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Resources by Topic: Infectious diseases

Facilitators and Barriers of HPV Vaccination: A Qualitative Study in Rural Georgia
Presents findings from interviews with 40 parents and young adults in rural southwest Georgia on attitudes, knowledge, and preferences related to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination uptake. Discusses challenges and opportunities related to transportation, knowledge, trust, and stigma.
Author(s): Courtney N. Petagna, Stephen Perez, Erica Hsu, et al.
Citation: BMC Cancer, 24, 592
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
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COVID-19 Vaccines: Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech Use Varied By Urban, Rural Counties
Examines rural versus urban usage of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines by county. Provides data on first and second dose of vaccines, with data broken down by large central metro, large fringe metro, medium metro, small metro, micropolitan, or noncore location. Includes county-level maps showing Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech spatial usage and discusses geographic implications that impacted access to each vaccine.
Author(s): Katherine Wen, Daniel A. Harris, Preeti Chachlani, et al.
Citation: Health Affairs, 43(5)
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
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Care Fragmentation and Readmission Mortality and Length of Stay Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Data from the National Readmissions Database, 2018–2020
Examines fragmented readmissions, in which a patient returns to a hospital that is different than their prior admission, and the impact on in-hospital mortality and longer lengths-of-stay (LOS). Analyzes readmission data during the COVID-19 pandemic against 2018-2019 data and includes breakdowns according to patient sex, age, income, insurance status, and health condition, as well as hospital type and large metropolitan area, small metropolitan area, micropolitan, or non-metropolitan/non-micropolitan location.
Author(s): Sara Turbow, Tiffany Walker, Steven Culler, Mohammed K. Ali
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 24, 622
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
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COVID-19 Infection and Incident Diabetes in American Indian and Alaska Native people: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Examines associations between COVID-19 infection and diabetes in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) people. Utilizes the Indian Health Service's (IHS) National Patient Information Reporting System to analyze incident diabetes among 3 participant cohorts: pre-pandemic, pandemic but no COVID-19 infection, and pandemic with COVID-19 infection. Discusses the relationship between COVID-19 infection and new-onset diabetes in AI/AN populations.
Author(s): James W. Keck, Mary E. Lacy, Sara Bressler, Ian Blake, Uzo Chukwuma, Michael G. Bruce
Citation: The Lancet Regional Health - Americas, 33, 100727
Date: 05/2024
Type: Document
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Bridging the Gap in HPV Vaccinations: Community-Driven Strategies in Rural Areas
Discusses development and implementation of an HPV vaccination intervention focused on education and outreach, primary care team training, and data assessment which took place at a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) serving primarily rural and Native American patients in California. Highlights the significance of trust-building and communication efforts to reduce rural vaccine hesitancy.
Author(s): Julie HT Dang
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
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Rural-Urban Differences in Long-Term Mortality and Readmission Following COVID-19 Hospitalization, 2020 to 2023
Analyzes rural-urban disparities in mortality and hospital readmission among 9,325 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 from March 2020 to July 2022, with follow-up data through May 2023. Includes data on demographic and clinical factors associated with rural dwelling.
Author(s): Mohammed Yousufuddin, Maryam Mahmood, Ebrahim Barkoudah, et al.
Citation: Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 11(5)
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Primary Care Providers' Experiences Treating Opioid Use Disorder Using Telehealth in the Height of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Presents a study of the experiences of primary care providers who used telehealth for opioid use disorder treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Draws on the insights of participants from rural and urban counties in Kentucky and Arkansas and compares the experiences of rural and urban providers.
Author(s): Sarah Alexandra Marshall, Lachan E. Siebenmorgen, Nickolas Zaller, et al.
Citation: Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 15
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Symptoms of the Disease: The Epidemiological, Economic, and Public Health Impacts of COVID-19 on the Battle Born State
Reports on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Nevada between March 2020 and December 2022 on various healthcare, economic, and sociodemographic indicators. Includes rural and urban comparisons related to case and mortality rates, telehealth utilization, homelessness, and child welfare.
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Nevada Department of Health and Human Services
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Vitamin D Levels and SARS-CoV-2 Infection among Medically Underserved Populations in the Minority and Rural Coronavirus Insights Study
Analyzes associations between SARS-CoV-2 infection and vitamin D status among 3187 Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) patients, with comparisons by race and other demographic factors. Discusses COVID-19 disparities among underserved populations. Includes data on SARS-CoV-2 infection and vitamin D deficiency among rural people.
Author(s): Makella S. Coudray, Shantoy Hansel, Salvatore Alesci, et al.
Citation: Viruses, 16(4), 639
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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The Dynamic Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease Among People Living with HIV: A Real-World Data Study
Analyzes the relationship between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and people living with HIV (PLWH) in South Carolina. Examines risk factors for CVD among PLWH by breaking down data by health status and sociodemographic variables, including rural versus urban residence.
Author(s): Ziang Liu, Jiajia Zhang, Xueying Yang, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 24, 1162
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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