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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Obesity and weight control

COVID-19 Health Equity Interactive Dashboard
Interactive map containing county- and state-level data on COVID-19 cases and deaths in the U.S. Illustrates relationships between COVID-19 outcomes and various social determinants of health, such as population density, poverty, underlying health conditions, urban/rural status, and more.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Emory University
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Challenges to Admitting Residents: Perspectives from Rural Nursing Home Administrators and Staff
Study of nursing home admissions in rural areas that examines challenges nursing home workers encounter when admitting individuals with mental and behavioral health conditions, obesity, dementia, and complex medical conditions. Discusses capacity challenges facing rural nursing homes related to population density, workforce recruitment and retention, financial issues, and space and equipment needs to meet specific health conditions. Data taken from surveys of 209 rural nursing home administrators.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Dori Cross, Adrita Rahman
Citation: Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, 58, 1-8
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
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Marcellus Shale Natural Gas Development Increased Income for Rural Pennsylvania Families, but Youth Obesity Rates Remained High
Results of a study examining whether increases in income generated by Marcellus Shale natural gas extraction led to declines in youth obesity in parts of Pennsylvania where geological conditions were better for extracting natural gas. Uses data from 317 Pennsylvania school districts and compares youth obesity rates in 2007 and 2011.
Author(s): Molly A. Martin
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion, Penn State Population Research Institute
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Eat Healthy, Be Active Community Workshops Implemented with Rural Hispanic Women
Describes a pilot study investigating whether delivering Eat Healthy, Be Active (EHBA) workshops through promotoras is a practical and culturally relevant method for encouraging healthy lifestyle behaviors and reducing obesity among Hispanic women in rural areas of Washington state. Includes data and statistics, with information on changes in nutrition label literacy, food insecurity, health behaviors, and health status among participants.
Author(s): Janeth I. Sanchez, Katherine J. Briant, Samantha Wu-Georges, et al.
Citation: BMC Women's Health, 21(24)
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
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Collecting Early Childhood Obesity Measurements Through a Home Visiting Program: A Proof-of-Concept Study
Describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a proof-of-concept protocol for collecting data on weight and length/height of children aged 6 months to 5 years through existing home visiting programs in rural and urban areas of South Carolina, Texas, Illinois, and Florida. Features a measurement checklist for parent educators and discusses implications for public health, such as obesity prevention.
Author(s): Julie Kapp, Brian Hall, Allison Kemner
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
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"We're, Like, the Most Unhealthy People in the Country": Using an Equity Lens to Reduce Barriers to Healthy Food Access in Rural Appalachia
Examines barriers and facilitators for accessing healthy food in Martin County, Kentucky. Aims to develop socially-, culturally-, and historically-informed policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions to reduce obesity in Appalachia and other areas.
Author(s): Kathryn Cardarelli, Emily DeWitt, Rachel Gillespie, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
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Rural Health Research Recap: Rural Ethnic/Racial Disparities: Adverse Health Outcomes
Explores the racial and ethnic disparities in rural health outcomes. Breaks down rates of premature mortality and disability status of Black, Hispanic, American Indian and Alaska Native, and Asian American and Pacific Islander populations in rural and urban areas.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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NRHA Policy Paper: Rural Obesity
Policy position paper examining rural-urban differences in obesity prevalence, obesity as a factor in health disparities, differences in weight-related behaviors, and social determinants of health influencing rural obesity. Offers strategies and policy recommendations to address rural obesity.
Author(s): Demetrius Abshire, Cassity Gutierrez
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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Rural/Urban Differences in Children's Health
Examines differences in child health conditions by rural and urban residency. Explores differences in mental and behavioral health, weight status and physical activity, adverse childhood experiences, and access to healthcare.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maternal and Child Health Bureau
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Place Effects and Chronic Disease Rates in a Rural State: Evidence from a Triangulation of Methods
Investigates the relationship between place effects, or food environment, and prevalence of chronic diseases in West Virginia. Features data and statistics on how areas with access to different food vendors (hot spots) and those that lack food providers (cold spots) impact diabetes and obesity rates, with information broken down by rural or urban setting.
Author(s): Mohamed Shabani Kariburyo, Lauri Andress, Alan Collins, Paul Kinder
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 6676
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
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