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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Recruitment and retention of health professionals

Workforce Outcomes of North Carolina Medical School Graduates: A Report to the Joint Legislative Oversight Committee on Health and Human Services and the Joint Legislative Education Oversight Committee
Describes the identity, location, and number of positions for medical school in North Carolina, identifies the numbers of graduates of medical education in various specialty areas, and tracks outcomes of graduates in primary care, obstetrics and gynecology, and psychiatry 5 years after completing training. Features statistics including percent of graduates in training or practice in rural areas 2008-2011, with breakdowns by four North Carolina medical schools.
Author(s): Julie C. Spero, Erin P. Fraher
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research
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The Workforce Outcomes of Physicians Completing Residency Programs in North Carolina
Describes the identity, location, and number of graduate medical education (GME) training programs in North Carolina, identifies the numbers of GME program graduates in various medical specialty areas, and tracks outcomes of graduates 5 years after completing training. Includes statistics with breakdowns by urban or rural areas of North Carolina.
Author(s): Erin P. Fraher, Julie C. Spero, Evan Galloway, Jim Terry
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research
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Filling the Gap: USDA, Utility Co-ops Working to Bring Badly Needed Dental Services to Rural Iowans
Features the Fulfilling Iowa's Need for Dentists (FIND) program funded by USDA Rural Development via pass-through loans to several telephone and electric cooperatives to provide dental care to Iowa's rural communities. Details the development of FIND and the ways in which it helps place dentists in underserved areas.
Author(s): Darin Leach
Citation: Rural Cooperatives, 85(1), 12-13, 43
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Rural Development
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Kansas Health Professional Underserved Areas Report, 2017
Provides information on Health Professional Shortage Designations (HPSAs) including the various federal and state definitions; qualifying criteria; and a summary of county or individual benefits for each designation. Covers workforce recruitment and retention programs in Kansas during 2017. Includes a table showing county-level data for Primary Care, Dental, and Mental HPSAs.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kansas Office of Primary Care & Rural Health
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Medi-Cal Specialty Mental Health External Quality Review: FY16-17 Statewide Report
Reports on an external review of all 56 county Mental Health Plans (MHPs) that are contracted to provide specialty mental health services to Medi-Cal beneficiaries, including breakdowns for rural areas. Discusses challenges meeting demand and recruiting and retaining healthcare providers. Highlights coordination of mental health and substance abuse treatment, use of telemedicine for remote areas, cross-training with child welfare staff, and co-location of services in facilities such as Rural Health Clinics (RHCs) and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs).
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: California Department of Health Care Services
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Rapid Evidence Review: What are Effective Approaches for Recruiting and Retaining Rural Primary Care Health Professionals?
Provides an overview of evidence concerning the effectiveness of rural-specific recruitment and retention strategies. Discusses several distinct approaches, overlapping strategies, and targeted efforts that may change based on a health professional's career stage.
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AcademyHealth
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MedPAC Report to the Congress: Physician Supervision Requirements in Critical Access Hospitals and Small Rural Hospitals
Provides background information on Medicare physician supervision requirements, and examines how enforcement of these requirements impacts access to care, quality of care, and staffing needs in Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) and small rural hospitals. Findings are based on interviews with CMS officials, hospital association representatives, and CAH administrators in several states.
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Strengthening the Rural Health Workforce: Tools, Resources and Outcomes
Webinar designed to explore rural healthcare workforce challenges and best practices for recruiting and retaining clinicians and allied health professionals. Panelists include representatives from HRSA, the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, 3RNet, and HRSA grantees.
Date: 11/2017
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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South Carolina's Rural Health Action Plan
Describes South Carolina's plan to improve rural health outcomes, including 5 areas of focus, 15 recommendations, and 50+ action steps, intended to spur progress over the following 3-5 years. Focus areas include access to care, community assets leadership and engagement (CALE), economic development, education, and housing.
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: South Carolina Office of Rural Health
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Veterans Health Administration: Better Data and Evaluation Could Help Improve Physician Staffing, Recruitment, and Retention Strategies
Reviews the Veterans Health Administration's (VHA) recruitment and retention strategies, specifically for VHA physicians working in the five areas identified as mission-critical: primary care, mental health, gastroenterology, orthopedic surgery, and emergency medicine. Presents information on how many VHA physicians provide care, the extent VHA measures physician workload and productivity, and how current recruitment and retention strategies are evaluated. Addresses rural shortages and makes recommendations for improving VHA workforce development and planning based on interviews with VHA officials and a review of VHA documentation.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 10/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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