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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency department and urgent care services

Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Involving Traumatic Brain Injury, 2017
Examines initial and subsequent traumatic brain injury (TBI) related inpatient stays and treat-and-release emergency department (ED) visits. Includes data by location of patient residence for metropolitan, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote areas.
Author(s): Lawrence D. Reid, Kathryn R. Fingar
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Potential Predictors of Hospital Length of Stay and Hospital Charges among Patients with All-terrain Vehicle Injuries in Rural Northeast Texas
Examines which factors associated with all-terrain vehicle injuries are predictive of hospital length of stay and hospital charges in rural Northeast Texas. Analyzes how facility of treatment, injury severity, and initial emergency department vital signs are correlated to hospital length of stay and cost of care.
Author(s): Anastasia Miller, Jeanie D. Gallegly, Gabriela Orsak, et al.
Citation: Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 12(1), 55-62
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2017 Emergency Department Summary Tables
Provides data on ambulatory care emergency department (ED) hospital visits. Table 1 provides metropolitan/nonmetropolitan ED visit data based on hospital location, Table 2 includes metro/nonmetro ED visit data by location of patient residence, and Table 14 has metro/nonmetro injury visit data based on hospital location.
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Trends in Opioids Prescribed at Discharge From Emergency Departments Among Adults: United States, 2006–2017
Examines trends in emergency department (ED) discharge opioid prescribing for adults from 2006–2007 through 2016–2017. Provides data by selected patient and hospital characteristics and the type of opioids prescribed. Table 1 includes data on the percent of ED patients prescribed an opioid at discharge by location of patient residence for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas.
Author(s): Pinyao Rui, Loredana Santo, Jill J. Ashman
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Annual Surveillance Report of Drug-related Risks and Outcomes, 2019
Summarizes latest information on opioid prescribing, drug use, and overdose mortality from 2018-2019. Features statistics with breakdowns by large metropolitan, small metropolitan, non-metropolitan urbanized, non-metropolitan less urbanized, and completely rural. Highlights notable differences in the report from 2018 to 2019.
Date: 2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Health Impact of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on St Thomas and St John, US Virgin Islands, 2017–2018
Assesses the impacts of Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Maria on the healthcare infrastructure and record keeping systems of St. Thomas and St. John, Virgin Islands. Discusses interviews and data drawn from emergency department records before, between, and after the hurricanes, including statistics on patient demographics and healthcare service usage by health condition. Describes the significant damage to the Schneider Regional Medical Center (SRMC) hospital, the only emergency hospital on the island, during and after the hurricanes, and the impact of that damage on healthcare services.
Author(s): Muhammad Abdul Baker Chowdhury, Andrew Fiore, Scott Cohen, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 109(12), 1725-1732
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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An Analysis of Utah's Emergency Department Non-traumatic Dental Visits 2007-2017
Report explores the non-traumatic oral healthcare visits handled by emergency departments in Utah from 2007 to 2017. Looks at data by rural and urban hospital location, diagnosis, and payers, among other measures.
Author(s): Michelle Martin, Michelle Silver, Brittney Okada, et al.
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Utah Department of Health
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Inpatient Hospital Stays and Emergency Department Visits Involving Influenza, 2006–2016
Examines inpatient stays and treat-and-release emergency department visits with an influenza diagnosis from the 2006–2007 flu season through the 2015–2016 flu season. Covers in-hospital mortality rates, average stay length, and cost. Includes data by patient location for metropolitan areas, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote areas.
Author(s): Kathryn R. Fingar, Lan Liang, Carol Stocks
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Traumatic Injury and Access to Care in Rural Areas: Leveraging Linked Data and Geographic Information Systems for Planning and Advocacy
Analyzes county-level data representing traumatic injury rates in rural Colorado. Discusses challenges to trauma care in rural areas, including distance to trauma centers, rates of injury, prevention resources, EMS response times, and limited EMS capacity. Includes county-level maps showing transportation time to trauma centers, mortality rates, and hospitalization rates for traumatic injury.
Author(s): Paula Yuma, Rebecca Orsi, Julie Dunn, et al.
Citation: Rural Remote Health, 19(3), 5089
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
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Violence Against Hospital Workers: Growing Awareness, Rural Interventions, and Why It Still Goes Unreported
Provides an overview of workplace violence in healthcare settings. Features rural hospitals in Oregon and Idaho that are undertaking a range of prevention activities addressing workplace violence. Also features research findings from a Michigan healthcare system study on the topic, and identifies resources and tools that rural hospital leaders can use to help protect hospital staff.
Author(s): Jenn Lukens
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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