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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency department and urgent care services

QuickStats: Percentage of Emergency Department Visits for Acute Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infection That Had an Antimicrobial Ordered or Prescribed, by Metropolitan Statistical Area — United States, 2008–2015
Bar chart showing metropolitan and nonmetropolitan emergency department visits for acute viral upper respiratory tract infection that had an antimicrobial ordered or prescribed, with data for 2008–2011 compared to 2012–2015.
Location: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 67(3), 111
Date: 01/2018
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Emerging Strategies to Ensure Access to Health Care Services: Emergency Medical Center
Provides an overview of the emergency medical center (EMC) model, which would allow struggling hospitals to convert to EMC status and provide emergency and outpatient services, without having to provide inpatient acute care services. Also outlines rural-specific federal policy proposals that seek to create similar hospital designations, with the goal of improving access to and the delivery of care in underserved communities.
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Ensuring Access with a Hospital’s Conversion to a Freestanding Emergency Department
Outlines Ellijay, Georgia-based North Georgia Medical Center's transition from a traditional community hospital to a freestanding emergency department (ED). Shares administrative, legal, and logistical challenges that, once overcome, resulted in Piedmont Mountainside Hospital Emergency Services - a successful, community-focused freestanding ED.
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association Section for Small or Rural Hospitals
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Emerging Strategies to Ensure Access to Health Care Services: Urgent Care Centers
Outlines a strategy to improve access to and delivery of care by creating urgent care centers (UCCs), and offers federal policy solutions to promote the effective adoption of the UCC model.
Additional links: Is the Urgent Care Center the Right Strategy for your Community?
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Trends in Emergency Department Visits, 2006–2014
Presents information on emergency department (ED) visits and trends in the U.S. between 2006 and 2014. Based on data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), shows ED visit frequency by age, sex, metro/nonmetro location, primary payer type, region, diagnosis, and several other indicators.
Author(s): Brian J. Moore, Carol Stocks, Pamela L. Owens
Date: 09/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2014 Emergency Department Summary Tables
Provides data on ambulatory care emergency department hospital visits. Table 1 includes brief metro/non-metro overview information, and Table 15 has metro/non-metro injury visit data.
Date: 09/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Annual Surveillance Report of Drug-Related Risks and Outcomes--United States, 2017
Summarizes latest information on opioid prescribing from 2006-2016; drug use, misuse, and substance use disorder from 2014-2015; nonfatal overdose hospitalizations and emergency department visits from 2014; and drug overdose mortality from 1999-2015. Features statistics with breakdowns by large metropolitan, small metropolitan, non-metropolitan urbanized, non-metropolitan less urbanized, and completely rural.
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Improving Access to High Quality Sepsis Care in a South Dakota Emergency Telemedicine Network
Research and policy brief exploring whether emergency department-based telemedicine networks using real-time access to sepsis experts can improve outcomes and decrease variation in care. Discusses a pilot program for Critical Access Hospitals in South Dakota-based Avera Health's 140-hospital network in 12 states. Includes statistics for patients with positive sepsis screens from Sept. 2016 to March 2017.
Author(s): Nicholas M. Mohr, Brian Skow, Amy Wittrock, et al.
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Telehealth Research Center
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Patient Residence Characteristics of Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Nationally and by State, 2014
Provides data on opioid-related hospital inpatient stays and emergency department (ED) visits from 2005 to 2014. Includes data by location of patient residence for metropolitan and rural areas. Identifies states where the highest rates of opioid-related inpatient stays and ED visits are in rural areas. Also provides data by community-level income.
Author(s): Audrey J. Weiss, Molly K. Bailey, Lauren O’Malley, et al.
Date: 07/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Use of the Emergency Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse among Women
Fact sheet identifying trends among urban and rural women who utilize the emergency department (ED) for treatment of substance abuse (SA) and/or mental health (MH) issues. Research seeks to help communities understand who is using the ED for MH and SA so they can provide more effective, less costly care.
Author(s): Shawnda Schroeder, Mandi-Leigh Peterson, Jordan Jaeger
Date: 07/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
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