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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

Rural Access to MAT in Pennsylvania (RAMP): A Hybrid Implementation Study Protocol for Medication Assisted Treatment Adoption among Rural Primary Care Providers
Presents a study on the implementation of an intervention designed to expand access to medication-assisted treatment for people with opioid use disorder in rural Pennsylvania. Highlights the collaborators and roles within the intervention, breaking down the delivery and support infrastructure.
Author(s): Gerald Cochran, Evan S. Cole, Jack Warwick, et al.
Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 14, 25
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Evidence Brief: Managing Acute Pain in Patients with Opioid Use Disorder on Medication-assisted Treatment
Brief details the Veterans Health Administration's best practice on acute pain treatment for patients undergoing medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder. Includes supplemental materials that highlight search strategies and evidence tables among other materials.
Additional links: Supplementary Materials
Author(s): Stephanie Veazie, Katherine Mackey, Donald Bourne, Kim Peterson
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Veterans Health Administration
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Life-Saving Naloxone from Pharmacies
Describes the role naloxone plays in reversing the effects of an opioid overdose. Discusses the need for greater access to naloxone, particularly in rural areas, and highlights trends in opioid and naloxone prescribing. Includes links to related CDC resources.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Vital Signs: Pharmacy-Based Naloxone Dispensing — United States, 2012–2018
Reports on trends and characteristics of naloxone dispensing from retail pharmacies. Includes data for metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural counties on high-dose opioid and naloxone prescriptions. Also includes county-level maps of naloxone prescriptions per 100,000 people and naloxone prescriptions per 100 high-dose opioid prescriptions.
Author(s): Gery P. Guy Jr., Tamara M. Haegerich, Mary E. Evans, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(31), 679-686
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Urban-Rural Differences in Drug Overdose Death Rates, by Sex, Age, and Type of Drugs Involved, 2017
Data brief examining differences in urban and rural areas, using the most recent data from the National Vital Statistics System. Features statistics including age-adjusted rates of overdose rates from 1999-2017 by urban and rural residence, and rates of overdose death in 2017 by sex, age group, and type of drug, with breakdowns by urban and rural areas.
Author(s): Holly Hedegaard, Arialdi M. Minino, Margaret Warner
Citation: NCHS Data Brief, No. 345
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Local Health Department Approaches to Opioid Use Prevention and Response: An Environmental Scan
Summarizes the results of an environmental scan of 198 local health departments (LHDs) regarding their local opioid overdose prevention and response activities. Reports and compares statistics by the size of the population the LHD serves and governance. Discusses efforts and activities related to workforce, clinical and programmatic services, policy, communication, partnership, and data collection. Includes LHD stories from the field.
Author(s): Kamya Raja, Francis Higgins
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of County and City Health Officials
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Critical Crossroads: Pediatric Mental Health Care in the Emergency Department: A Care Pathway Resource Toolkit
Toolkit designed to support hospitals that provide high-quality, effective emergency care to pediatric patients in psychiatric distress. Includes case stories from rural emergency departments in various states.
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau
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Unintentional Injury Death Rates in Rural and Urban Areas: United States, 1999–2017
Examines trends in unintentional injury deaths from 1999 through 2017. Provides urban versus rural age-adjusted death rates related to motor vehicle traffic injuries, unintentional drug overdoses, and unintentional falls, with data for 2014 and 2017.
Author(s): R. Henry Olaisen, Lauren M. Rossen, Margaret Warner, Robert N. Anderson
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Psychosocial Supports in Medication-Assisted Treatment: Site Visit Findings and Conclusions
Profiles 5 programs that offer medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD), including several with rural components. Covers psychosocial support offered, staffing and staff training, collaboration and coordination, financing, data collection and quality improvement, lessons learned, and next steps for each program. Discusses the aspects of psychosocial support that are most important for positive outcomes, types of psychosocial support being used, and factors helping or impeding psychosocial support implementation, including stigma and workforce challenges. Appendix B reviews the literature on psychosocial support in MAT.
Additional links: Appendix B: Psychosocial Supports in Medication-Assisted Treatment: Recent Evidence and Current Practice
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Pain in the Nation: Building a National Resilience Strategy: Alcohol and Drug Misuse and Suicide and the Millennial Generation - a Devastating Impact
Report highlights the rates of alcohol and drug misuse and suicide among the millennial generation (people in their 20s and 30s). Discusses the role of the opioid crisis in the increases in "deaths of despair" among millennials. Chart on page 6 compares rates in rural and metro areas.
Date: 06/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Trust for America's Health, Well Being Trust
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