
Author(s): Anne N. Junod, Violet Sulka/Hewes, Amy Rogin
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Urban Institute
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Vitamin D Levels and SARS-CoV-2 Infection among Medically Underserved Populations in the Minority and Rural Coronavirus Insights Study
Analyzes associations between SARS-CoV-2 infection and vitamin D status among 3187 Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) patients, with comparisons by race and other demographic factors. Discusses COVID-19 disparities among underserved populations. Includes data on SARS-CoV-2 infection and vitamin D deficiency among rural people.
Author(s): Makella S. Coudray, Shantoy Hansel, Salvatore Alesci, et al.
Citation: Viruses, 16(4), 639
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Quick Facts 2022
Provides statistics on motor vehicle crashes in 2020-2022, with breakdowns including fatalities, injuries, vehicle type, alcohol-impaired-driving, seat belt use, children, older population, and rural or urban location.
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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The Dynamic Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease Among People Living with HIV: A Real-World Data Study
Analyzes the relationship between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and people living with HIV (PLWH) in South Carolina. Examines risk factors for CVD among PLWH by breaking down data by health status and sociodemographic variables, including rural versus urban residence.
Author(s): Ziang Liu, Jiajia Zhang, Xueying Yang, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 24, 1162
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Does Engagement Matter? The Impact of Patient and Community Engagement on Implementation of Cardiovascular Health Materials in Primary Care Settings
Analyzes New Mexico and Colorado primary care practices' uptake of cardiovascular disease prevention materials produced through Boot Camp Translation (BCT), a participatory research strategy where community members and patients adapt medical information into messages and materials that reflect local culture and language. Compares practices' likelihood of selecting materials produced locally and by demographically and geographically similar BCTs.
Author(s): Linda Zittleman, John M. Westfall, Danelle Callen, et al.
Citation: BMC Primary Care, 25, 135
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Disparities in Maternal Health Visits Between Rural and Urban Communities in the United States, 2016–2018
Analyzes data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System between 2016 and 2018 to compare rural and urban differences in prepregnancy, prenatal, and postpartum healthcare access and quality for 103,425 patients in 40 states, New York City, and Puerto Rico. Includes a rural and urban break down of patient demographics, insurance status, and chronic conditions. Discusses the role telehealth may play in closing gaps in care.
Author(s): Burcu Bozkurt, Arrianna Marie Planey, Monisa Aijaz, et al.
Citation: The Permanente Journal, 2024
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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