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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency department and urgent care services

Social Determinants of Health and County Population Rates of Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits, 2016
Examines characteristics of U.S. counties, comparing counties with high and low rates of opioid-related inpatient stays and treat-and-release emergency department (ED) visits among patients 15 years and older. Includes data for metro, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote counties, as well as by urban-rural location and poverty rate.
Additional links: Appendix
Author(s): Pamela L. Owens, Audrey J. Weiss, Marguerite L. Barrett, Lawrence D. Reid
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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HIV Testing Trends at Visits to Physician Offices, Community Health Centers, and Emergency Departments — United States, 2009–2017
Examines HIV testing by setting for visits of males and nonpregnant females to physician offices, community health centers, and emergency departments. Includes data for metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Karen W. Hoover, Ya-Lin A. Huang, Mary L. Tanner, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(25), 776-780
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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National Hospital Care Survey Demonstration Projects: Opioid-Involved Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths
Demonstrates a method for linking three data sets to examine opioid-involved emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and mortality. Reported results are not nationally representative. Includes analysis of opioid-involved and nonopioid-involved ED-only visits for rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Merianne Rose Spencer, Lee Anne Flagg, Geoff Jackson, Carol DeFrances, Holly Hedegaard
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Rural Health and COVID-19
Webinar recording discusses the federal government's response to the COVID-19 pandemic in rural communities in the areas of healthcare and human services. Features presentations by representatives from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Health Resources and Services Administration.
Additional links: Audio Recording, CDC Rural Health Resources, Presentation Slides, Webinar Transcript
Date: 05/2020
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Nonfatal Drug Overdoses Treated in Emergency Departments — United States, 2016–2017
Examines nonfatal overdoses for all drugs, all opioids, nonheroin opioids, heroin, benzodiazepines, and cocaine. Looks at changes from 2016 to 2017, with data by drug type, patient, facility, and visit characteristics. Includes data by county urbanization level for metropolitan and nonmetro counties.
Author(s): Alana M. Vivolo-Kantor, Brooke E. Hoots, Lawrence Scholl, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(13), 371-376
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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FH Healthcare Indicators and FH Medical Price Index 2020: An Annual View of Place of Service Trends and Medical Pricing
White paper exploring changes in healthcare utilization, demographic and geographic factors, diagnoses, costs, and procedures. Features statistics including usage of retail clinics and telehealth from 2013-2018, and urgent care, ambulatory surgery centers, and emergency rooms from 2009-2018, with breakdowns by urban and rural locations.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: FAIR Health
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Identifying Measures and Data Elements for the HRSA Evidence-Based Tele-Emergency Network Grant Program
Research brief identifying the standardized set of measures used for data collection by the Evidence-Based Tele-Emergency Network Grant Program grantees. Explores ways in which emergency department-based telehealth services can be used in rural hospital emergency departments.
Author(s): Marcia M. Ward, Fred Ullrich, Kimberly A.S. Merchant, et al.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Telehealth Research Center
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Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Involving Traumatic Brain Injury, 2017
Examines initial and subsequent traumatic brain injury (TBI) related inpatient stays and treat-and-release emergency department (ED) visits. Includes data by location of patient residence for metropolitan, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote areas.
Author(s): Lawrence D. Reid, Kathryn R. Fingar
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Potential Predictors of Hospital Length of Stay and Hospital Charges among Patients with All-terrain Vehicle Injuries in Rural Northeast Texas
Examines which factors associated with all-terrain vehicle injuries are predictive of hospital length of stay and hospital charges in rural Northeast Texas. Analyzes how facility of treatment, injury severity, and initial emergency department vital signs are correlated to hospital length of stay and cost of care.
Author(s): Anastasia Miller, Jeanie D. Gallegly, Gabriela Orsak, et al.
Citation: Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 12(1), 55-62
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2017 Emergency Department Summary Tables
Provides data on ambulatory care emergency department (ED) hospital visits. Table 1 provides metropolitan/nonmetropolitan ED visit data based on hospital location, Table 2 includes metro/nonmetro ED visit data by location of patient residence, and Table 14 has metro/nonmetro injury visit data based on hospital location.
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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