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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency department and urgent care services

Emergency Department Visits for Adults in Community Hospitals, 2008
Uses statistics from the 2008 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample to analyze rates of emergency room visits. Compares data by demographics, acute vs. chronic care, rural vs. urban, high-income vs. low-income, and admissions vs. treat-and-release.
Author(s): Pamela L. Owens, Ryan Mutter
Date: 11/2010
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Use of Emergency Departments for Conditions Related to Poor Oral Health Care
Reports findings from a study of seven states that looked at use of emergency departments to address oral health needs. Provides data for rural and urban areas and discusses the potential impacts of differences in state Medicaid policies.
Author(s): Emily F. Shortridge, Jonathan R. Moore
Date: 08/2010
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
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Pediatric Care in Rural Hospital Emergency Departments
Analyzes data from the Emergency Pediatric Services and Equipment Supplement (EPSES) to the National Hospital Ambulatory Medicare Care Survey comparing rural and urban hospitals' responses on various dimensions of pediatric Emergency Department care.
Author(s): Victoria A. Freeman, Randy K. Randolph, Stephanie Poley, Sarah Friedman, Rebecca T. Slifkin
Date: 05/2010
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Occupational Injury and Treatment Patterns of Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers
Highlights a study based on a survey of migrant and seasonal workers in Maine and New York regarding occupational injuries and treatment locations. Breaks down rate of migrant health center and emergency room utilization, as well as the rate of injuries treated elsewhere and those that went untreated.
Author(s): Melissa A. Brower, Giulia B. Earle-Richardson, John J. May, Paul L. Jenkins
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 14(2), 172-178
Date: 05/2009
Type: Document
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Hospital Emergency Departments: Crowding Continues to Occur, and Some Patients Wait Longer than Recommended Time Frames
Provides detailed statistics on wait times in emergency departments. Includes comparison of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan emergency departments.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 05/2009
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Rural Emergency Department Staffing: Potential Implications for the Quality of Emergency Care Provided in Rural Areas
Reports results of a study of rural emergency department staffing and discusses potential implications of staffing for the quality of emergency care provided in rural areas.
Date: 08/2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
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Rural Hospital Emergency Department Quality Measures: Aggregate Data Report
Reports findings from a project that tested emergency department quality measures in a voluntary sample of Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) in Washington State.
Author(s): Jill Klingner, Ira Moscovice
Date: 03/2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
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Future of Emergency Care: Dissemination Workshop Summaries
Summarizes the proceedings of three one-day regional dissemination workshops, conducted in Salt Lake City, UT; Chicago, IL; and New Orleans, LA. Topics include pediatric emergency care and care in rural areas; workforce issues and hospital efficiency; and EMS issues and disaster preparedness.
Additional links: Read Online
Date: 2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Future of Emergency Care Series: Hospital-Based Emergency Care: At the Breaking Point
Part three in a series of three reports from the Committee on the Future of Emergency Care in the United States Health System. Examines hospital-based emergency and trauma care. Includes information on issues facing rural hospitals related to emergency care and the emergency care workforce.
Additional links: Read Online
Date: 2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Future of Emergency Care Series: Emergency Care for Children: Growing Pains
Part two in a series of three reports from the Committee on the Future of Emergency Care in the United States Health System. Examines pediatric emergency and trauma care. This report is also a follow-up to the 1993 report Emergency Medical Services for Children. Discusses issues related to rural pediatric emergency and trauma care.
Additional links: Read Online
Date: 2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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