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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

Obstetric Delivery Inpatient Stays Involving Substance Use Disorders and Related Clinical Outcomes, 2016
Presents statistics from the 2016 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) on delivery-related inpatient stays involving substance use disorders (SUDs). Types of SUDs reported include the use of opioids, cocaine, and other stimulants in urban and rural areas. Examines clinical outcomes at delivery including preterm delivery, severe preeclampsia/eclampsia, obstetric hemorrhage, and placental abruption. Compares delivery outcomes with or without SUD diagnosis, and by rural or urban residence of patient.
Author(s): Anita Soni, Kathryn R. Fingar, Lawrence D. Reid
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project
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The Providers
Collection of learning resources related to The Providers, a film which follows 3 healthcare providers employed at a group of safety-net clinics in northern New Mexico. Explores the physician shortage, health disparities, and the opioid epidemic in rural America. Geared toward high school and college students.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: PBS Learning Media
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MedPAC Comment on CMS's Proposed Rule on CY 2020 Revisions to Payment Policies under the Physician Fee Schedule and Other Changes to Part B Payment Policies
Comments on an August 14, 2019 Federal Register proposed rule addressing updates to the Quality Payment Program, telehealth services, opioid use disorder treatment, and other topics. Includes comments on the quality measurement options for individual clinicians and small practices with small Medicare patient panels.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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State Strategies to Address Opioid Use Disorder Among Pregnant and Postpartum Women and Infants Prenatally Exposed to Substances, Including Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
Identifies state strategies to improve outcomes for pregnant and postpartum women with opioid use disorder and infants prenatally exposed to substances, including opioids. Discusses strategies focused on access to and coordination of quality services, including approaches such as telemedicine that are useful in rural areas. Also discusses strategies related to provider awareness and training and other topics.
Author(s): Charlan D. Kroelinger, Marion E. Rice, Shanna Cox, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(36), 777-783
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Dismantling Buprenorphine Policy Can Provide More Comprehensive Addiction Treatment
Commentary focused on the impact buprenorphine prescribing policy has on access to opioid addiction treatment. Discusses the lack of providers waivered to prescribe buprenorphine in rural areas. Includes a map showing counties that lack providers who can prescribe medications for opioid use disorder.
Author(s): Alex E. Woodruff, Mary Tomanovich, Leo Beletsky, et al.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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Acceptability of Safe Drug Consumption Spaces among People Who Inject Drugs in Rural West Virginia
Presents a study on the acceptability of safe consumption spaces among people who inject drugs in rural West Virginia. Breaks down data by demographic data, overdoses, and drugs used, among other characteristics.
Author(s): Allison O'Rourke, Rebecca Hamilton White, Ju Nyeong Park, et al.
Citation: Harm Reduction Journal, 16, 51
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Factors that Influence Access to Medication-Assisted Treatment
Results of a study examining factors that influence access to medication-assisted treatment and substance use disorder treatment, including rural location, stigma, shortage of providers, and insurance coverage. Uses data from an electronic survey distributed to 59 State Opioid Treatment Authorities or Single State Authorities in the spring of 2019.
Additional links: Policy Brief
Author(s): Dana Foney, Shannon Mace
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Council for Behavioral Health, University of Michigan Behavioral Health Workforce Research Center
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Urban-Rural Differences in Injury and Drug Overdose Death Rates: Data from the National Vital Statistics System
Webinar recording discusses two reports from the National Center for Health Statistics detailing mortality from injuries and opioids in rural versus urban areas. Features presentations by representatives form the National Center for Health Statistics.
Additional links: Audio Recording, PowerPoint Handout, Webinar Transcript
Date: 08/2019
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Evidence Brief: Barriers and Facilitators to Use of Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
Report details an analysis of barriers and facilitators to administering medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD) that are applicable to the Veterans Health Administration. Highlights a synthesis of data extracted from a number of selected studies from 2014-2019, as well as VA data from 2006-2019. Includes data focusing on rural areas.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Veterans Health Administration
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Unclassified Drug Overdose Deaths in the Opioid Crisis: Emerging Patterns of Inequity
Presents a study that explores correlations between certain geographic, economic, or demographic characteristics and missing data pertaining to drug overdose deaths. Looks at unclassified drug overdose deaths and breaks down data by sex, age, race, and economic status, among other factors. Depicts overdose mortality data in nationwide, county-level maps.
Author(s): Andrew J Boslett, Alina Denham, Elaine L Hill, Meredith C B Adams
Citation: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 26(8-9), 767–777
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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