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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health workforce pipeline

Health Workforce Strategies for California: A Review of the Evidence
Examines literature and evidence on healthcare workforce strategies, discussing workforce issues in urban and rural areas in California. Describes the impacts of pipeline, scholarship, loan repayment, professional training, and residency programs, including rural-specific considerations.
Author(s): Diane Rittenhouse, Alexandra Ament, Janet Genevro, Kara Contreary
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: California Health Care Foundation, Mathematica
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Mental Health Systems Solutions Explorer
Interactive tool offering evidence-based solutions to increase mental healthcare utilization, increase access to care, and establish a continuum of care. Contains examples of each solution in practice. Solutions can be filtered to view those specifically of interest to rural communities.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Tool
Sponsoring organization: RAND Corporation
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How to Transform the U.S. Mental Health System: Evidence-based Recommendations
Discusses evidence-based strategies to promote mental healthcare utilization, improve access to care, and establish a continuum of care. Offers 15 recommendations to improve mental healthcare, including policies regarding reimbursement, workforce growth, and digital and telehealth services, among other topics. Includes rural references throughout.
Additional links: Full Report, Research Brief: Transforming Mental Health Care in the United States
Author(s): Ryan K. McBain, Nicole K. Eberhart, Joshua Breslau, et al.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RAND Corporation
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Report to the 2021 Legislature: Annual Report on Findings from the Hawai'i Physician Workforce Assessment Project
Reports on Hawaii physician workforce characteristics and shortages by county and specialty. Summarizes activities to support the physician workforce, including recruitment and personal protective equipment assistance related to COVID-19, telehealth efforts, data collection, expanded rural training programming, and other activities. Notes the anticipated closure of the Hawaii State Loan Repayment Program.
Author(s): Kelley Withy
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Hawaii and Pacific Basin Area Health Education Centers
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Pipeline Programs Can Support Reforms in Medical Education: A Cohort Study of Alabama's Rural Health Leaders Pipeline to Engage Community Leaders
Presents a study examining the efficacy of a medical education pipeline program to provide healthcare professionals for rural communities in Alabama. Details the distributions of graduates throughout the state and highlights the counties by the percentage of their populations that are rural, poor, and Black, among other measures.
Author(s): John R. Wheat, James D. Leeper
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
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Practicing Holistic Review in Medical Education
Issue brief that explores holistic review in medical school admissions and key issues related to diversifying and assessing medical school applicants and cohorts in order to expand the healthcare workforce in rural, minority, and underserved areas. Discusses the history and purpose of holistic review, which considers not only academic measures of potential success but also applicants' life experiences, socioeconomic background, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation and gender identity, and disability status, among other characteristics. Recaps informant interviews describing issues and lessons learned from medical school administrators, particularly related to applicant evaluation and emerging assessment methods.
Author(s): Tim Bates, Sunita Mutha, Janet Coffman
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Healthforce Center at UCSF
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The Status of The Nebraska Healthcare Workforce: Update 2020
Analyzes changes in Nebraska's healthcare workforce to investigate the effectiveness of existing programs, to inform policy interventions, and to assist with the development of new healthcare delivery models. Discusses how rural communities with unmet healthcare needs may experience healthcare inequity and poorer health outcomes. Features county-level data on the number of active physicians, nurse professionals, emergency medical technicians, and other healthcare professionals in the state.
Author(s): Nizar Wehbi, Kavita Mosalpuria, Marlene Deras, et al.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Nebraska Medical Center: Center for Health Policy
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Recruiting and Retaining Behavioral Health Workers in Rural America: A Toolkit for Action
Explores successful tactics and programs, and elements missing from many current efforts to recruit and retain behavioral health workers. Describes funding opportunities, pipeline programs, telehealth initiatives, innovative approaches to recruitment and retention, and legislative changes in 2019 that helped promote recruitment and retention.
Author(s): Nancy Baum, Jaque King
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Center for Health and Research Transformation, University of Michigan Behavioral Health Workforce Research Center
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The Behavioral Health Workforce in Rural America: Developing a National Recruitment Strategy
Describes successful strategies to recruit and retain behavioral health workers in rural areas, based on phone interviews with state-level experts in rural health and behavioral health. Explores financial incentives, education and training programs, telehealth, licensure or scope of practice changes, innovative state approaches, and policy considerations.
Author(s): Nancy Baum, Jaque King
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Health and Research Transformation
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Alaska AHEC Program 2019 Annual Report
Details the 2019 program highlights and accomplishments of Alaska's Area Health Education Centers (AHEC) Program, which provides health workforce programs for students to support quality healthcare access in the state.
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Alaska Area Health Education Centers Program, Alaska Center for Rural Health and Health Workforce
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