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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Obesity and weight control

Life Course Patterns of Concurrent Trajectories of BMI and Affective Symptoms of Rural Mothers: Socioeconomic Antecedents and Disease Outcomes in Later Life
Study examining patterns of body mass index (BMI), socioeconomic background, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in rural Midwestern mothers over a 25-year period from 1991-2015. Participants in the study were 552 White families in rural Iowa who were parents of early adolescents in 1991. Discusses health risks, comorbidity, and socioeconomic stresses over time, noting that the rural women in the study experienced the rural farm crisis of the late 1980s.
Author(s): Kandauda Wickrama, Eric T. Klopack, Catherine Walker O'Neal, et al.
Citation: The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 74(7), 1233-1244
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
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The State of Obesity 2019: Better Policies for a Healthier America
Report on obesity-related trends and topics. Offers policy recommendations to address obesity. Includes a special feature on racial and ethnic disparities in obesity. Provides data on obesity levels in rural areas and highlights programs developed to address obesity in rural communities. Includes state-level data on obesity and related chronic conditions, as well as obesity-related indicators and policies.
Author(s): Molly Warren, Stacy Beck, Daphne Delgado
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Trust for America's Health
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Community Coalitions for Change and the Policy, Systems, and Environment Model: A Community-Based Participatory Approach to Addressing Obesity in Rural Tennessee
Reports on a community-based participatory initiative, Community Coalitions for Change (C3), to address obesity in four rural Tennessee counties. Discusses program results related to health education, physical activity, and healthy food choices.
Author(s): Heather Sedges Wallace, Karen L. Franck, Cori L. Sweet
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Collaborative Implementation of a Community-based Exercise Intervention with a Partnering Rural American Indian Community
Presents a study on an intervention to address obesity and type 2 diabetes among rural American Indian youth. Details an exercise-based intervention implemented via a partnership between the University of Oklahoma Health Science Center and the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.
Author(s): Jennifer Q Chadwick, Mary A Tullier, Lisa Wolbert, et al.
Citation: Clinical Trials, 16(4), 391-398
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Improving Physical Activity and Outdoor Recreation in Rural Alabama Through Community Coalitions
Describes a community-based obesity reduction and prevention initiative which used community coalitions to implement research-based interventions. Interventions focused on improving opportunities for physical activity in 14 Alabama counties with high rates of obesity. Reports on the types of interventions implemented and their potential reach.
Author(s): William M. Carter, Wayde C. Morse, Ruth W. Brock, Barbara Struempler
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Adult Health Status among Native American Families Participating in the Growing Resilience Home Garden Study
Reports the results of a randomized controlled trial examining the impacts of home food gardens on the health status of 176 adults from 96 families of the Northern Arapaho and Eastern Shoshone tribes living on the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming. Compares the rates of obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes among study participants with the state and national disease rates in 2017, and American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) national disease rates in 2015.
Author(s): Christine M. Porter, Alyssa M. Wechsler, Shawn J. Hime, Felix Naschold
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Development of a Childhood Obesogenic Environment Index
Findings brief describing the development of a childhood obesogenic environment index using 10 variables related to physical activity and healthy eating. Discusses differences in the childhood obesogenic environment index data by rurality and region of the United States.
Author(s): Andrew T. Kaczynski, Jan M. Eberth, Angela D. Liese, et al.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Creating a Public Health Community of Practice to Support American Indian and Alaska Native Communities in Addressing Chronic Disease
Describes use of the ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) model to support and evaluate program objectives of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Good Health and Wellness in Indian Country (GHWIC) program.
Author(s): Shawna L. Williams, Alexis Kaigler, Amy Armistad, David K. Espey, Bruce B. Struminger
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Obesity and Diabetes in the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska: From Community Engagement to Action, 2014-2019
Describes interventions implemented on the Winnebago Tribe reservation in rural Nebraska and Iowa, focusing on community-selected and culturally adapted policies, systems, and environmental improvements to reduce obesity and type 2 diabetes. Strategies include infant and childhood obesity prevention education, promotion of healthy foods and beverages, and improvements to pedestrian safety and built environment.
Author(s): Larry Alonso, Lorelei Decora, Ursula Bauer
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Dual Burden of Stunting and Obesity Among Elementary School Children on Majuro, Republic of Marshall Islands
Provides a baseline for the prevalence of obesity and low height-for-age in elementary students on Majuro, Republic of Marshall Islands in response to initiatives addressing childhood over- and under-nutrition. Compares data by age group, school type, and gender.
Author(s): Erin Passmore, Tanner Smith
Citation: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 78(8), 262-266
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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