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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency department and urgent care services

Mental Health Service Use, Suicide Behavior, and Emergency Department Visits Among Rural US Veterans Who Received Video-Enabled Tablets During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Results of a study to examine whether a United States Veterans Affairs initiative to distribute video-enabled tablets during the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with mental healthcare access, suicide behavior, or emergency department (ED) visits among rural veterans. Features demographics and statistics on mental health services use and ED visits, with breakdowns by tablet recipients and nonrecipients.
Author(s): Kritee Gujral, James Van Campen, Josephine Jacobs, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(4)
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Increasing Access to Vaccination Opportunities: COVID-19 Vaccination upon Discharge from Hospitals, Emergency Departments, and Urgent Care Facilities
Provides information on how jurisdictions can help hospitals, emergency departments, and urgent care facilities provide COVID-19 vaccinations to patients being discharged. Includes a list of best practices for facilities, information on billing, and more.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Emergency Department Visit Rates by Selected Characteristics: United States, 2019
Describes emergency department visit rates in 2019 using data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). Presents data by selected patient characteristics including metropolitan statistical area status, age, sex, race and ethnicity, and health insurance status.
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Rural Health Research Recap: Opioid Use Disorder and Treatment: Rural-Urban Comparisons
Summary of research on opioid use disorder (OUD) among youth, young adults, and pregnant women, the impact of OUD on hospitals and emergency departments, and the use of buprenorphine and partial psychiatric hospitalization programs as treatment for OUD. Features statistics including population-adjusted emergency department rates per 100 people from 2005-2016 and opioid-related emergency room visit rates per 100,000 people in 2006 and 2013, with breakdowns by urban or rural location.
Author(s): Per Ostmo
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Critical Access Hospital Financial and Operational Best Practices
Webinar recording that discusses rural hospital operations, with a focus on Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs). Covers inpatient services, emergency services, quality improvement, managing revenue cycle, and other financial topics. Transcript available by clicking on the three dots blow the video and selecting "Open transcript."
Date: 01/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organizations: Oklahoma Office of Rural Health, Stroudwater Associates
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Caring for People with Serious Illness: Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic: Proceedings from a Workshop
Proceedings from a three-part workshop to explore the initial responses to the pandemic by healthcare teams providing care to people with serious illness, the impact of the pandemic on the healthcare workforce, use of telehealth, issues related to communicating with the public about health emergencies, and policy opportunities to improve care for people with serious illness. Mentions rural throughout.
Additional links: Read Online
Date: 2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Evidence Map: Implementation Factors Influencing the Transition from Emergency to Outpatient Care Settings
Summarizes available research on interventions to improve transitions from emergency department to outpatient care settings across health systems and identifies key findings. Discusses common intervention barriers, including rural residence and transportation, and facilitators.
Additional links: Supplemental Materials
Author(s): Karli Kondo, Johanna Anderson, Sarah Young, Rachel Ward
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: VA Health Services Research & Development Service
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Most Frequent Reasons for Emergency Department Visits, 2018
Report examining emergency department visits based on 2018 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) data. Breaks down visits by diagnosis, and offers rates of ED visits resulting in hospital admission and treat-and-release ED visits by rural, medium and small metro, and large metro residence, gender, age, and region.
Author(s): Audrey J. Weiss, H. Joanna Jiang
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Implementation and Initial Evaluation of Falls Risk Reduction Resources in a Rural Native American Community
Presents a study evaluating fall prevention interventions aimed at elders at a rural Indian Health Services Center. Breaks down data by the percentage of participants with fall risk, those that had a fall after the intervention, and those that required a visit to the emergency department after their fall, among other efficacy measure.
Author(s): Kyle M. Knight
Citation: Injury Epidemiology, 8(66)
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
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North Dakota Department of Health Biennial Report: 2019-2021
Highlights the goals and accomplishments of the North Dakota Department of Health during the 2019-2021 biennium, in the areas of community health, emergency preparedness and response, environmental health, health resources, medical services, and local public health units. Includes information on rural healthcare facilities and rural health promotion programs.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Dakota Department of Health
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