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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health disparities

Health Disparities: A Rural-Urban Chartbook
Presents data on health disparities experienced by people living in rural America. Includes national and state-level data on health status, health behaviors, healthcare access, preventive care, and diabetes care.
Additional links: Fact Sheet: Health Disparities: A Rural-Urban Chartbook, Fact Sheet: Progress in Women's Cancer Screening, But Colon Cancer Lags, Fact Sheet: Rural Minorities Lag on Flu, Pneumonia Immunization
Author(s): Kevin J. Bennett, Bankole Olatosi, Janice C. Probst
Date: 06/2008
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Challenges and Successes in Reducing Health Disparities: Workshop Summary
Examines differences in life expectancy within the U.S., the reasons for those differences, and the implications of this information for programs and policymakers. Discusses health disparities in America from the perspective of eight population groups, including two that are specifically rural.
Additional links: Read Online
Date: 2008
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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National Trends in the Perinatal and Infant Health of Rural American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs): Have the Disparities Between AI/ANs and Whites Narrowed?
Summarizes findings from a study examining trends in prenatal care receipt, low-birthweight rates, neonatal and postneonatal death rates, and cause of death among rural American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) and White populations between 1985 and 1997.
Date: 09/2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Person and Place: The Compounding Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Rurality on Health
Discusses how the research addressing rural Black, Hispanic, and American Indian/Alaska Native populations suggests that disparities in health and in healthcare access found among rural racial/ethnic minority populations are generally more severe than those among urban racial/ethnic minorities.
Author(s): Janice Probst, Charity Moore, Saundra Glover, Michael Samuels
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 94(10), 1695-1703
Date: 10/2004
Type: Document
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Broken Promises: Evaluating the Native American Health Care System
Describes the health disparities facing the Native American community, contributing barriers to healthcare access, and recommendations for improvement.
Date: 09/2004
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
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Rural Health Disparities, Population Health, and Rural Culture
Commentary discussing the rural health disparities documented in Health United States, 2001, Urban and Rural Health Chartbook. Recommends branching out from the traditional focus of rural health policy and research on access to healthcare services toward initiatives that are based on models of population health. Identifies the risky health behaviors among rural populations that suggest a "rural culture" health determinant. Suggests that there may be environmental and cultural factors unique to towns or regions that affect health behavior and health.
Author(s): David Hartley
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 94(10), 1675-1678
Date: 2004
Type: Document
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Health Disparities Experienced by American Indians and Alaska Natives
Thematic issue focused on American Indian/Alaska Native health disparities related to diabetes, cancer, bronchiolitis, injury mortality, and vaccination rates.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 52(30)
Date: 08/2003
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Unspoken Crimes: Sexual Assault in Rural America
A report focused on sexual assault from a rural perspective. Includes barriers to reporting and services, data and statistics, challenges for rural advocates and law enforcement officials, and examples of programs that have been successful in rural communities.
Author(s): Susan H. Lewis
Date: 2003
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Sexual Violence Resource Center
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One Department Serving Rural America
Reports findings from a U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) task force focused on improving healthcare and human services in rural communities. Describes health and social services challenges facing rural America, barriers to serving rural areas, and HHS-wide goals and strategies to address these concerns.
Author(s): HHS Rural Task Force
Date: 07/2002
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Minorities in Rural America
Describes the rural minority population, with demographic data and information on the economic structure and health resources available in rural minority communities. Includes separate chapters focused on rural African American, Hispanic, Native American, and Asian and Pacific Islander populations.
Author(s): Janice C. Probst, Michael E. Samuels, Kristen P. Jespersen, et al.
Date: 2002
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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