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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

Creating a Consortium to Combat the Opioid Epidemic in Ohio
Highlights a program formed to address the opioid crisis in five counties in Ohio. Discusses the use of the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy's Rural Communities Opioid Response Program (RCORP) to form a hub-and-spoke consortium of state, county, and community partners.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Characterizing the Rural Opioid Use Environment in Kentucky Using Google Earth: Virtual Audit
Presents a study on the reliability of using Google Earth to track physical environment data correlating with rural opioid use. Examines data drawn from 5 rural counties in Kentucky using Google Earth between 2017 and 2018.
Author(s): Natalie Danielle Crawford, Regine Haardöerfer, Hannah Cooper, et al.
Citation: Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21(10), e14923
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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The Ryan White Program Opiate Epidemic Response in WV
Webinar presented on October 23, 2019, exploring Hepatitis C and HIV outbreaks in southern West Virginia, describing strategies to reduce harm associated with injection drug use in outpatient HIV care clinics, and identifying challenges in implementing public health syringe programs in rural areas. Available with free registration.
Additional links: Presentation slides
Author(s): Christine Teague
Date: 10/2019
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: AIDS Education & Training Center Southeast
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The Opioid Hydra: Understanding Overdose Mortality Epidemics and Syndemics Across the Rural-Urban Continuum
Documents the trends in drug overdose mortality by opioid type along the rural‐urban continuum. Identifies the opioid overdose mortality epidemics and opioid syndemic mortality rates by core-based statistical area (metropolitan and non-metropolitan county). Discusses the socioeconomic indicators including demographic, drug risk, and economic characteristics of communities affected by the different classes of opioid overdose epidemics.
Author(s): David J. Peters, Shannon M. Monnat, Andrew L. Hochstetler, et al.
Citation: Rural Sociology, 2019, 1-3
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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Analysis of Buprenorphine Prescribing Patterns Among Advanced Practitioners in Medicaid
Presentation slides from an October/November 2019 public meeting, describing the effects of the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 on access to opioid use disorder treatment for Medicaid beneficiaries. Includes information on urban and rural trends in prescribing.
Author(s): John Wedeles
Date: 10/2019
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
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Obstetric Delivery Inpatient Stays Involving Substance Use Disorders and Related Clinical Outcomes, 2016
Presents statistics from the 2016 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) on delivery-related inpatient stays involving substance use disorders (SUDs). Types of SUDs reported include the use of opioids, cocaine, and other stimulants in urban and rural areas. Examines clinical outcomes at delivery including preterm delivery, severe preeclampsia/eclampsia, obstetric hemorrhage, and placental abruption. Compares delivery outcomes with or without SUD diagnosis, and by rural or urban residence of patient.
Author(s): Anita Soni, Kathryn R. Fingar, Lawrence D. Reid
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project
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The Providers
Collection of learning resources related to The Providers, a film which follows 3 healthcare providers employed at a group of safety-net clinics in northern New Mexico. Explores the physician shortage, health disparities, and the opioid epidemic in rural America. Geared toward high school and college students.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: PBS Learning Media
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State Strategies to Address Opioid Use Disorder Among Pregnant and Postpartum Women and Infants Prenatally Exposed to Substances, Including Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
Identifies state strategies to improve outcomes for pregnant and postpartum women with opioid use disorder and infants prenatally exposed to substances, including opioids. Discusses strategies focused on access to and coordination of quality services, including approaches such as telemedicine that are useful in rural areas. Also discusses strategies related to provider awareness and training and other topics.
Author(s): Charlan D. Kroelinger, Marion E. Rice, Shanna Cox, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(36), 777-783
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Dismantling Buprenorphine Policy Can Provide More Comprehensive Addiction Treatment
Commentary focused on the impact buprenorphine prescribing policy has on access to opioid addiction treatment. Discusses the lack of providers waivered to prescribe buprenorphine in rural areas. Includes a map showing counties that lack providers who can prescribe medications for opioid use disorder.
Author(s): Alex E. Woodruff, Mary Tomanovich, Leo Beletsky, et al.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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Scaling Up Hepatitis C Prevention and Treatment Interventions for Achieving Elimination in the United States: A Rural and Urban Comparison
Details a study on hepatitis C treatment and prevention interventions for people who use drugs in rural and urban areas. Compares the results of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and syringe service program (SSP) interventions in rural Perry County, Kentucky and urban San Fransisco, California.
Author(s): Hannah Fraser, Claudia Vellozzi, Thomas J Hoerger, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Epidemiology, 188(8), 1539-1551
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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