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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Appalachia

Appalachian Versus Non-Appalachian US Traffic Fatalities, 2008-2010
Examines traffic-fatality rates in Appalachia and the non-Appalachia U.S. using Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and Census data from 2008-2010. Includes rural versus urban traffic fatality data inside and outside Appalachia, with data by gender and age group. Provides rural versus urban fatality data for passenger-vehicle drivers and passengers, motorcyclists, ATV riders, pedestrians, and bicyclists.
Author(s): Motao Zhu, Songzhu Zhao, Kelly K. Gurka, Sahiti Kandati, Jeffery H. Coben
Citation: Annals of Epidemiology, 23(6), 377-380
Date: 06/2013
Type: Document
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Barriers to Cervical Cancer Screening among Middle-Aged and Older Rural Appalachian Women
Examines middle-aged Appalachian women to determine barriers to cervical cancer screening following the PRECEDE/PROCEED framework. Table 1 lists study population characteristics and also includes the rankings of predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors of barriers to cervical cancer screening.
Author(s): Christina R. Studts, Yelena N. Tarasenko, Nancy E. Schoenberg
Citation: Journal of Community Health, 38(3), 500-512
Date: 06/2013
Type: Document
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Inconsistencies Between Medical Records and Patient-Reported Recommendations for Follow-Up after Abnormal Pap Tests
Examines inconsistencies between self-reports and health department records for recommended follow-ups after an abnormal pap test in rural Appalachian women. Includes statistics, such as participant characteristics, and compares patients' self-reported recommendations for follow-ups with those of health departments.
Author(s): Stacey Slone, Carol White, Brent Shelton, et al.
Citation: Journal of Women's Health, 22(2), 147-152
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
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HPV Vaccination Among Young Adult Women: A Perspective From Appalachian Kentucky
Addresses rural women's reasons for declining the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine or failing to complete the 3-dose regimen. Includes data from telephone interviews with 17 women aged 18-26.
Author(s): Laurel A. Mills, Katharine J. Head, Robin C. Vanderpool
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 10
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
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Individual and Network Factors Associated With Prevalent Hepatitis C Infection Among Rural Appalachian Injection Drug Users
Examines the connection between injection drug users and Hepatitis C infections in rural Kentucky. Features statistics with breakdowns including sex, age, race, ethnicity, and various risk behaviors.
Author(s): Jennifer R. Havens, Michelle R. Lofwall, Simon D. W. Frost, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 103(1), 44-52
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
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Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet in a Rural Appalachian Food Desert
Describes predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors that affect eating a Mediterranean diet in a rural Appalachian food desert in Kentucky. Includes study participant characteristics, such as age, education, and household income.
Author(s): Frances Hardin-Fanning
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 13(1), 2293
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
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Individual-, Family-, Community-, and Policy-Level Impact of a School-Based Cardiovascular Risk Detection Screening Program for Children in Underserved, Rural Areas: The CARDIAC Project
Examines the evidence of sustainability and successful impact of Coronary Artery Risk Detection In Appalachian Communities (CARDIAC), a school-based cardiovascular risk detection program, for children who are obese and overweight in underserved, rural Appalachian West Virginia.
Author(s): Lesley Cottrell, Collin John, Emily Murphy, et al.
Citation: Journal of Obesity, 732579
Date: 2013
Type: Document
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Preconception Health Indicators: A Comparison Between Non-Appalachian and Appalachian Women
Examines the preconception health indicators among non-pregnant women aged 18-44 years residing in Appalachian and non-Appalachian counties in 13 U.S. states. Includes a figure illustrating the county economic status in Appalachia. Covers demographic characteristics by county economic status and intervention implications for Appalachia women to improve preconception health.
Author(s): Vanessa L. Short, Reena Oza-Frank, Elizabeth J. Conrey
Citation: Maternal and Child Health Journal, 16(2), 238-249
Date: 12/2012
Type: Document
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Predictors of Access to Healthcare: What Matters to Rural Appalachians?
Examines a rural Appalachian community's perceived access to healthcare and identifies the predictors of access to healthcare in a poor, rural, medically undeserved area.
Author(s): Susan L. Wilson, Cynthia Kratzke, Jill Hoxmeier
Citation: Global Journal of Health Science, 4(6), 23-35
Date: 11/2012
Type: Document
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Main Challenges Facing the Pharmaceutical Sector in Buchanan County, Virginia: A Pilot Study
Discusses the challenges facing the pharmaceutical component of rural community health care. Provides suggestions for improving the sector in Buchanan County, Virginia, a poor and marginalized area in Central Appalachia.
Author(s): Paul Gavaza, Wenfei Yan, Jennifer Campbell
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 12(4), 2125
Date: 11/2012
Type: Document
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