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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Recruitment and retention of health professionals

Burnout and Job and Career Satisfaction in the Physician Assistant Profession: A Review of the Literature
Discussion paper exploring factors contributing to burnout and job satisfaction among physician assistants (PAs), by examining 37 scholarly articles, 4 of which evaluate PAs in rural areas. Features a list of high-priority research areas and an appendix showing key findings from each of the 37 articles.
Author(s): Alison C. Essary, Kari S. Bernard, Bettie Coplan, et al.
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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Case Study: How Alaska Addresses Its Health Care Workforce Challenges
Reviews how state agencies and organizations in Alaska have collaborated to address health workforce shortages, particularly in rural areas of the state. Highlights the state's apprenticeship program, workforce coalition, use of Medicaid to pay nontraditional healthcare workers, and more.
Author(s): Rachel Donlon, Natalie Williams
Date: 11/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy for State Health Policy
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Survey Snapshot: Rural Health Innovations Born from Challenges
Describes ways in which several large health care systems in South Carolina, Illinois, Texas, and Indiana have found creative solutions for expanding access for patients in rural areas and for improving recruitment and retention rates among their rural providers.
Author(s): Sandra Gittlen
Citation: NEJM Catalyst
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
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Reshaping the Journey: American Indians and Alaska Natives in Medicine
Summarizes best practices and results of successful programs to be used as models for developing programs that can be used to help raise the number of American Indian and Alaska Natives (AI-AN) medical school graduates. Includes statistics on AI-AN medical school applicants by undergraduate institution and by state, and AI-AN medical school graduates by medical school.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Association of American Indian Physicians, Association of American Medical Colleges
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Cultivating Country Doctors: Preparing Learners for Rural Life and Community Leadership
Explores how selected medical school and residency programs develop students' competencies related to rural life, community engagement, and community leadership.
Author(s): Sarah B. Thach, Bryan Hodge, Misty Cox, Anna Beth Parlier-Ahmad, Shelley L. Galvin
Citation: Family Medicine, 50(9), 685-690
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
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Supporting Family Physician Maternity Care Providers
Summarizes strategies, provides suggestions, and examines the role family physicians play in providing maternity care to the underserved. Also presents ideas for training and retaining family physician maternity care providers in rural areas.
Author(s): Jessica Taylor Goldstein, Scott G. Hartman, Matthew R. Meunier, et al.
Citation: Family Medicine, 50(9), 662-671
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
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Physician Alliance Well-Being Case Study: Avera Health
Highlights a healthcare system based in South Dakota that serves a primarily rural population. Focuses on their program LIGHT: Live, Improve, Grow, Heal and Treat, which seeks to prevent and address burnout for physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants.
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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2018 Update on Priority Strategies: North Carolina Rural Health Action Plan
Details the progress North Carolina has made in 6 priority areas outlined in the 2014 Rural Health Action Plan. These include investment in local industries, ensuring that childhood settings promote educational success, encouraging healthy eating and active living, screening for and treating substance abuse and mental health issues, educating people about insurance and safety net options, and creating incentives to support recruitment and retention of providers to underserved areas.
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Institute of Medicine
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Louisiana Oral Health Workforce Expansion Program: Evaluation Report
Reports on Louisiana's efforts to expand oral health access to people in Dental Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) in the state as part of a Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) funded grant. Details their efforts so far, challenges faced, and outcomes. Their efforts focused on an oral health needs assessment, a Dental Rural Scholars Track Program modeled after similar medical school programs, and an oral health recruitment and placement program. Appendices include examples of application forms, surveys, and assessment tools used to evaluate the programs, along with a map of state dental HPSAs.
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Louisiana Bureau of Primary Care and Rural Health
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Primary Care Physicians: Missouri Workforce Update
Provides an overview of the primary care physician workforce in Missouri. Includes rural and urban statistics on population characteristics, total number of primary care physicians, and the age of primary care physicians in Missouri. Discusses legislative efforts to increase access to healthcare and other programs to recruit and retain primary care physicians in rural and underserved areas of Missouri.
Author(s): Mary Becker
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Missouri Hospital Association
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