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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Obesity and weight control

Tanner Health System: Promoting Healthy Behaviors
Describes "Get Healthy, Eat Well," an initiative by Tanner Health System to promote healthy behaviors in its rural Georgia and Alabama communities. Provides an overview of the framework that guided the network of community partners, school and community interventions, and results of the program. Includes lessons learned and next steps.
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Addressing Obesity in Nebraska's Youth: Water Consumption in Schools
Report details an effort to promote water consumption as a replacement for sugary beverages in order to combat obesity in Nebraska schools. Highlights ways the state has increased access to water fountains and water bottle filling stations. Compares rates of obesity to other states for children and adults.
Author(s): Jon Bailey
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Affairs
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Development of a National Childhood Obesogenic Environment Index in the United States: Differences by Region and Rurality
Details the formation of a childhood obesogenic environment index (COEI), which was used to identify rural, urban, and other geographic differences in environmental factors associated with obesity. Variables used to calculate COEI scores include availability of fast-food restaurants, farmers markets, grocery stores, and other related facilities; access to exercise opportunities; violent crime; walkability; and more. Includes county-level data on COEI scores across the U.S.
Author(s): Andrew Kaczynski, Jan Eberth, Ellen Stowe, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 17(83)
Date: 2020
Type: Document
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A Health Equity Approach to Obesity Efforts: Proceedings of a Workshop
Proceedings of a workshop focused on health equity in demographic groups with a higher risk of obesity and how to address those issues in obesity treatment and prevention efforts. Covers disparities in obesity prevalence, including for rural areas and American Indian/Alaska Natives, social determinants of health, community and public health approaches for preventing and treating obesity, and effective healthcare interventions.
Additional links: Read Online: Full Proceedings, Read Online: Summary, June 2019
Author(s): Roundtable on Obesity Solutions
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Opioid-Related Hospitalization and Its Association With Chronic Diseases: Findings From the National Inpatient Sample, 2011-2015
Results of a study examining whether opioid-related hospitalization is associated with cancer, stroke, obesity, asthma, liver or spinal disease, and arthritis. Features demographic statistics with breakdowns by urban or rural location.
Author(s): Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Donglan Zhang, Heather M. Padilla, Sae Rom Chung
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
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The State of the World's Children 2019 - Children, Food and Nutrition: Growing Well in a Changing World
Examines the effects of undernutrition and obesity among children and highlights how governments, businesses, and stakeholders can improve food systems. Features statistics on child mortality rates, maternal and child health, early childhood development, and education, with breakdowns by countries and territories including Palau, Samoa, Federated States of Micronesia, and the Marshall Islands.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
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Risk Factors and Potentially Preventable Deaths in Rural Communities
Compares rates of potentially avoidable deaths in rural and urban communities and shows how these deaths vary by census region. Features statistics on modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, and obesity, and percent of potentially preventable deaths attributable to specific health conditions, with breakdowns by rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Mark Holmes, Kristie W. Thompson
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Life Course Patterns of Concurrent Trajectories of BMI and Affective Symptoms of Rural Mothers: Socioeconomic Antecedents and Disease Outcomes in Later Life
Study examining patterns of body mass index (BMI), socioeconomic background, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in rural Midwestern mothers over a 25-year period from 1991-2015. Participants in the study were 552 White families in rural Iowa who were parents of early adolescents in 1991. Discusses health risks, comorbidity, and socioeconomic stresses over time, noting that the rural women in the study experienced the rural farm crisis of the late 1980s.
Author(s): Kandauda Wickrama, Eric T. Klopack, Catherine Walker O'Neal, et al.
Citation: The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 74(7), 1233-1244
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
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The State of Obesity 2019: Better Policies for a Healthier America
Report on obesity-related trends and topics. Offers policy recommendations to address obesity. Includes a special feature on racial and ethnic disparities in obesity. Provides data on obesity levels in rural areas and highlights programs developed to address obesity in rural communities. Includes state-level data on obesity and related chronic conditions, as well as obesity-related indicators and policies.
Author(s): Molly Warren, Stacy Beck, Daphne Delgado
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Trust for America's Health
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Community Coalitions for Change and the Policy, Systems, and Environment Model: A Community-Based Participatory Approach to Addressing Obesity in Rural Tennessee
Reports on a community-based participatory initiative, Community Coalitions for Change (C3), to address obesity in four rural Tennessee counties. Discusses program results related to health education, physical activity, and healthy food choices.
Author(s): Heather Sedges Wallace, Karen L. Franck, Cori L. Sweet
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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