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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

SAMHSA: Coronavirus (COVID-19)
Guidance and resources to help providers respond to COVID-19 while providing care and treatment of mental and substance use disorders. Includes guidance specific to opioid treatment programs.
Date: 07/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Integrating Telemedicine for Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Rural Primary Care: Beyond the COVID Pandemic
Discusses adapting expanded telehealth services used during the COVID-19 pandemic to provide treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). Highlights the successes of telehealth expansion during COVID-19 and suggest ways it could be used to increase access to medication treatment for OUD.
Author(s): Yih-Ing Hser, Larissa J. Mooney
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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Social Determinants of Health and County Population Rates of Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits, 2016
Examines characteristics of U.S. counties, comparing counties with high and low rates of opioid-related inpatient stays and treat-and-release emergency department (ED) visits among patients 15 years and older. Includes data for metro, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote counties, as well as by urban-rural location and poverty rate.
Additional links: Appendix
Author(s): Pamela L. Owens, Audrey J. Weiss, Marguerite L. Barrett, Lawrence D. Reid
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Rural Community Toolbox: Funding & Tools to Build Healthy Drug-Free Rural Communities
Provides access to federal funding programs and information related to substance use disorder (SUD), including opioids, to help rural communities and stakeholders address SUD and issues related to SUD in their communities. Offers resources for technical assistance, training, treatment, and recovery support services for rural communities. Features a community assessment tool that provides county-level data on SUD and a resource guide that provides guidance and recommendations for communities to address SUD.
Additional links: Federal Rural Resource Guide
Date: 06/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organizations: U.S. Department of Agriculture, White House Office of National Drug Control Policy
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National Hospital Care Survey Demonstration Projects: Opioid-Involved Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths
Demonstrates a method for linking three data sets to examine opioid-involved emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and mortality. Reported results are not nationally representative. Includes analysis of opioid-involved and nonopioid-involved ED-only visits for rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Merianne Rose Spencer, Lee Anne Flagg, Geoff Jackson, Carol DeFrances, Holly Hedegaard
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Virtually Possible: Using Telehealth to Bring Reproductive Health Care to Women with Opioid Use Disorder in Rural Maine
Describes a program implemented by a Maine family planning clinic, in which HIV counseling, contraception, and pregnancy testing and counseling were made available to women with opioid use disorder (OUD) through meetings with a community educator and through telehealth. Explores challenges in receiving OUD care in rural Maine and discusses findings.
Author(s): Terri-Ann Thompson, Katherine A. Ahrens, Leah Coplon
Citation: mHealth
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
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Hospital Burden of Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays: Metropolitan and Rural Hospitals, 2016
Examines burden on hospitals of opioid-related hospitalizations for metropolitan, rural-adjacent to metro, and rural remote hospitals. Includes data by region. Provides detailed information by urban-rural location, including information on the distribution of opioid-related stays, bed size, and occupancy level.
Author(s): Pamela L. Owens, Audrey J. Weiss, Marguerite L. Barrett
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Pain in the Nation Update: Alcohol, Drug, and Suicide Deaths in 2018
Report details updated rates of deaths related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide for 2018. Breaks down data by race, age, and regionally, including rural versus metro areas.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Trust for America's Health
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Beyond Opioids: Rapid Increase in Drug Deaths Involving Stimulants
Presents a breakdown of drug related deaths involving stimulants. Features a number of charts highlighting the data, including rural and urban, regional, and national comparisons.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation
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Guidance for Law Enforcement and First Responders Administering Naloxone
Provides guidance for naloxone administration by law enforcement and first responders during the COVID-19 pandemic. Details recommendations for administering both intranasal and intramuscular naloxone.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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