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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency department and urgent care services

The Role of the Rural General Surgeon in a Statewide Trauma System: The Wyoming Experience
Examines the role of general surgeons in Wyoming to demonstrate how important general surgeons are in rural trauma care.
Author(s): Blaine J. Ruby, Thomas H. Cogbill, Ronald S. Gardner
Citation: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons, 91(4), 37-40
Date: 04/2006
Type: Document
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Model Trauma System Planning and Evaluation
Designed to provide trauma care direction to trauma care professionals, including public health officials and health care policy experts, when developing and evaluating trauma systems.
Additional links: Trauma System Self-Assessment Supplemental Tool: Benchmarks, Indicators, and Scoring
Date: 02/2006
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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Rural and Urban Parents Report on Access to Health Care for their Children with Medicaid Managed Care
Examines rural and urban healthcare access for children age 0-17 enrolled in Medicaid managed care plans in four states: New Mexico, Washington, North Carolina, and North Dakota. Includes information on access to urgent care, prescription medications, dental care, and transportation.
Author(s): Victoria Freeman, Rebecca Slifkin, Asheley Skinner, Robert Schwartz
Date: 12/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Mental Health Encounters in Critical Access Hospital Emergency Rooms: A National Survey
Examines the extent to which Critical Access Hospital (CAH) emergency rooms are used as a mental health safety net. Investigates the types of cases that present with mental health problems, as well as the resources available to emergency room staff in CAHs for addressing such problems.
Additional links: Research and Policy Brief: Smallest Rural Hospitals Treat Mental Health Emergencies
Author(s): David Hartley, Erika Ziller, Stephenie Loux, et al.
Date: 09/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center
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Understanding the Role of the Rural Hospital Emergency Department in Responding to Bioterrorist Attacks and Other Emergencies: A Review of the Literature and Guide to the Issues
Overview of bioterrorism preparedness issues facing rural hospitals, including physical capacity, sufficiency of health personnel, preparedness plans, disease surveillance systems, and communication/coordination. Detailed review of the literature, with discussion.
Author(s): Claudia L. Schur
Date: 04/2004
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
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Emergency Department Use by Medically Indigent Rural Residents
Reports findings from a study of emergency department (ED) use to estimate uncompensated charges to rural EDs and the impact of Federally Qualified Health Centers on ED use by rural residents. Includes data on ED visit and patient characteristics by rural and urban location for the nation and for South Carolina.
Additional links: Fact Sheet
Author(s): Kevin Bennett, Janice C. Probst, Charity G. Moore, Judith A. Shinogle
Date: 07/2003
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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2019 New Mexico Emergency Department Data Annual Report
Reports on 2019 New Mexico emergency department (ED) visits by hospital, acute and chronic condition, diagnosis, and rates by age, sex, and race/ethnicity, for each of the five health regions. Includes map to show all counties within these regions.
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: New Mexico Department of Health
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HCUP Summary Trend Tables
Provides a series of data files on monthly hospital utilization data derived from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) State Inpatient Databases (SID) and HCUP State Emergency Department Databases (SEDD) beginning in January 2017. Includes state-by-state data on hospitalizations due to COVID-19, influenza, and other respiratory conditions; normal newborns and deliveries; non-elective stays admitted through emergency departments; and elective inpatient stays. Contains information on urban-rural locations of the hospital and patient residence.
Type: Database
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Emergency Triage, Treat, and Transport (ET3) Model
Provides information on a CMS model that permits ambulance care teams to use alternate models of emergency healthcare, such as telehealth treatment and transport to alternative destinations, to improve quality and lower costs of care. Rural Medicare-enrolled suppliers or hospital-based ambulance providers without current medical dispatch and/or telehealth are eligible to participate.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Emergency Department Transfer Communication
Provides an overview of the Emergency Department Transfer Communication (EDTC) quality measure for Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) in the Medicare Beneficiary Quality Improvement Project (MBQIP). Offers a data specifications manual and training video, as well as Excel-based data collection tools, manual, and training video. Includes a technical expert panel summary and final summary report.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Stratis Health
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