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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Employment and unemployment

The Ecology of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
Summarizes results from an 8-state study of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), a drug withdrawal condition that may occur in newborns exposed to opioids during pregnancy. Discusses correlations to rurality, unemployment rates, poverty, and the supply of healthcare providers, and identifies potential policy interventions that could help. For interactive, county-level data, see the Simulation of County Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Rates Tool based on study findings.
Additional links: Simulation of County Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Rates Tool
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RAND Corporation
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Medicaid Work Requirements in Arkansas: Experience and Perspectives of Enrollees
Reports on focus groups with enrollees and providers regarding their perspectives of the Arkansas Works Medicaid waiver requirements. Covers enrollee awareness of the new requirements, the reporting process, impact on work activities, coverage losses, and more. Identifies challenges for rural areas.
Author(s): MaryBeth Musumeci, Robin Rudowitz, Barbara Lyons
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Unemployment Rate for Rural Veterans at Its Lowest since Before the Great Recession
Line chart showing the unemployment rate for rural veterans and rural nonveterans from 2007 through 2017. Also shows the unemployment rate for young rural veterans, ages 18 to 34.
Date: 11/2018
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Analysis of Cost-of-Living Data for Pennsylvania Counties
Features a report on the cost-of-living in Pennsylvania by county. Looks at costs of utilities, transportation, and healthcare, among others, while identifying whether or not counties are rural.
Author(s): Kenneth K.T Louie, James A. Kurre
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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Education, Income, and Employment and Prevalence of Chronic Disease Among American Indian/Alaska Native Elders
Results of a study measuring the effects of income, employment status, and education level on the rates of chronic disease among 14,632 American Indian or Alaska Native elders from 2011-2014. Features demographics with breakdowns by 10 chronic diseases.
Author(s): Collette Adamsen, Shawnda Schroeder, Steven LeMire, Paula Carter
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 15
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
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Rural Healthcare Facilities Had Modest Job Growth, but No Measurable Employment Impact on Other Sectors
Reports findings from a study of employment trends in rural healthcare between 2001 and 2015. Discusses how changes in inpatient healthcare facility jobs affect total county employment, with a comparison of impacts for micropolitan and noncore counties.
Author(s): Cristina Miller
Citation: Amber Waves
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Findings from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) 2015-2016: A Demographic and Employment Profile of United States Farmworkers
Reports on demographic and employment characteristics of hired agricultural workers in the United States. Includes data on health insurance and healthcare access, as well as information on social determinants of health such as income, education level, language skills, and housing. Based on data collected from face-to-face interviews with 5,342 crop farmworkers conducted between October 1, 2014 and September 30, 2016.
Author(s): Trish Hernandez, Susan Gabbard
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Labor
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A New Approach to Reduce Infant Mortality and Achieve Equity: Policy Recommendations to Improve Housing, Transportation, Education and Employment
Describes new strategies to reduce infant mortality in Ohio. Discusses rural perspectives on multiple topics, including social determinants of health, housing, transportation, education, and employment, and how they relate to infant mortality.
Additional links: Executive Summary, Snapshot
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Policy Institute of Ohio
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Rural Education At A Glance, 2017 Edition
Provides an overview of rural educational attainment. Compares education levels in rural and urban areas in 2000 and 2015. Also provides rural-urban data by gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Examines rural educational attainment in relation to employment, income, and poverty.
Date: 04/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Employment, Poverty, and Public Assistance in the Rural United States
Compares economic and demographic characteristics of rural counties by county income level. Includes data on employment, race/ethnicity, and English-language proficiency. Also examines reliance on public sector supports: the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and children's health insurance.
Author(s): Rebecca Glauber, Andrew Schaefer
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Carsey School of Public Policy
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